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The ministry of John and Jesus and Jesus’ temptation

Teaching 1 Luke 3-4
Teaching 2 John 1.19-4.42

Johns Ministry – Reveals Jesus new covenant ministry.

Luke3:1 In the 15th year of the reign Tiberius Cesar. This is important because Luke wanted to set the story of salvation history into world history. Luke was committed to accuracy.

History gives us two dates for the 15th Tiberius reign. AD 27 or AD 29. Johns Ministry Begins. Jesus Ministry begins 6months after.

Annis and Caiaphas. 2 high priest. Annis is Caiaphas Father in law. Rome took him out of office. But they Jews still observed Annis as high priest. Because you are considered high priest all your life.

John’s Preaching

v3 preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins

Repentance is the way to be brought into balance.
False repentance
True repentance

v4 John uses Isaiah 40:3-5 to describe Jesus New covenant Ministry.

Isaiah 40:3-5
A voice of one calling In the wilderness “prepare the way for the Lord; make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain. And the glory of the Lord will be revealed, and all people will see it together. For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”

Every valley shall be filled in. Our negative emotions such as anxiety, depression, self hatred, our low view of self. He’s going to fill it in.

Every Mountain brought low. Our negative emotions such as pride, arrogance, false confidence, independence from God.

v8 Therefore bear fruits in keeping with repentance,

Repentance: Shifting the leadership of our lives to Jesus. Intentionally seeing all situations through God’s eyes. We break agreement with wrong thinking, wrong values and wrong ideas. We don’t follow the crowd, or our own impulses we follow a man! Jesus! Who is leading us into greater depths of love and maturity by the Holy Spirit.

Then what shall we do?

The crowds then ask John what they must do. He gives 3 economic answers.

1. The crowds ask what shall we do v10-11. The man who has two tunics is to share with him who has none; and he who has food is to do likewise.
Jesus wants to have leadership over these small areas of our life.

2. The tax collectors ask, what shall we do? v12-13 And he said to them, “Collect no more than what you have been ordered to.Can be store clerk, IRS, business owners. If you have power over someones financial situation, don’t take more than what is righteous. It might be that nobody will know. But, it will matter in your secret life in God.

3. Some soldiers ask what shall we do? v14 Do not take money from anyone by force, or accuse anyone falsely, and be content with your wages.
If you are in position to open and shut doors for people. Don’t use that position to intimidate them.
Anyone in a position of authority. Husbands, Wives, Fathers, Mothers and Small group leader. Don’t use your position of power no matter how great or how small to hinder someones future or use them as leverage to advance your circumstances. Don’t make peoples life rough simply because you have the power to do so.

Jesus and his winnowing fork.

v15 The people are confused about who the Christ is. They wondered if John was the Christ.

John describes Jesus to the people.

v16 I baptize with water, but He is awesome! I’m not worthy to untie his sandals.

v16 He will baptize you with the Spirit and with Fire!

the purifying agent of Fire is meant to burn everything away that hinders Love. So only love remains. Jesus will lead us to more encounters with the Holy Spirit if we keep with repentance.

We want to connect with the man Jesus who will lead us into greater encounters with the Holy Spirit.

v17 He has a winnowing fork in his hand and he will thoroughly clear the threshing floor.

Jesus is going to use the winnowing fork. when he comes into his public ministry.
Jesus in his ministry is going to separate what is going on in the nations, and he is going to separate what is going on in us.

Jesus Baptism

v21 John then baptizes Jesus and there is a physical manifestation of the spirit descending on Jesus like a dove. The father then speaks audibly of his love and pleasure over his son.

John 1:33 tells us that John did not know Jesus was the Christ until the Spirit descended on him

v33 I did not recognize Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, ‘He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.’

Jesus Temptation

Luke 4:1-2 Jesus is lead by the spirit to be tempted by the devil.

This is an interesting paradox. The spirit leads us out of temptation, so this is a very unique and unusual situation.

Outside of the cross this is the most dramatic point in the gospels. All of human history hinges on the 40 day period.

