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Session 3: The 30 Descriptions of Jesus

I . Review

  • Humility above theology. [biblegateway passage=”Ephesians 4″]
  • Scrutinize! Do not a accept anything until you see it for yourself.
  • Jesus will establish a physical kingdom.
    [biblegateway passage=”Jeremiah 23:5″], [biblegateway passage=”Zechariah 14:3-9 “], [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 5:9-10″],  [biblegateway passage=”Luke 1:32″],  [biblegateway passage=”Psalm 2:8”]

“Ask of Me, and I will give You The nations for Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth for Your possession.You shall break[a] them with a rod of iron; You shall dash them to pieces like a potter’s vessel.”

II. Study Terms

Exegesis – to lead out of
Eisegesis – to lead into

III. Common false statements about the book of Revelation

We need to confront the demonic lies that excuse believers from engaging the Book of revelation. Common statements I have heard regarding believers attitude toward the book.

  • It can’t be understood
  • It’s scary
  • It’s fear mongering
  • It’s out of touch
  • It’s not for us to know
  • I’m not qualified to know it
  • I’m not comfortable with it

The book of revelation does not stir up fear. It frees us from fear.

IV. Understanding Biblical Systematic Truths

Paul and Romans

We must approach the book of revelation in a series of parts that lead to a primary truth, much like how many of the new testament books are written. All believers love Romans Chapter 8. “Therefore there is now no condemnation for those in Christ Jesus.” This is an amazing truth, but it is the final truth of a broader context. To fully understand the weight of “no condemnation” we must read and engage Romans 5, 6, 7 so that we can understand the finite details of how Paul systematically builds a case for the power of Gods grace on our lives. Otherwise we run the risk of allowing this powerful verse to be interpreted loosely without understanding the magnitude of the final truth.

John & Revelation

The book of revelation is written in the same systematic way, though it follows a broader storyline. Each part of the book leads our hearts to engage the next part of the book with confidence that we can fully trust Jesus leadership.

The book, like any other book must be read in the context of prayer. So many questions, we have to engage Jesus and ask him what he means, why is this information important? What do you want us to receive from this information?

V. 4 parts of the book

Part 1 John is called to prophesy
We get a glimpse into the heart of Jesus, in the way he represents himself. Each description of Jesus opens our hearts to trust Jesus leadership and agree with it. This part of the book prepares us to receive the next part in with humility.

Part 2. The seven letters to the churches
This is the clearest picture in the Bible of how Jesus views the church after his Resurrection. Jesus encourages and corrects the church. This is how Jesus wants the church to dwell together.

Church of Pergamos and the doctrine of the Nicolaitans

Part 3. The throne room of God
All of heaven agrees that Jesus is the rightful ruler of the earth and is worthy to take his place as Bridegroom, King & Judge

Part 4. Jesus Plan to establish his Kingdom on earth

Understanding the systematic crescendo of the book. Much like a movies. Movies Generally have 3 acts. If you watch the 3rd act by itself you wont have a context to understand the intensity of the ending.

Revelation much like many books of the New Testament are built one idea on top of another. Like Paul in Romans. We are often enthralled by the final truth, however Paul goes into great detail to explain the details of the truth that he is communicating in his letters. For our hearts to be  prepared to receive the difficulty of the message of the book, we must be foundationally anchored into the identity of Jesus as described in [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1-3″] and [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 19″]

VI. The 30 descriptions of Jesus found in Revelation 1-3

You want to wear these three chapters out in your Bible. There is not a more detailed description of Jesus in all of scripture like that of Revelation 1-3

How to study the 30 descriptions

The descriptions of Jesus are like a gold nugget buried shallow in the dirt.

Pray, ask the Holy Spirit for revelation – This information takes tenacity and effort, you will not get this on the run.

Why we study the 30 descriptions of Jesus
In total there is close to 100 descriptions of Jesus, in chapters 2-3 there are 30 ways he is described. Each description contains a deeper message. Personally I like to view each description as the title of a book. This information is a deep well.

