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The Feasts

Feasts:  Proclaiming the First and Second Coming

One of the first things God the Father did while establishing the culture of Israel was to place seven significant events into the Jewish calendar ([biblegateway passage=”Leviticus 23″ display=”Leviticus 23″]).  These events were called feasts.  However some of these feasts were actually not feasts but fasts.  The list of feasts/events are broken up into two categories, the spring feasts and the fall feasts as follows:  Spring Feasts – The Passover (Erev Pasach), The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Pesach), The Feast of the First Fruits (Omer), The Feast of Pentecost (Shavuot).  Fall Feasts – The Day of Trumpets (Yom Teruah), The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), and the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkoth).  In the following sections there are descriptions of each feast and their significance as it pertains to Jesus’ first and second coming.

The 4 Spring Feasts (Point to Jesus’ First Coming):

  1. The Passover (Erev Pesach):  Starts the annual Jewish feast calendar.  Points towards the sacrificial lamb of the original Passover as well as the Ultimate Passover Lamb, Jesus, the lamb who was slain for the salvation of the world.
  1. The Feast of Unleavened Bread / Passover Meal (Pesach):  The unleavened bread, a type of sinless Jesus, is eaten.  Now we take this bread to remember Jesus.  At the Last Supper, Jesus took this bread and redefined its meaning for the new Jewish believers.  He said, “Do this now in remembrance of ME.”
  1. Feast of First Fruits (Omer): This was the day they were to wave the sheaf from a barley plant from the first / spring harvest. Jesus was the first fruits of the resurrection, (1 Cor 15:20, 23, 2 Tim 2:6-8). Significance of Feasts – Joel Richardson
  1. The Feast of Pentecost (Shavuot): This day celebrated the first of the wheat harvest with the offering of two wave loaves of leavened bread (Lev 23:17, 20). This feast foreshadowed the first major outpouring of the Holy Spirit, resulting in three thousand souls being added to the Church in one day (Acts 2:41). This early outpouring of the Holy Spirit will also be followed by another greater outpouring of the Holy Spirit near the end of time (Joel 2:28-29) to empower the proclamation of the Gospel of the Kingdom before the return of Jesus.  Shavu’ot, the Festival of Weeks, is the second of the three major festivals with both historical and agricultural significance (the other two are Passover and Sukkot). Agriculturally, it commemorates the time when the first fruits were harvested and brought to the Temple, and is known as Hag ha-Bikkurim (the Festival of the First Fruits). Historically, it celebrates the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai, and is also known as Hag Matan Torateinu (the Festival of the Giving of Our Torah).

The 3 Fall Feasts (Point to Jesus’ Second Coming):

The Day of Trumpets (Yom Teruah) – a call to repent. Preceded by 30 days of repentance and followed by 10 days of repentance.  Better known as Rosh Hashannah (the new year) in modern Judaism. But Yom Teruah isn’t really the ‘Jewish New Year,’ in fact, it falls on the first day of Etanim, (also known traditionally as Tishri) which is the seventh month in YHVH’s calendar. The real ‘new year’ is in Aviv (also known traditionally as Nisan) when Pesakh/Passover occurs.  Yom Teruah begins a ten-day period leading up to the holiest day of YHVH’s calendar, Yom Kippur — the “Day Of Atonement.” These ten days are called the ‘Days of Awe’ in modern Judaism. In fact, modern Judaism also includes the preceding month of Elul also as a time to prepare for the upcoming Fall moedim (appointed times). The sounding of the shofar on Yom Teruah is a wake-up blast — a reminder that the time is near for the Day of Atonement. It is time to teshuvah (repent, turn back to YHVH). Traditionally, these ten days are ones of heart searching and self examination — the shofar warns us we need to examine our lives and make amends with all those we have wronged in the previous year, and to ask forgiveness for any vows we may have broken. So a main theme of the Fall Holy Days is repentance.  In non-Messianic traditional Judaism it is believed that YHVH records our names in the Book of Life during the Fall festivals. Hence, a common greeting you might hear before and during Yom Teruah is “May you be inscribed (in the book of life).” Another popular greeting is ‘L’shana Tova’ which is a wish for a good new year. Traditional foods on Yom Teruah are ‘sweet’ – apples dipped in honey (and sweet dishes made with apples, honey, raisins, figs, sweetened carrots, and pomegranates, etc. are served). The traditional challah bread is made sweeter and shaped in a circle, symbolizing completeness and never-ending sweetness. The rabbinic idea of this ‘sweetness’ was to bring a sense of optimism to the festival, since the themes of repentance and atonement might have made this season a somber time of remorse alone. Since there are many trumpets mentioned in Scripture, it is unwise to assume every mention of a trumpet necessarily refers to Yom Teruah, especially when making eschatological predictions regarding the Holy Days, as we are also commanded to sound the trumpet on Yom Kippur (Lev 25:9) to signify the Jubilee year.