The drama of Jesus temptation is that it is a replay of Adam in the Garden of Eden. Jesus is referred to as the second Adam. Adam had all the benefits and luxuries of the Garden of Eden, he also had a companion. Yet, he still folded under the pressure of the temptation.

Satan gives us a refresher on the first Adam v6 “I will give You all this domain and its glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish.

Jesus was NOT only tempted in 3 instances. v2 He was tempted for 40 days.

All 3 recorded temptations Jesus responds with scripture. All from the book of Deuteronomy. This points back Israel’s time in the wilderness after the Exodus. However the Jews were full of complaint, and betrayed the Lord. Jesus responds in faithfulness to God and his word.

Deut 8:3 It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone.

Deut 6:13 It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.’

Deut 6:16 You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.

Satan quotes

Psalm 91:11,12

For He will give His angels charge concerning you, To guard you in all your ways. They will bear you up in their hands, That you do not strike your foot against a stone.”

John Denies being the Christ.

The book of John opens with an intentional seven day cycle that is meant to tell us this is a new beginning the the first seven days of creation

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

Overview of Chapter 1-4

1. Jesus in Perea: Jesus comes out of the wilderness. John and Andrew follow him.
2. Jesus goes to Cana: On his way to Cana he picks up Philip and Nathanael. Goes to wedding changes water to wine.
3. Capernum: Jesus stays in Capernum for a few days.
4. Jesus goes into Jerusalem: Jesus goes to Jerusalem and clears the temple and does miracles.

v19 Day 1

John is baptizing after the baptism and temptation of Jesus

The religious leaders send a delegation to him to ask him who he was. The number of people following John is really increasing. The religious institution is getting more and more nervous because he is making stronger statements to bigger crowds.

John declares he is not the Christ, Elijah or the Prophet.

The religious leaders are referring to Deuteronomy 18:15

Deuteronomy 18:15
The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him.

When know this verse is describing Jesus, because Peter quotes this verse in Acts 3:22 when describing Jesus.

v29 Day 2

John 1:29
The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

Jesus comes to Perea from the wilderness temptation

John had been telling the people about Jesus for 6 weeks .

John 1:33
I did not recognize Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, ‘He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.’

v35 Day 3 Jesus acquires John, Andrew and Peter

John points out Jesus again. “Look, the Lamb of God”

Andrew and John leave John the baptist and follow Jesus.

Jesus asks the question v38″What do you want?” They want to stay with him as accustomed to Jewish culture. Disciples would go and stay with their Rabbi.

Jesus wants us to know what we want. He is teasing something out of us. We want, more money. More influence, more comfort. But Jesus wants us to want something higher than that.

v43 Day 4  – Jesus walks to Cana

Jesus is walking from Perea to Galilee also picks up Philip and Nathanael

V43 Jesus finds Philip
V45 From Philips perspective, they found Jesus. “We have found Him of whom Moses in the Law”

For the holy record Jesus found Philip.

Jesus sees Nathanael under the fig tree.

John2:1 Day 7 – Jesus turns water to wine

Jesus makes it back to Cana in time for the wedding. (3 day walk)

It was a custom in ancient Israel that a wedding would last an extended period time, typically seven days. The understanding was that the guests would bring generous gifts and the hosts of the wedding would provide ample food and drink for the entire celebration. To run out of food or wine was a massive failure that would have attached a social stigma to this family.

v2 and both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding.

Could Jesus be part of the problem? Shows up with 5 unexpected friends? Did they bring a gift? Did they eat their share of food and drink?

In part Jesus is responsible for this small crisis and Mary knows it and wants him to resolve the problem to absolve the family from any potential embarrassment.

Jesus turns the water to wine. He creates approximately $70,000 worth wine. I can imagine him looking at Mary afterward and saying, does this cover as the gift from me and my friends?

Jesus goes to Capernaum

Capernaum was Jesus headquarters. Jesus stays for a few days.