2 things the descriptions of Jesus do in every believer

1. Trust his leadership
2. A deeper level of adoration for Jesus

A. He walks among the lamp stands [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1:13″]
Jesus interprets this symbol himself in [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1:20″]. He walks amongst the churches, he is in their midst he is deeply invested in the 7 churches spiritual health.

B. Seven Stars in his hand [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1:13″]
Again Jesus interprets this symbol himself in [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1:20″]
The stars represent the seven angels who have influential authority over the seven churches. These angels fight on the behalf of the churches. Even today we have an angelic authority over the churches of Springfield.

C. One like a Son of Man [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1:13″]

There is ONE prophecy in the old testament that refers to the Messiah as the “Son of Man” [biblegateway passage=”Daniel 7:13-14″] Jesus referred to himself 85 times in the 4 gospels as the “Son of Man”. When Jesus used this title he was simply referring to himself as the Messiah that the Jews had been waiting for.
Son of Man is also a reference to his humanity, like Son of God would be a reference to his deity.

D. Fire in his eyes [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1:14″]

Hebrews 4:13

God’s fire does two things.

1. It refines our hearts in holiness. We grow in our appreciation of his being holy and pure.
2. burns away that which is unholy.

When we feel disconnected from God, we must remember to continually bring our heart before the all consuming fire of the Lord. Jesus has eyes of fire because he sees us down to our core, what motivates and energizes our ambitions. His eyes of fire are personally invested in your holiness.

E. Feet of bronze [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1:15″]
Refined with fire, speaks of his zeal for love and severity of Judgement.

The alter of burnt offering was made of bronze and fire was used to to consume the sacrifice, the fire represents the judgement of God. The bronze in the fire is then refined through the sacrifice.
[biblegateway passage=”Song of Songs 8:6-7″], [biblegateway passage=”Isaiah 66:15-16″]

Jesus was refined by the fire of life. He walked perfect and blameless and was sacrificed as an innocent man, and bore the full Judgement of God. Therefor his feet were refined in the fire of sacrifice, because his walk was blameless.

F. Sword from his mouth
His words have the ability to pierce hearts of believers by calling them to whole heartedness (the 7 letters [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 2:3″]) and do battle against against wickedness and all unrighteousness. The sword of the mouth is his word.

Hebrews 4:12

We receive the seven letters because Jesus is surgically removing compromise from the heart of believers.

[biblegateway passage=”Proverbs 18:21″]
“Death and life are in the power of the tongue,

[biblegateway passage=”2 Thessalonians 2:8″]
And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord will consume with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming.”

[biblegateway passage=”Revelation 20:21″]

VII. These truths about Jesus help us resist offense

When we begin to understand the ways Jesus is describing himself in Revelation chapter 1 it protects our hearts from being offended by his actions in the rest of the book.

In [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 15″], [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 19″]Some of Jesus most obvious attributes are mentioned again in the context of battle. [biblegateway passage=” Isaiah 63″], [biblegateway passage=”Zechariah 14″], [biblegateway passage=”Ezekiel 38-39″] These attributes in these chapters begin to point back to the old testament and broaden our scope of Jesus overall plan.

VIII. Understanding the Consistency of Gods Judgement

Why must we discuss Gods Judgement so much?
Because we want to take an aggressive approach to understanding the ways of God so we don’t have to draw back in fear of the unknown.

Importance of the Old Testiment
404 verses of the book of Revelation, 278 make reference to old testament truths.

I liken it to string attached to one verse in Revelation and going to multiple chapters in the old testament. Reading the book of Revelation demands that we explore the greater council of scripture. When we discover evidence of the old testament in the book of Revelation it draws us to read all scripture with greater purpose in mind.

Exodus and Revelation
One of the largest parallels in the book of revelation to the old testament is the story of Exodus.

The final 14 Judgements of God in the book of Revelation parallel the 10 plagues of Egypt, however they are more severe. This is no accident. This truth gives believers confidence that God is faithful in his ways through ALL of history.

Judgements & Plagues

If we believe the Judgments of God in Revelation are allegorical than we also have to call into question the Judgements of Egypt in the book of Exodus, were they symbolism or were they literal events?