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur): This day, a complete fast, is the holiest day of the Biblical calendar. It is a day of repentance. Through repentance, reconciliation with God takes place. This is also the day that the corporate sins of the Jewish nation were laid upon a scapegoat that was cast outside of the camp into the wilderness. Atonement prophetically speaks of the day when the Jews mourn and repent concerning their rejection of Jesus who is foreshadowed in the scapegoat. Thus, the Day of Atonement also points to the day when all Israel will be saved (Romans 11) as they return to the LORD forevermore.  (Paul G’s notes:  The “mourning” that occurs throughout all of Israel in the Scriptures is this.)

Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkoth): An eight-day celebratory feast coinciding with the final harvest of the year. For seven days the people moved out of their homes and lived in shelters called “Sukkah.” It was decorated with branches cut from palm, willow and other trees. This last feast prophetically speaks of the future celebration regarding the final harvest of mankind at the end of the age and the commencement of the Millennium. Today we eat in a Sukkah looking forward to the day when God will dwell on earth with us. But even during the Millennium, we will continue to keep this festival (Zech 14) to celebrate the fact that God dwells with man and is our covering (Sukkah) through Jesus the Messiah.

The Festival of Sukkot begins on Tishri 15, the fifth day after Yom Kippur. It is quite a drastic transition, from one of the most solemn holidays in our year to one of the most joyous. Sukkot is so unreservedly joyful that it is commonly referred to in Jewish prayer and literature as Z’man Simchateinu , the Season of our Rejoicing.  

In honor of the holiday’s historical significance, we are commanded to dwell in temporary shelters, as our ancestors did in the wilderness. The temporary shelter is referred to as a sukkah (which is the singular form of the plural word “sukkot”). Like the word sukkot, it can be pronounced like Sue-KAH, or to rhyme with Book-a.

The sukkah is great fun for the children. Building the sukkah each year satisfies the common childhood fantasy of building a fort, and dwelling in the sukkah satisfies a child’s desire to camp out in the backyard. The commandment to “dwell” in a sukkah can be fulfilled by simply eating all of one’s meals there; however, if the weather, climate, and one’s health permit, one should spend as much time in the sukkah as possible, including sleeping in it.

Many Americans, upon seeing a decorated sukkah for the first time, remark on how much the sukkah (and the holiday generally) reminds them of Thanksgiving. This may not be entirely coincidental: I was taught that our American pilgrims, who originated the Thanksgiving holiday, borrowed the idea from Sukkot. The pilgrims were deeply religious people, living their lives in accordance with the Bible. When they were trying to find a way to express their thanks for their survival and for the harvest, they looked to the Bible for an appropriate way of celebrating and found the fall harvest festival of Sukkot. This is not the standard story taught in public schools today (that a Thanksgiving holiday is an ancient English pagan custom that the Pilgrims brought over), but that story doesn’t fit with the Pilgrims’ strict biblical views.

Summarizes the Feasts, In Order

Joel Richardson’s Article on the Feasts
Judaism 101 Site

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Revelation session 11: The trumpet judgments part 6 the seventh trumpet

Old Testament Rapture Verses

[biblegateway passage=”Psalm 50:3-6″]

Our God comes
    and will not be silent;
a fire devours before him,
    and around him a tempest rages.
He summons the heavens above,
    and the earth, that he may judge his people:
“Gather to me this consecrated people,
    who made a covenant with me by sacrifice.”
And the heavens proclaim his righteousness,
    for he is a God of justice.[a][b]

 Key Terms:Gather to me my faithful ones,

[biblegateway passage=” Isaiah 26:19-21″]

19 But your dead will live, Lord;
    their bodies will rise—
let those who dwell in the dust
    wake up and shout for joy—
your dew is like the dew of the morning;
    the earth will give birth to her dead.

