I . Review
- Humility above theology. Ephesians 4
- Scrutinize! Do not a accept anything until you see it for yourself.
- Jesus will establish a physical kingdom.
Jeremiah 23:5, Zechariah 14:3-9 , Revelation 5:9-10, Luke 1:32, Psalm 2:8
“Ask of Me, and I will give You The nations for Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth for Your possession.9 You shall break[a] them with a rod of iron; You shall dash them to pieces like a potter’s vessel.”
II. Study Terms
Exegesis – to lead out of
Eisegesis – to lead into
III. Common false statements about the book of Revelation
We need to confront the demonic lies that excuse believers from engaging the Book of revelation. Common statements I have heard regarding believers attitude toward the book.
- It can’t be understood
- It’s scary
- It’s fear mongering
- It’s out of touch
- It’s not for us to know
- I’m not qualified to know it
- I’m not comfortable with it
The book of revelation does not stir up fear. It frees us from fear.
IV. Understanding Biblical Systematic Truths
Paul and Romans
We must approach the book of revelation in a series of parts that lead to a primary truth, much like how many of the new testament books are written. All believers love Romans Chapter 8. “Therefore there is now no condemnation for those in Christ Jesus.” This is an amazing truth, but it is the final truth of a broader context. To fully understand the weight of “no condemnation” we must read and engage Romans 5, 6, 7 so that we can understand the finite details of how Paul systematically builds a case for the power of Gods grace on our lives. Otherwise we run the risk of allowing this powerful verse to be interpreted loosely without understanding the magnitude of the final truth.
John & Revelation
The book of revelation is written in the same systematic way, though it follows a broader storyline. Each part of the book leads our hearts to engage the next part of the book with confidence that we can fully trust Jesus leadership.
The book, like any other book must be read in the context of prayer. So many questions, we have to engage Jesus and ask him what he means, why is this information important? What do you want us to receive from this information?
V. 4 parts of the book
Part 1 John is called to prophesy
We get a glimpse into the heart of Jesus, in the way he represents himself. Each description of Jesus opens our hearts to trust Jesus leadership and agree with it. This part of the book prepares us to receive the next part in with humility.
Part 2. The seven letters to the churches
This is the clearest picture in the Bible of how Jesus views the church after his Resurrection. Jesus encourages and corrects the church. This is how Jesus wants the church to dwell together.
Church of Pergamos and the doctrine of the Nicolaitans
Part 3. The throne room of God
All of heaven agrees that Jesus is the rightful ruler of the earth and is worthy to take his place as Bridegroom, King & Judge
Part 4. Jesus Plan to establish his Kingdom on earth
Understanding the systematic crescendo of the book. Much like a movies. Movies Generally have 3 acts. If you watch the 3rd act by itself you wont have a context to understand the intensity of the ending.
Revelation much like many books of the New Testament are built one idea on top of another. Like Paul in Romans. We are often enthralled by the final truth, however Paul goes into great detail to explain the details of the truth that he is communicating in his letters. For our hearts to be prepared to receive the difficulty of the message of the book, we must be foundationally anchored into the identity of Jesus as described in Revelation 1-3 and Revelation 19
VI. The 30 descriptions of Jesus found in Revelation 1-3
You want to wear these three chapters out in your Bible. There is not a more detailed description of Jesus in all of scripture like that of Revelation 1-3
How to study the 30 descriptions
The descriptions of Jesus are like a gold nugget buried shallow in the dirt.
Pray, ask the Holy Spirit for revelation – This information takes tenacity and effort, you will not get this on the run.
Why we study the 30 descriptions of Jesus
In total there is close to 100 descriptions of Jesus, in chapters 2-3 there are 30 ways he is described. Each description contains a deeper message. Personally I like to view each description as the title of a book. This information is a deep well.
2 things the descriptions of Jesus do in every believer
1. Trust his leadership
2. A deeper level of adoration for Jesus
A. He walks among the lamp stands Revelation 1:13
Jesus interprets this symbol himself in Revelation 1:20. He walks amongst the churches, he is in their midst he is deeply invested in the 7 churches spiritual health.
B. Seven Stars in his hand Revelation 1:13
Again Jesus interprets this symbol himself in Revelation 1:20 The stars represent the seven angels who have influential authority over the seven churches. These angels fight on the behalf of the churches. Even today we have an angelic authority over the churches of Springfield.
C. One like a Son of Man Revelation 1:13
There is ONE prophecy in the old testament that refers to the Messiah as the “Son of Man” Daniel 7:13-14 Jesus referred to himself 85 times in the 4 gospels as the “Son of Man”. When Jesus used this title he was simply referring to himself as the Messiah that the Jews had been waiting for.
Son of Man is also a reference to his humanity, like Son of God would be a reference to his deity.
D. Fire in his eyes Revelation 1:14
God’s fire does two things.