Plagues of Egypt

1.  Water to Blood
2.  Frogs
3.  Gnats or Lice
4.  Flies
5.  Livestock Diseased
6.  Boils
7.  Thunder and Hail
8.  Locusts (Attack Crops)
9.  Darkness
10. Death of the Firstborn

Judgements of the Book of Revelation


1. Hail and fire
2. Sea to Blood
3. Contaminated Water
4. Darkness
5. Locusts (Attack Men)
6. 1/3 of mankind killed
7. Lightning, Hail, Earthquake


1. Painful Soars (on those with the mark of the beast)
2. Sea and oceans become blood
3. All rivers and remaining water turn to blood
4. Sun Scorches the Earth
5. Darkness over the Beast Kingdom
6. Euphrates dries up (3 demonic frogs do miracles to gather the nations for the battle of Armageddon)
7. Global Earthquake, 100 pound hailstones

IX. Similarities of Jesus to Moses

There are 34 identifiable similarities to Jesus and Moses.

[biblegateway passage=”Deuteronomy 18:15″] Moses says
“The Lord your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren.”


Pharoh tried to kill Moses as a baby [biblegateway passage=”Exodus 1:15-22″]
Herod Tried to Kill Jesus as a baby [biblegateway passage=”Matthew 2:16″]

Moses hid in Egypt as a child
Jesus hid in Egypt as a child [biblegateway passage=”Matthew 2:13 “]

Moses face shone [biblegateway passage=”Exodus 34:29-35″]
Jesus face shone with Radiance [biblegateway passage=”Matthew 17:1-9″]

Moses in the wilderness for 40 years [biblegateway passage=”Acts 7:29-30″]
Jesus in the wilderness for 40 days [biblegateway passage=”Matthew 4:1-2″]

The Lord fed the Isrealites through Moses with Manna [Exodus 16:11-36]
Jesus fed the crowds [biblegateway passage=”Matthew 14:13-21″]

Moses released Judgement on Pharaoh [biblegateway passage=”Exodus 7:1-5″]
Jesus releases End Time Judgement on the Antichrist [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 6-16″]

Moses split the red sea to set the Israelites free from pharaoh [biblegateway passage=”Exodus 14″]
Jesus will split a mountain to set the Isrealites free from the Antichrist [biblegateway passage=”Zechariah 14″]

[biblegateway passage=”Micah 7:15 “] This verse is in the context of Israels final redemption at Jesus Hand
“As in the days when you came out of the land of Egypt, I will show them wonders.”

The wonders that he is comparing to are the plagues of Egypt and the wonders that led them out of captivity.

Song of Moses
And finally look  at [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 15:3-4″] The song of Moses and the Lamb is sung. The original song of Moses can be found in [biblegateway passage=”Exodus 15″]

To understand Gods Ways, we must understand his nature.
Why is it important to understand these similarities between Moses and Jesus? These similarities are not by accident they are in the book to strengthen the our trust in Jesus leadership. We can trust his word will not return void. We can trust his future actions will be consistent with his actions in history, because he purposefully made them similar.

We can also view both the Exodus storyline and the end time story line and gain more insight and understanding to the broader context of what is to come. The similarities are almost too many to count.

We must understand the descriptions of Jesus on a deeper level so we do not become offended in his way. His judgements are not too harsh. [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 16:5-7″]

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2 Thessalonians 2

New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Man of Lawlessness

2 Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him, 2 that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come. 3 Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the apostasy comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, 4 who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God. 5 Do you not remember that while I was still with you, I was telling you these things? 6 And you know what restrains him now, so that in his time he will be revealed. 7 For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only he who now restrains will do so until he is taken out of the way. 8 Then that lawless one will be revealed whom the Lord will slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to an end by the appearance of His coming; 9 that is, the one whose coming is in accord with the activity of Satan, with all power and signs and false wonders, 10 and with all the deception of wickedness for those who perish, because they did not receive the love of the truth so as to be saved. 11 For this reason God will send upon them a deluding influence so that they will believe what is false, 12 in order that they all may be judged who did not believe the truth, but took pleasure in wickedness.

13 But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth. 14 It was for this He called you through our gospel, that you may gain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 15 So then, brethren, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught, whether by word of mouth or by letter from us.