20 Go, my people, enter your rooms
    and shut the doors behind you;
hide yourselves for a little while
    until his wrath has passed by.
21 See, the Lord is coming out of his dwelling
    to punish the people of the earth for their sins.
The earth will disclose the blood shed on it;
    the earth will conceal its slain no longer.

Key Terms: Dead shall live

[biblegateway passage=”Daniel 12:2″]

Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt.

Key Terms: Many of those who sleep shall awake.

New Testament Rapture Verses

[biblegateway passage=”1 Thessalonians 4:13-18″]

13 Brothers and sisters, we do not want you to be uninformed about those who sleep in death, so that you do not grieve like the rest of mankind, who have no hope. 14 For we believe that Jesus died and rose again, and so we believe that God will bring with Jesus those who have fallen asleep in him. 15 According to the Lord’s word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep. 16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever. 18 Therefore encourage one another with these words.

Key Terms: Trumpet, dead in Christ will rise first, Then we who are alive will rise

[biblegateway passage=”Matthew 24:29-31″]

29 “Immediately after the distress of those days

“‘the sun will be darkened,
    and the moon will not give its light;
the stars will fall from the sky,
    and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.’[a]

30 “Then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. And then all the peoples of the earth[b] will mourn when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory.[c] 31 And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.

Key Terms: Immediately after the tribulation,with power, gather together His elect, Trumpet

[biblegateway passage=”1 Corinthians 5:10″]
Key Terms: to be judgedreceive what we deserve

[biblegateway passage=”1 Corinthians 15:51-57″]

51 Listen, I tell you a mystery: We will not all sleep, but we will all be changed— 52 in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53 For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. 54 When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.”[a]

55 “Where, O death, is your victory?
    Where, O death, is your sting?”[b]

56 The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. 57 But thanks be to God! He gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Key Terms: Last Trumpet, Dead shall be raised incorruptible, We shall be changed

[biblegateway passage=”2 Thessalonians 2:1-5″]

Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the [a]coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering together to Him, that you not be quickly shaken from your [b]composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a [c]message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come. Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the [d]apostasy comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, who opposes and exalts himself above [e]every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being God. Do you not remember that while I was still with you, I was telling you these things?

Key Terms: Gathering together to him

[biblegateway passage=”Colossians 3:4″]

When Christ, who is your[a] life, appears, then you also will appear with him in glory.

Key Terms: with him in glory

[biblegateway passage=”Revelation 22:12-13″]

12 “Look, I am coming soon! My reward is with me, and I will give to each person according to what they have done. 13 I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End.

Key Terms: my Reward, to give everyone according to his work

[biblegateway passage=”Revelation 14:14-18″]

14 I looked, and there before me was a white cloud, and seated on the cloud was one like a son of man[a] with a crown of gold on his head and a sharp sickle in his hand. 15 Then another angel came out of the temple and called in a loud voice to him who was sitting on the cloud, “Take your sickle and reap, because the time to reap has come, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16 So he who was seated on the cloud swung his sickle over the earth, and the earth was harvested.

17 Another angel came out of the temple in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle. 18 Still another angel, who had charge of the fire, came from the altar and called in a loud voice to him who had the sharp sickle, “Take your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of grapes from the earth’s vine, because its grapes are ripe.”

Key Terms: white cloud, son of man, reap, harvest

[biblegateway passage=”Revelation 11″]
Key Terms: Comes in power, dead shall be judged, rewards prophets and saints


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Revelation session 9: The trumpet judgements part 4 parenthetical section part 2

The parenthetical sections

The parenthetical sections of the book of Revelation are thought to be a rewind telling a parallel part of the story line that has been previously described. The parenthetical sections explain certain things that are transpiring in, and between, the main order of events such as the seals, trumpets and bowls.

The parenthetical section found in [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 10 “] and [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 11”] are thought to have taken place during the first 6 trumpets, not sequential to the order of the trumpets themselves.

