King David and the Son of David, Jesus
In Deuteronomy, Moses prophesies that there would be a prophet who would be a “Second Moses” to the people of Israel.
Jesus not only was a “Second Moses,” but also commonly referred to by the people as the “son of David.” We are going to take a look at what it means for Jesus to be the “son of David” and how that points to His Second Coming.
David is considered Israel’s most famous king. Even today among Jews and Christians David’s name is known and remembered for all he accomplished in the name of God. David was influential in expanding Israel’s territory, he defeated the surrounding enemies of Israel, and brought peace to Israel’s borders. Under David’s leadership Israel’s economy grew as he built relationships with the neighboring countries. Most notably, David’s fame took Israel from a fledgling group of separated tribes to a unified nation.
New Testament Usage of the Term “The Son of David”
In the NT, Jesus is seen as the “son of David” or the “root of David” on numerous occasions, mostly in Matthew, due to the fact that Matthew was writing his account of Jesus’ life for the Jews:
The book of Matthew picks up the “lineage of the Seed” with this verse that begins the whole book of Matthew:
-Matthew 1:1 – This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham.
-Matthew 1:20 – But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.
-Matthew 12:22 – Then they brought him a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute, and Jesus healed him, so that he could both talk and see. 23 All the people were astonished and said, “Could this be the Son of David?”
-Matthew 20 – 29 As Jesus and his disciples were leaving Jericho, a large crowd followed him.30 Two blind men were sitting by the roadside, and when they heard that Jesus was going by, they shouted, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us!”…34 Jesus had compassion on them and touched their eyes. Immediately they received their sight and followed him.
-Matthew 21:9 – The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted,
“Hosanna to the Son of David!”
“Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!”
“Hosanna in the highest heaven!”
-Matthew 21 – 15 But when the chief priests and the teachers of the law saw the wonderful things he did and the children shouting in the temple courts, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they were indignant.
–Mark 12:35 – And Jesus began to say, as He taught in the temple, “How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David?
–John 7:42 – Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the descendants of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?”
-Revelation 5:5 – Then one of the elders said to me, “Do not weep! See, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has triumphed. He is able to open the scroll and its seven seals.”
-Revelation 22:16 – “I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.” (Note: this is Jesus’ last reference to Himself in Scripture and He chooses to reveal Himself as the Root and Offspring of David.)
David the Warrior/Conqueror:
Under David and Solomon’s rule, Israel was at the height and “golden age” of its physical kingdom. David set the bar for being the ultimate “messiah,” and of course, Jesus did and will be THE MESSIAH. A list of the nations that he conquered can be found in 2 Samuel 8, 2 Samuel 5, and I Chronicles 18. He conquers the Philistines, the Moabites, the Edomites, the Ammonites, the Jebusites (in Jerusalem), and the Amalekites.
Psalm 83 is seen to be a prophetic song that describes the nations who will come against Israel:
1 O God, do not remain quiet;
Do not be silent and, O God, do not be still.
2 For behold, Your enemies make an uproar,
And those who hate You have exalted themselves.
3 They make shrewd plans against Your people,
And conspire together against Your treasured ones.
4 They have said, “Come, and let us wipe them out as a nation,
That the name of Israel be remembered no more.”
5 For they have conspired together with one mind;
Against You they make a covenant:
6 The tents of Edom*1* and the Ishmaelites,*2*
Moab*3* and the Hagrites;*4*
7 Gebal*5* and Ammon*6* and Amalek*7*,
Philistia*8* with the inhabitants of Tyre;*9*
8 Assyria*10* also has joined with them;
They have become a help to the children of Lot.
Locations of these nations today:
Edom – southern Jordan
Ishmaelites – Northwestern Saudi Arabia
Moab – Central Jordan
Hagarenes – Egypt
Ammon – northern Jordan
Amalek – Sinai Peninsula
Philistines – Gaza Strip
Tyre – Lebanon
Assyria – Syria, Iraq
David the Just King/Jesus the Just King:
2 Samuel 8:15 says, “So David reigned over all Israel; and David administered justice and righteousness for all his people.”
When Isaiah the prophet prophesied about Jesus he said, “For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the government will rest on his shoulders… To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness from then on and forevermore.” (Isa. 9:6-7). Jeremiah said, “Behold, the days are coming,” declares the LORD, “When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; and He will reign as king and act wisely and do justice and righteousness in the land.”
David the Shepherd/Jesus the Shepherd
Ezekiel 34:23 – And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
Micah 5:4-6 – He will stand and shepherd his flock
in the strength of the Lord,
in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God.
And they will live securely, for then his greatness
will reach to the ends of the earth.
5 And he will be our peace
when the Assyrians invade our land
and march through our fortresses.
We will raise against them seven shepherds,
even eight commanders,
6 who will rule the land of Assyria with the sword,
the land of Nimrod with drawn sword.
He will deliver us from the Assyrians
when they invade our land
and march across our borders.
David didn’t just shepherd his people politically, he also desired to shepherd his people toward knowing the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. As a result David sought to build a permanent house for the Lord and to bring the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem where the glory of the Lord may remain.
John 10:1-21 – Jesus the Good Shepherd (David was also a good shepherd) – vs. 11 – “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.” Jesus here is identifying Himself with these prophecies that originally were comparisons to David, who was considered by God to be a “good shepherd” to His people.
All of the previous concepts can be combined to form the concept of the Jewish Messiah, the Son of David. So when the Jews make reference to the Messiah, or the Son of David, this is what they are thinking.