Jesus clears the Temple. 1st Passover

Jesus anointed by the spirit begins to live up Johns description of him. He is coming to separate the wheat from the chaff. Jesus first objective in his public ministry was to expose the corruption of the current religious system. This was not a random event. It was thought out and planned out. Jesus wanted the religious leaders to know he did not agree with their customs and religious systems. By clearing out the temple he was create a huge social wave that shed the religious leaders in a negative light.

2 Chronicles 6:32-33
“in order that all the peoples of the earth may know Your name, and fear You as do Your people Israel”

Malachi 3:1
“Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says the Lord of hosts.

Jesus offends the mind to reveal the heart. If you are really after me you wont be offended and cast me aside. If you love me you will navigate difficult circumstances without dumping me.

This is the way Jesus leads today. He will give us many reasons to cast him aside if we are not really in it for him, if we navigate our way through it we will experience deeper levels of love and commitment for him and for people.

Jesus cleanses the temple and the religious leaders ask “Whats your sign”

John 2:19
Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”

Matthew 12:39
But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet;

Destroy my body. I will raise from the dead and ascend to the right hand of the Father and you will bow before me. Thats your sign.

Jesus cleanses the temple for many reasons. One is to offend the mind to reveal the heart. Jesus is displaying that he is not coming to submit to anyone’s expectations or systems.

The real message is: You have false systems propping up the temple. The temple doesn’t need your systems.

Your life has many false systems propping you up. Be on alert, I am coming to your house to flip the tables. I’m coming to tear down your wrong values, wrong thinking and wrong ideas.Make straight the paths of the Lord”

Jesus does many miracles

John 2:23-25
many believed in His name, observing His signs which He was doing. But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, for He knew all men, and because He did not need anyone to testify concerning man, for He Himself knew what was in man.

I don’t need them to approve of my plans or leadership. Jesus, knew that the crows were excited about his miracles but they were not excited to be spiritually transformed.

Miracles get peoples attention and get people excited. And we imagine we are excited about Jesus when in reality we are excited about what Jesus does. And this is what Jesus wants to teas out of us. He doesnt want us to be devoted as long as he is doing stuff, but he wants our heart settled on devotion to him, weather he does want we want or think he should do or not.

Jesus first act (cleansing the temple) makes the national leadership angry at him. Disrupts the temple and the economics. and he does it on purpose.

“I’m not changing the way that I lead from my father. You have to change. I’m not changing my message or my ministry, you have to change.”

Then he heals a bunch of people and the common people are extremely excited.

The whole city is a buzz and an uproar. He troubled the leaders and blessed the common people.




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Overview: Life and Times of Jesus

We want to know and tell Jesus story because we love him.

The feel of his whole life. Its like a puzzle. If you have the front the box its easier to put context to each puzzle piece and see the context of how it fits in the overall picture.

A. Review

Matthew emphasizes Jesus as King.
Mark Emphasizes Jesus as a servant.
Luke emphasizes  Jesus humanity.
John emphasizes Jesus deity.

B. Problems with Harmonization of Gospels

The Harmony of the gospels. To demystify some of the contradictions and bring the 4 biographies of Jesus life into a unified story.

Many believers I have spoken to over the last 17yrs find it difficult to dedicate time to the Bible specifically the Gospels because they find the contradictions too difficult to overcome.

There are about 300 recorded steps that Jesus took, and when you see them in chronological order, it becomes a lot easier to work through what seems to be a contradiction. In many cases he would preach similar messages twice or do similar miracles in 2 different places and because the 2 accounts are similar its often assumed that neither account is accurate. However, the truth is that it is simply 2 different accounts of 2 different events.

Instance 1. Most obvious is the sermon on the mount and the sermon on the plain. One is found in Matthew 5 the other is Luke 6. Jesus says many of the same things in each sermon but some of the details are slightly different. He most likely preached this sermon in many places and said things slightly different in every instance.

Instance 2. The difference between matthew Mark

Matthew is not a chronological book.

The book of Matthew is organized according to themes. It has an introduction then 5 main parts that conclude with a large block of teaching from Jesus. Then the book concludes with the death and resurrection of Jesus.

Mark is a chronological book.