Review the parenthetical sections of the Book of Revelation

Parenthetical Section #1: Sealing for protection: physical and spiritual (Rev. 7:1-17)
Parenthetical Section #2: Prophetic Ministry: direction and power (Rev. 10:1-11:13)
Parenthetical Section #3: War in the Spirit: Antichrist and False Prophet (Rev. 12:1-14:20)
Parenthetical Section #4: Fall of Babylon (Rev. 17:1-19:10)
Parenthetical Section #5:Victory of the Bride (Rev. 21:9-22:5)

Mighty angel from heaven [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 10:1″]

Many scholars disagree on the identification of this angel. Some believe it is the post incarnate Christ others believe it is a mighty angel (Michael or Gabriel) as described.

I personally believe it is an angel and not the Christ. If this angel was the Christ it would be the only time in the new testament or post resurrection, that Jesus would appear as an angel and not as Christ himself.

See also [biblegateway passage=”Ezekiel 1:26-28″]

Descriptions of the Angel

  • Clothed with a cloud –
  • Rainbow on his head – Promise of Covenant
  • face like the sun – Presence of God
  • Feet like pillars of fire – Judgement

This angel in appearance and message is similar to the angel that appears in [biblegateway passage=”Daniel 10″]

The little book and the angel plants his feet [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 10:2″]

  • The Angel has a little book open in his hand
  • The Angel set his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the land

The Book
The book is open because it is being revealed and is available. I personally believe it is specifically being revealed to those who want it.

As believers, we should be prompted to ask the question. “What is in the book?” And I believe the Lord would say “I’m glad you asked.”

The Feet
I personally believe what the angel is stating by holding the little scroll with one foot in the sea and one foot on land that the message has authority over the entire created order both land and sea, both man and beast, both the natural and spiritual realms.

Notice the beast comes out of the sea in [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 13″] See more in [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 13:5″]

These two thoughts are speculative, we should not close our minds to the ideas the Holy Spirit would give us through study and prayer.

The Seven Thunders [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 10:3-4″]

Actions of the Angel

  • Cried out with a voice like when a lion roars
  • Utters Seven Thunders

John was commanded not to write down the what the Seven Thunders said. There is a lot of room to speculate, however we must remain cautious. What is important to note is that information was given to John specifically that he was not supposed to write down v4 “Seal up the things the Seven Thunders uttered and do not write them down”.

I personally believe The Lord wants us hungry for this information. Its compared to a movie series, where you have seen the first two movies but you are highly anticipating the 3rd movie. Or like a book series that you have read all the current books but are waiting for the author to finish the final book.

The point is the Lord wants us to anticipate with awe, wonder and excitement. There is more information available but it will not be revealed until the proper time. However, we can directly ask the Holy Spirit about these verses.

The Oath of the Angel [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 10:5-6″]

  • Raised his hand and declares an oath [biblegateway passage=”Daniel 12:7″], [biblegateway passage=”Deuteronomy 32:40″]
  • The angel emphasizes that God is creator of all things and there will no longer be delay. [biblegateway passage=”Genesis 1:1″], [biblegateway passage=”Nehemiah 9:6″],

Mystery of God will be finished  [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 10:7″]

In the days when the seventh angel is about to sound the trumpet the mystery of God will be finished as revealed to His servants the prophets.

What is the mystery? The mystery is 2 fold.
Check out this document on the mystery »

[biblegateway passage=”Isaiah 60-66″], [biblegateway passage=”Zechariah 14″], [biblegateway passage=”1 Kings 9:5″], [biblegateway passage=”Daniel 12″], [biblegateway passage=”Acts 1:6-7.”], [biblegateway passage=”Romans 16:25″],

John takes the book  [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 10:8″]

  • John is commanded to take the book from the angels hand.

I personally believe this is an invitation for us to take the message that God has delivered to us (the Bible). I’m not sure the book in the angels hand is the bible, however it is an important message. As believers we are to bear the same burden John does for the full council of scripture and eschatology.

John takes the book  [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 10:9-10″]

  • John says “Give me the book”.

Notice he does not ask for the book. He almost demands the book. He has bought into Gods purposes and is taking ownership of his part of the story.

  • Angel says “Take and Eat it; and it will make your stomach bitter but it will be sweet as honey in your mouth”.

Bitter in your stomach: John must bear the weight of the message and carry it with him. The message of Judgement, The wrath of God and the real agony of those who will be lost forever.