16 Now may our Lord Jesus Christ Himself and God our Father, who has loved us and given us eternal comfort and good hope by grace, 17 comfort and strengthen your hearts in every good work and word.

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1 Thessalonians 4-5

New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Sanctification and Love

4 Finally then, brethren, we request and exhort you in the Lord Jesus, that as you received from us instruction as to how you ought to walk and please God (just as you actually do walk), that you excel still more. 2 For you know what commandments we gave you by the authority of the Lord Jesus. 3 For this is the will of God, your sanctification; that is, that you abstain from sexual immorality; 4 that each of you know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honor, 5 not in lustful passion, like the Gentiles who do not know God; 6 and that no man transgress and defraud his brother in the matter because the Lord is the avenger in all these things, just as we also told you before and solemnly warned you. 7 For God has not called us for the purpose of impurity, but in sanctification. 8 So, he who rejects this is not rejecting man but the God who gives His Holy Spirit to you.

9 Now as to the love of the brethren, you have no need for anyone to write to you, for you yourselves are taught by God to love one another; 10 for indeed you do practice it toward all the brethren who are in all Macedonia. But we urge you, brethren, to excel still more, 11 and to make it your ambition to lead a quiet life and attend to your own business and work with your hands, just as we commanded you, 12 so that you will behave properly toward outsiders and not be in any need.

Those Who Died in Christ

13 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. 14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. 15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. 16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. 18 Therefore comfort one another with these words.

The Day of the Lord

5 Now as to the times and the epochs, brethren, you have no need of anything to be written to you. 2 For you yourselves know full well that the day of the Lord will come just like a thief in the night. 3 While they are saying, “Peace and safety!” then destruction will come upon them suddenly like labor pains upon a woman with child, and they will not escape. 4 But you, brethren, are not in darkness, that the day would overtake you like a thief; 5 for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness; 6 so then let us not sleep as others do, but let us be alert and sober. 7 For those who sleep do their sleeping at night, and those who get drunk get drunk at night. 8 But since we are of the day, let us be sober, having put on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet, the hope of salvation. 9 For God has not destined us for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 who died for us, so that whether we are awake or asleep, we will live together with Him. 11 Therefore encourage one another and build up one another, just as you also are doing.

Christian Conduct

12 But we request of you, brethren, that you appreciate those who diligently labor among you, and have charge over you in the Lord and give you instruction, 13 and that you esteem them very highly in love because of their work. Live in peace with one another. 14 We urge you, brethren, admonish the unruly, encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, be patient with everyone. 15 See that no one repays another with evil for evil, but always seek after that which is good for one another and for all people. 16 Rejoice always; 17 pray without ceasing; 18 in everything give thanks; for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus. 19 Do not quench the Spirit; 20 do not despise prophetic utterances. 21 But examine everything carefully; hold fast to that which is good; 22 abstain from every form of evil.

23 Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you entirely; and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved complete, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 24 Faithful is He who calls you, and He also will bring it to pass.

25 Brethren, pray for us.

26 Greet all the brethren with a holy kiss. 27 I adjure you by the Lord to have this letter read to all the brethren.

28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

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The 30 Descriptions of Jesus in Revelation 1-3

In Revelation 1:5-7 there are 7 descriptions of Jesus

1. Jesus (Rev. 1:5)
2. Christ (Rev. 1:5)
3. Faithful and true witness (Rev. 1:5; 3:7, 14)
4. Firstborn from the dead (Rev. 1:5) – similar to “the First” (Rev. 1:11, 17; 2:8; 22:13)
5. Ruler of the kings of the earth (Rev. 1:5), similar to King of kings (Rev. 19:16)
6. He who loved us and washed us and made us kings and priests (Rev. 1:5-6)
7. He is coming with clouds (Rev. 1:7; 3:11) – One who intervenes in history; He is not silent