Mark is scribing the eyewitness account of Peter. The events in this book are the most part chronological, however this book is split into 3 major acts.
Act 1. Chapter 1-8 Jesus Ministry in Galilee – Who is Jesus?
Act 3. Chapter 11-16 Jesus final days in Jerusalem – Jesus proclaims he is the messiah.
Act 2. Chapter 8-10 Jesus travels from Galilee to Jerusalem – Jesus disciples are struggling to understand what it means for Jesus to be the messiah.

C. The Land

Israel at the time of Jesus was approximately 70miles wide and and 150miles in length. So imagine going from Springfield to Joplin is about 70 miles and then Springfield to Kansas City is about 160 miles. It’s roughly the same size.

Isreal was sectioned into five main areas. If know these 5 areas you will have a clearer picture of where Jesus is and what he is doing.

Galilee – Where most of Jesus ministry took place. Capernum is the major city of Galilee and was Jesus headquarters. So he would go out and plant seeds and stir things up and then go back to Capernum.

Samaria – Samaria is an area and city

Judea – Half of Judea is dessert. The wilderness of Judea. Cities included Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Emmaus, and Jericho

Perea – The area beyond the Jordan. This is where John the baptist was baptizing people.

Decapolis –  Deca means 10. Decapolis is a group of 10 predominately Greek cities. The Greeks and the Romans didn’t really like each other because the Romans defeated the Greeks. However, the Greeks in Decapolis formed a league to help Rome  resist Jewish uprisings. Jesus healed the sick and cast out demons, fed people. The Jews did not like Jesus blessing the greeks. Jesus could say “Love your enemies.”

Jordan River – It runs north-south for about 80 miles connecting the Sea of Galilee (in the north) and
the Dead Sea (in the south).

The Sea of Galilee – Has 3 different names 1.Sea of Galilee 2. the Lake of Gennesaret (Lk. 5:1) 3. Sea of Tiberias (Jn. 6:1; 21:1). This body of water is important because it is surrounded by 9 cities totaling around 15,000 people. There was a lot commercial traffic in this area making it a popular place for tax collectors and Roman soldiers

D. Government of Israel

Pontius Pilate – Roman governor and regional oversight – Reports to Rome. Lives in cesaria

Felix and Festus – Governors in the book of acts.

Romans lead through Jewish representatives.
Herod the Great – Jesus birth (37–4 BC).

Herod Antipas Jewish leader under Romain Authority (BC 4-AD 39).

Herod Agrippa Book of Acts (AD 37-44).

Sanhedrin Religious Leaders similar to the US senate. Made up of 70 elders. Reported to Rome and consistently taking advantage of the Jewish people

Scribes Devout to the word of God. Would teach and duplicate the scriptures. Biblical authorities in the Land.

Pharisees Pharisees arose out of the scribes. They were responsible to preserve the laws and to make sure that the laws that the Sanhedrin put in place were faithful to the word of God. They became overzealous and created many more laws in addition to the Biblical laws. We know God and the Bible so we know what is best for you. “Tradition of men” or “The tradition of the elders”

Sadducees – Came from the ranks of priests. Their were fewer Sadducees than Pharisees but they had more power because they had the most wealth and were in a position of high honor in society. They also occupied more positions in the Sanhedrin. They had a lot of political leverage because of this.

Did not believe in a physical resurrection or eternal judgment, causing quarrels within the ranks of the religious leaders. Paul takes advantage of this in Acts 23 when he stands on trial.

Essene’s – Lived in the desert and in self denial. They abandoned the city and the drama related the pharisees and saducees quarrels and manipulation. They went to the desert to live a life of devotion in prayer, fasting and the word. John the baptist grew up with the Essene.

Zealots – Patriotic party that hated Rome. They did not want a spiritual king messiah they wanted a conquering King messiah. They were not interested in Jesus as a high preist and a suffering servant. They read the bible correctly they unfortunately left a few pages and chapters out when they were reading. The Zealots would use violence, assassination for their political agenda. Jesus wanted nothing to do with their approach.