1. It refines our hearts in holiness. We grow in our appreciation of his being holy and pure.
2. burns away that which is unholy.
When we feel disconnected from God, we must remember to continually bring our heart before the all consuming fire of the Lord. Jesus has eyes of fire because he sees us down to our core, what motivates and energizes our ambitions. His eyes of fire are personally invested in your holiness.
E. Feet of bronze Revelation 1:15
Refined with fire, speaks of his zeal for love and severity of Judgement.
The alter of burnt offering was made of bronze and fire was used to to consume the sacrifice, the fire represents the judgement of God. The bronze in the fire is then refined through the sacrifice.
Song of Songs 8:6-7, Isaiah 66:15-16
Jesus was refined by the fire of life. He walked perfect and blameless and was sacrificed as an innocent man, and bore the full Judgement of God. Therefor his feet were refined in the fire of sacrifice, because his walk was blameless.
F. Sword from his mouth
His words have the ability to pierce hearts of believers by calling them to whole heartedness (the 7 letters Revelation 2:3) and do battle against against wickedness and all unrighteousness. The sword of the mouth is his word.
We receive the seven letters because Jesus is surgically removing compromise from the heart of believers.
“Death and life are in the power of the tongue,“
2 Thessalonians 2:8
“And then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord will consume with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming.”
VII. These truths about Jesus help us resist offense
When we begin to understand the ways Jesus is describing himself in Revelation chapter 1 it protects our hearts from being offended by his actions in the rest of the book.
In Revelation 15, Revelation 19Some of Jesus most obvious attributes are mentioned again in the context of battle. Isaiah 63, Zechariah 14, Ezekiel 38-39 These attributes in these chapters begin to point back to the old testament and broaden our scope of Jesus overall plan.
VIII. Understanding the Consistency of Gods Judgement
Why must we discuss Gods Judgement so much?
Because we want to take an aggressive approach to understanding the ways of God so we don’t have to draw back in fear of the unknown.
Importance of the Old Testiment
404 verses of the book of Revelation, 278 make reference to old testament truths.
I liken it to string attached to one verse in Revelation and going to multiple chapters in the old testament. Reading the book of Revelation demands that we explore the greater council of scripture. When we discover evidence of the old testament in the book of Revelation it draws us to read all scripture with greater purpose in mind.
Exodus and Revelation
One of the largest parallels in the book of revelation to the old testament is the story of Exodus.
The final 14 Judgements of God in the book of Revelation parallel the 10 plagues of Egypt, however they are more severe. This is no accident. This truth gives believers confidence that God is faithful in his ways through ALL of history.
Judgements & Plagues
If we believe the Judgments of God in Revelation are allegorical than we also have to call into question the Judgements of Egypt in the book of Exodus, were they symbolism or were they literal events?
Plagues of Egypt
1. Water to Blood
3. Gnats or Lice
5. Livestock Diseased
7. Thunder and Hail
8. Locusts (Attack Crops)
10. Death of the Firstborn
Judgements of the Book of Revelation
1. Hail and fire
2. Sea to Blood
3. Contaminated Water
5. Locusts (Attack Men)
6. 1/3 of mankind killed
7. Lightning, Hail, Earthquake
1. Painful Soars (on those with the mark of the beast)
2. Sea and oceans become blood
3. All rivers and remaining water turn to blood
4. Sun Scorches the Earth
5. Darkness over the Beast Kingdom
6. Euphrates dries up (3 demonic frogs do miracles to gather the nations for the battle of Armageddon)
7. Global Earthquake, 100 pound hailstones
IX. Similarities of Jesus to Moses
There are 34 identifiable similarities to Jesus and Moses.
Deuteronomy 18:15 Moses says
“The Lord your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren.”
Pharoh tried to kill Moses as a baby
Herod Tried to Kill Jesus as a baby Matthew 2:16
Moses hid in Egypt as a child
Jesus hid in Egypt as a child Matthew 2:13
The Lord fed the Isrealites through Moses with Manna [Exodus 16:11-36]
Jesus fed the crowds Matthew 14:13-21
Micah 7:15 This verse is in the context of Israels final redemption at Jesus Hand
“As in the days when you came out of the land of Egypt, I will show them wonders.”
The wonders that he is comparing to are the plagues of Egypt and the wonders that led them out of captivity.
To understand Gods Ways, we must understand his nature.
Why is it important to understand these similarities between Moses and Jesus? These similarities are not by accident they are in the book to strengthen the our trust in Jesus leadership. We can trust his word will not return void. We can trust his future actions will be consistent with his actions in history, because he purposefully made them similar.
We can also view both the Exodus storyline and the end time story line and gain more insight and understanding to the broader context of what is to come. The similarities are almost too many to count.
We must understand the descriptions of Jesus on a deeper level so we do not become offended in his way. His judgements are not too harsh. Revelation 16:5-7