In Revelation 1:10-18 there are 17 descriptions of Jesus

1. Loud voice, as of a trumpet (Rev. 1:10) similar to a faithful witness
2. His voice as the sound of many waters (Rev. 1:15)
3. I am the Alpha (Rev. 1:11; 22:13)
4. I am the Omega (Rev. 1:11; 22:13)
5. I am the First (Rev. 1:11, 17; 2:8; 22:13)
6. I am the Last (Rev. 1:11, 17; 2:8; 22:13)
7. In the midst of the seven lampstands (Rev. 1:13; 2:1)
8. Son of Man (Rev. 1:13) Dan. 7:13-14
9. Garment to the feet (high priest) and girded about the chest with a golden band (Rev. 1:13)
10. His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow (Rev. 1:14)
11. His eyes like a flame of fire (Rev. 1:14; 2:18)
12. His feet were like fine brass, as if refined in a furnace (Rev. 1:15; 2:18)
13. He had in His right hand seven stars (Rev. 1:16, 20; 2:1; 3:1)
14. Out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword (Rev. 1:16; 2:12)
15. His countenance was like the sun shining in its strength (Rev. 1:16)
16. I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. (Rev. 1:18; 2:8)
17. Has keys of the kingdom: I have the keys of Hades and of Death (Rev. 1:18; 3:7)

In Revelation 2-3 there are 18 descriptions of Jesus

1. Who holds the 7 stars in His right hand (Rev. 2:1; 3:1)
2. Who walks in the midst of the 7 golden lampstands (Rev. 2:1)
3. The First (Rev. 2:8)
4. The Last (Rev. 2:8)
5. Who was dead and came to life (Rev. 2:8)
6. He who has the sharp two-edged sword (Rev. 2:12, 16; also Rev. 1:16; 19:15, 21)
7. Eyes like a flame of fire (Rev. 2:18)
8. Feet like fine brass (Rev. 2:18)
9. Has the seven Spirits of God (Rev. 3:1)
10. He who has the key of David (Rev. 3:7)
11. The Faithful Witness (Rev. 3:14)
12. The Beginning of the creation of God (Rev. 3:14)

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2 Corinthians 5

New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Temporal and Eternal

5 For we know that if the earthly tent which is our house is torn down, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. 2 For indeed in this house we groan, longing to be clothed with our dwelling from heaven, 3 inasmuch as we, having put it on, will not be found naked. 4 For indeed while we are in this tent, we groan, being burdened, because we do not want to be unclothed but to be clothed, so that what is mortal will be swallowed up by life. 5 Now He who prepared us for this very purpose is God, who gave to us the Spirit as a pledge.

6 Therefore, being always of good courage, and knowing that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord— 7 for we walk by faith, not by sight— 8 we are of good courage, I say, and prefer rather to be absent from the body and to be at home with the Lord. 9 Therefore we also have as our ambition, whether at home or absent, to be pleasing to Him. 10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may be recompensed for his deeds in the body, according to what he has done, whether good or bad.

11 Therefore, knowing the fear of the Lord, we persuade men, but we are made manifest to God; and I hope that we are made manifest also in your consciences. 12 We are not again commending ourselves to you but are giving you an occasion to be proud of us, so that you will have an answer for those who take pride in appearance and not in heart. 13 For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God; if we are of sound mind, it is for you. 14 For the love of Christ controls us, having concluded this, that one died for all, therefore all died; 15 and He died for all, so that they who live might no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died and rose again on their behalf.

16 Therefore from now on we recognize no one according to the flesh; even though we have known Christ according to the flesh, yet now we know Him in this way no longer. 17 Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come. 18 Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation, 19 namely, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and He has committed to us the word of reconciliation.

20 Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were making an appeal through us; we beg you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God. 21 He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

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1 Corinthians 15

New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Fact of Christ’s Resurrection

15 Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, 2 by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain.

3 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve. 6 After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep; 7 then He appeared to James, then to all the apostles; 8 and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also. 9 For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. 10 But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me did not prove vain; but I labored even more than all of them, yet not I, but the grace of God with me. 11 Whether then it was I or they, so we preach and so you believed.

12 Now if Christ is preached, that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised; 14 and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain. 15 Moreover we are even found to be false witnesses of God, because we testified against God that He raised Christ, whom He did not raise, if in fact the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not raised, not even Christ has been raised; 17 and if Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins. 18 Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ have perished. 19 If we have hoped in Christ in this life only, we are of all men most to be pitied.