Sweet as honey in your mouth: The message that John was to carry was good news, so it was sweet on his lips and in his mouth. The message was hopeful and redemptive but the context of the message was to be fulfilled on the Lords terms, which is typically different from our own. Jesus was coming back to take full ownership of the earth and there are those who will reject him and the way he conducts himself, even in the church.

[biblegateway passage=”Ezekiel 2:8-10″], [biblegateway passage=”Ezekiel 3:1-12″], [biblegateway passage=”Jeremiah 15:16″]

John is commissioned  [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 10:11″]

“You must prophesy again about many peoples, tongues, and kings.”

At this point John is no longer being told a story, he is a part of it. He is being commission again like in [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1:11″]. He has eaten the scroll and is willing to carry the message regardless how bitter or burdensome the message is, and in the face of rejection and ridicule.

[biblegateway passage=”Ezekiel 37:9″]

I personally believe in this chapter the Lord is asking every believer to put themselves in Johns place. Are we willing to consume this message and then bring it forth to the our neighbors, neighborhoods, cities and nations?

The book is open for those who are hungry for it.

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End Times Essentials: The Covenants

Covenantal Basics

When studying the biblical covenants, one must be aware of the nature of these covenants, whether they be conditional or whether they are unconditional.  Whether a covenant is conditional or unconditional matters when it comes to studies of the end times.  Many incorrect conclusions are drawn by various parts of the Church today based upon a faulty understanding of the covenants.  One faulty conclusion that many denominations hold to is called fulfillment theology or replacement theology.  T

The Noahic Covenant

2400BC? – Eternity

Genesis 9:8-17
The Noahic Covenant applies to all of humanity and all living creatures and the earth. God promises to never again destroy the earth with a flood and then God sets a rainbow as a sign of this covenant. This covenant is not conditional, it is everlasting.

The Abraham Covenant

Genesis 12:2, 3, 6

2“I will make you into a great nation,
    and I will bless you;
I will make your name great,
    and you will be a blessing.
I will bless those who bless you,
    and whoever curses you I will curse;
and all peoples on earth
    will be blessed through you.”

6 “To your offspring I will give this land.”

Genesis 13:14-16

14 The Lord said to Abram after Lot had parted from him, “Look around from where you are, to the north and south, to the east and west. 15 All the land that you see I will give to you and your offspring forever. 16 I will make your offspring like the dust of the earth, so that if anyone could count the dust, then your offspring could be counted. 17 Go, walk through the length and breadth of the land, for I am giving it to you.”

Genesis 15:5-21He took him outside and said, “Look up at the sky and count the stars—if indeed you can count them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.” Abram believed the Lord, and he credited it to him as righteousness.

He also said to him, “I am the Lord, who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to take possession of it.”

But Abram said, “Sovereign Lord, how can I know that I will gain possession of it?”

So the Lord said to him, “Bring me a heifer, a goat and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon.”

10 Abram brought all these to him, cut them in two and arranged the halves opposite each other; the birds, however, he did not cut in half.11 Then birds of prey came down on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.

12 As the sun was setting, Abram fell into a deep sleep, and a thick and dreadful darkness came over him. 13 Then the Lord said to him, “Know for certain that for four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own and that they will be enslaved and mistreated there. 14 But I will punish the nation they serve as slaves, and afterward they will come out with great possessions. 15 You, however, will go to your ancestors in peace and be buried at a good old age. 16 In the fourth generation your descendants will come back here, for the sin of the Amorites has not yet reached its full measure.”

17 When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, a smoking firepot with a blazing torch appeared and passed between the pieces. 18 On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram and said, “To your descendants I give this land, from the Wadi[e] of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates— 19 the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 20 Hittites,Perizzites, Rephaites, 21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.”

In the previous passages, note that these promises were unconditional and not based on any action by Abraham.  The covenant was cut by God Himself and will be fulfilled by the faithfulness of God Himself.  

1943 BC? – Eternity

Genesis 12-17
The Abrahamic covenant has 3 distinct parts
He will be given Land
He will be made into a Great Nation
This Nation will be a blessing to all nations.

The Mosaic Covenant

In a way, the Abrahamic covenant can be contrasted with the Mosaic covenant.

Exodus 19-24

This covenant is conditional

The Davidic Covenant

The New (Jesus) Covenant