The Order of Resurrection

20 But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. 21 For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. 23 But each in his own order: Christ the first fruits, after that those who are Christ’s at His coming, 24 then comes the end, when He hands over the kingdom to the God and Father, when He has abolished all rule and all authority and power. 25 For He must reign until He has put all His enemies under His feet. 26 The last enemy that will be abolished is death. 27 For He has put all things in subjection under His feet. But when He says, “All things are put in subjection,” it is evident that He is excepted who put all things in subjection to Him. 28 When all things are subjected to Him, then the Son Himself also will be subjected to the One who subjected all things to Him, so that God may be all in all.

29 Otherwise, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why then are they baptized for them? 30 Why are we also in danger every hour? 31 I affirm, brethren, by the boasting in you which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily. 32 If from human motives I fought with wild beasts at Ephesus, what does it profit me? If the dead are not raised, let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die. 33 Do not be deceived: “Bad company corrupts good morals.” 34 Become sober-minded as you ought, and stop sinning; for some have no knowledge of God. I speak this to your shame.

35 But someone will say, “How are the dead raised? And with what kind of body do they come?” 36 You fool! That which you sow does not come to life unless it dies; 37 and that which you sow, you do not sow the body which is to be, but a bare grain, perhaps of wheat or of something else. 38 But God gives it a body just as He wished, and to each of the seeds a body of its own. 39 All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish. 40 There are also heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the glory of the heavenly is one, and the glory of the earthly is another. 41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for star differs from star in glory.

42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown a perishable body, it is raised an imperishable body; 43 it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 44 it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living soul.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual. 47 The first man is from the earth, earthy; the second man is from heaven. 48 As is the earthy, so also are those who are earthy; and as is the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly. 49 Just as we have borne the image of the earthy, we will also bear the image of the heavenly.

The Mystery of Resurrection

50 Now I say this, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable. 51 Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet; for the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53 For this perishable must put on the imperishable, and this mortal must put on immortality. 54 But when this perishable will have put on the imperishable, and this mortal will have put on immortality, then will come about the saying that is written, “Death is swallowed up in victory. 55 O death, where is your victory? O death, where is your sting?” 56 The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law; 57 but thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your toil is not in vain in the Lord.

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Matthew 25

New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Parable of Ten Virgins

25 “Then the kingdom of heaven will be comparable to ten virgins, who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2 Five of them were foolish, and five were prudent. 3 For when the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them, 4 but the prudent took oil in flasks along with their lamps. 5 Now while the bridegroom was delaying, they all got drowsy and began to sleep. 6 But at midnight there was a shout, ‘Behold, the bridegroom! Come out to meet him.’ 7 Then all those virgins rose and trimmed their lamps. 8 The foolish said to the prudent, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ 9 But the prudent answered, ‘No, there will not be enough for us and you too; go instead to the dealers and buy some for yourselves.’ 10 And while they were going away to make the purchase, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the wedding feast; and the door was shut. 11 Later the other virgins also came, saying, ‘Lord, lord, open up for us.’ 12 But he answered, ‘Truly I say to you, I do not know you.’ 13 Be on the alert then, for you do not know the day nor the hour.

Parable of the Talents

14 “For it is just like a man about to go on a journey, who called his own slaves and entrusted his possessions to them. 15 To one he gave five talents, to another, two, and to another, one, each according to his own ability; and he went on his journey. 16 Immediately the one who had received the five talents went and traded with them, and gained five more talents. 17 In the same manner the one who had received the two talents gained two more. 18 But he who received the one talent went away, and dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money.

19 “Now after a long time the master of those slaves *came and *settled accounts with them. 20 The one who had received the five talents came up and brought five more talents, saying, ‘Master, you entrusted five talents to me. See, I have gained five more talents.’ 21 His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful slave. You were faithful with a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’

22 “Also the one who had received the two talents came up and said, ‘Master, you entrusted two talents to me. See, I have gained two more talents.’ 23 His master said to him, ‘Well done, good and faithful slave. You were faithful with a few things, I will put you in charge of many things; enter into the joy of your master.’

24 “And the one also who had received the one talent came up and said, ‘Master, I knew you to be a hard man, reaping where you did not sow and gathering where you scattered no seed. 25 And I was afraid, and went away and hid your talent in the ground. See, you have what is yours.’

26 “But his master answered and said to him, ‘You wicked, lazy slave, you knew that I reap where I did not sow and gather where I scattered no seed. 27 Then you ought to have put my money in the bank, and on my arrival I would have received my money back with interest. 28 Therefore take away the talent from him, and give it to the one who has the ten talents.’

29 “For to everyone who has, more shall be given, and he will have an abundance; but from the one who does not have, even what he does have shall be taken away. 30 Throw out the worthless slave into the outer darkness; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

The Judgment

31 “But when the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then He will sit on His glorious throne. 32 All the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; 33 and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left.

34 “Then the King will say to those on His right, ‘Come, you who are blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35 For I was hungry, and you gave Me something to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me something to drink; I was a stranger, and you invited Me in; 36 naked, and you clothed Me; I was sick, and you visited Me; I was in prison, and you came to Me.’ 37 Then the righteous will answer Him, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry, and feed You, or thirsty, and give You something to drink? 38 And when did we see You a stranger, and invite You in, or naked, and clothe You? 39 When did we see You sick, or in prison, and come to You?’ 40 The King will answer and say to them, ‘Truly I say to you, to the extent that you did it to one of these brothers of Mine, even the least of them, you did it to Me.’

41 “Then He will also say to those on His left, ‘Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels; 42 for I was hungry, and you gave Me nothing to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me nothing to drink; 43 I was a stranger, and you did not invite Me in; naked, and you did not clothe Me; sick, and in prison, and you did not visit Me.’ 44 Then they themselves also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see You hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not take care of You?’ 45 Then He will answer them, ‘Truly I say to you, to the extent that you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.’ 46 These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life.”

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Matthew 24

Jesus’ main emphasis in these four parallel chapters is to describe
the Great Tribulation just before His Second Coming. He predicted the siege of Jerusalem and the destruction of
its temple (Mt. 24:2) by the Roman armies in 70 AD. This tragedy foreshadows the siege of Jerusalem at the
end of the age (Joel 3:2, 12; Zeph. 3:8; Zech. 12:2-3; 14:2; Rev. 16:14). Many details in these four chapters
make it clear, that Jesus’ words go far beyond the events of 70 AD to describe the events at the end of the age.
For example, Jesus describes the time of the Great Tribulation as the worst time in history (Mt. 24:21). God
shortens this time frame to three and a half years in order to keep the entire human race from being physically
killed (Mt. 24:22). Jesus said this hour would come as a snare upon the entire earth, not only Israel (Lk. 21:35).
The Great Tribulation will surpass all other crises in history, including the one million people who died in 70
AD and the fifty million who died in World War II. Neither 70 AD nor World War II threatened the existence
of the human race. Jesus said this time of tribulation would not happen until after we see the abomination of
desolation (Mt. 24:15), which includes a worldwide Antichrist worship system centered upon the image of the
Antichrist, and the mark of the beast (Rev. 13:13-18). None of these details were fulfilled in the Jewish revolt
against Rome (66-70 AD).

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End Times Essentials: The Kingdom Part 1

The Kingdom
“The Kingdom” is a concept that is essential to build the “outline of the puzzle” for Jesus’ end time plan. You can start filling in the rest of the picture after you have the pieces of the “border.”

The Kingdom Manifest:  Represented by Mountains
Definition: God’s desires manifesting in the physical realm IS the kingdom.
The Kingdom of God has come in waves and is still coming. It comes in terms of the significant mountains that are highlighted within the Bible:

  1. Mount Moriah – covenant with Abraham when he was willing to sacrifice Isaac.
  2. Mount Sinai – Most monumental event in Israel’s history – Mosaic/moral law – Revelation of God through the absolute moral law. Focus on moral law with allusions towards heart transformation. After this there was a focus on building the physical kingdom of Israel (a time of taking the land that God promised to them).
      • Why did God reveal the Moral Law as the first major revelation of Himself?  The author of this article has been a special education teacher for the past 11 years.  In the past, I have presented myself two different ways at the start of different school years to students who don’t know me at all: first, as a nice guy, super relational and understanding. Second, as a firm, yet loving teacher, laying down the rules and every nuance of the rules, including detailed consequences and rewards. The second way works out much, much better in the end.  Both children and adults want to know where the boundary lines are located in whatever environment they are in and when working under someone.
      • As the school year progresses, I give a lot of favor to the kids who “get it”, aka grasp the spirit/heart behind what atmosphere I want in my classroom.  I feel this is similar to how God favored David and Solomon so tremendously, because they “got it” in a way that almost no other did.  They had a culture that revolved around the presence of God and they prospered on their thrones.  They mirrored God’s eternal plan for the planet and didn’t even know it!  One day a Jewish King, Jesus, will come to reign and the presence of God will shine throughout the earth!
  3. Mount Zion – David and Solomon – foreshadows Jesus’ future reign.  Israel under David and Solomon was the height of the physical kingdom of Israel in history with God’s presence at the center. David’s heart and vision is ahead of His time in that He combines the physical kingdom and spiritual kingdom. Under David and Solomon’s kingdoms we get a glimpse into what the world will look like under Jesus’ future rule! Jesus is the SECOND DAVID (conquering king) and SECOND SOLOMON (peace-time reigning king that all nations stream to (Isaiah 2:1-5, Zechariah 8:20-23, I Kings 4:29-34, Jeremiah 23:5-8).
  4. Sermon on the Mount – Jesus is like a “second Moses” in this passage because here He reveals the deeper heart and attitudes behind the Law. Adds another layer of depth to the concept of kingdom.  Jesus teaches that the kingdom starts in people’s hearts and spreads outward from them to influence their surroundings.
  5. Mount Calvary – Jesus dies to cleanse us and provide access to the Father and opens the door to release the power of the Spirit onto the Church (both Jew and Gentile).
  6. Mount of Olives (Ascension) – Jesus promises power to live out the Law with the right heart inclined towards God as well as the power to do miracles. Tells disciples to divert their focus towards spreading His spiritual kingdom, and away from the physical kingdom of Israel (for now).
  7. NOW! – Kingdom is currently spreading throughout all corners the world and all parts of society, culture, government, etc. through Jesus manifesting His glory through the Church!
  8. Mount of Olives (Second Coming of Christ) – The Ultimate Culmination of the Kingdom of God – At the time of the end of the Gentiles coming to Him, He unites the spiritual kingdom with the physical kingdom and establishes His physical throne in Jerusalem and all the rest of Israel is saved.

The Jewish Concept of “The Kingdom”

  1. OT emphasis is primarily military salvation with allusions to spiritual salvation, heart transformation, etc.
  2. The height of Israel’s kingdom was David’s rule flowing into Solomon’s rule. That time period was the standard for “the kingdom” and the Golden Age of Israel’s historical reign as world power.
  3. OT view of the kingdom is seen here – Battle between Abijah, king of Judah, and Jeroboam, king of Israel. Abijah is following the Lord and says to Jeroboam and his armies: 2 Chronicles 13:8 “And now you plan to resist the kingdom of the LORD, which is in the hands of David’s descendants.”
  4. David says: “He has chosen my son Solomon to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.” – I Chron. 28
  5. In the time period context of when Jesus appeared on the scene, the emphasis of the Jewish populace was on the physical kingdom of Israel. The period of the Maccabees set the context of Jesus’ first coming.  The history of the Maccabean Revolt is interesting and worth studying in order to immerse yourself into understanding the Jewish zeal for a reestablished physical kingdom Israel free from outside control.  The history of Hanukkah is also linked to the Maccabean Revolt.
    a. History of the Maccabean Revolt
    b. Jesus had to refocus apostles after the resurrection because they were like the rest of Israel who were focused primarily on the physical kingdom of Israel.   Jesus also was just talking to his disciples for the previous 40 days concerning His future kingdom, so maybe they anticipated it to come shortly after His resurrection.  6 Then they gathered around him and asked him, “Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?” 7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” Acts 1:6-8