E. 10 Parts of Jesus Life – A snapshot of Jesus’ life.

Part 1. Jesus pre-existance and genealogy

Jesus fully chooses to identify with the human condition in his geneology. And even with his genealogy he speaks volumes about his character nature and leadership. Its not enough for us to know that he is an untreated God, but that he is also fully human and identifies with humans through his ancestry. Jesus is the only human who got to choose his family ancestry. He chooses Kings, Worshipers, Harlots, Liars, Murderers and weak and broken people to be in his family line. In Jewish culture your reputation and social standing were linked to your genealogy and who was in your family line.

Summary: Awesome mystery of the transcendent God that fully identifies with the human struggle and weakness, and he wants to partner with us.

Part 2. Jesus and John the Baptists birth to adulthood

This is about a 30 year period. There is a lot to consider in this second part as there are many applicable messages to our own life. It starts with with an increased level of supernatural activity. Prophetic promises, dreams angelic visitations. It’s and explosive way to begin the story of Jesus. When you consider that its been approximately 400 yrs since the last recorded prophetic word in Israel. The Suddenly of God breaks in and completely disrupts the lives of these 2 young women, Mary and Elizabeth. Then they have to wait almost a 30yr period before the promises of God really begin to move through the lives of Jesus and John the Baptist.

Part 3. John’s ministry and Jesus’ temptation

John grew up with the Essene’s in the wilderness. His life was set apart for holiness and purity. John is going to baptize Jesus. Jesus is not baptized for repentance but for righteousness sake and to identify with the Human condition. Baptism was another way to remember what the Lord did in the past (Egypt and the Red sea) and gave people an opportunity to identify with that moment in history to say he delivered him once and with my baptism I am declaring that I trust he will deliver us again.

Jesus temptation – Like the wilderness coming out of Egypt. Jesus quotes scripture 3 times while being confronted by Satan.

Summary: I’m with you, I am one of you and I understand the human struggle.

Part 4. Beginning of Jesus public ministry

Jesus meets Andrew, Peter, Phillip, Nathanael. It’s important to note that when he meets them, its just like any other day. There really is no big sign in the sky. He simply calls to them and they follow. This is important because many things happen in our life that seem rather insignificant but when you look back you see how the Lord orchestrated it for our Good. These four men had no idea that their names would be written on the foundation stones. So its important to be ready and willing at all times because on any day the Lord can break in even in the most mundane ways.

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says the Lord of hosts

Jesus cleanses the temple and this fulfills the prophecy in Malachi 3:1. The first cleansing was right at the beginning of his ministry. This is something that Jesus does quite often and on purpose. He offends our minds to reveal our hearts. Nobody really knows who Jesus is when he first cleanses the temple so in some ways this is his first major introduction. Jesus does this to make clear that his message is a challenging one and that he does not want to talk anyone into following him who does not want to at the heart level. If you love me you will navigate your way through this. But if you are not really interested in following me you will find a friend and a bible verse to dump me. And the real difficulty of this message is that these instances dont make Jesus nervous at all. If we are honest we know that Jesus has no problem coming to our house and flipping over our tables as well.

Part 5. Jesus moves ministry to Galilee

Jesus bases his ministry in Capernum for about 18 months. However, Capernum and Nazerath are going to reject him. This is where Jesus purposefully begins challenging the religious leaders with the sabbath controversies.

Part 6. Training of 12 Disciples

Jesus draws back his public ministry for about 6 months and he begins training the 12 apostles. This is approximately 1 year before the crucifixion. Jesus is putting the apostles on the fast track leadership training for the book of Acts.

Part 7. Jesus Ministry in Judea

Jesus moves his ministry to Judea in the south for approximately 3 months.  What Jesus is doing is in moving in on Jerusalem. The leaders think they are moving in on him but he has been spending the last 3 yrs sowing seeds and preparing the region for his announcement that he is the messiah.

Part 8. Ministry in Perea

Jesus spends about 3 months in Perea, doing miracles teaching parables.

Part 9. Jesus Enters Jerusalem as Messiah

Jesus goes into Jerusalem to announce that he is the messiah at the 4th passover of his public ministry. This period of time is about 1 week. Jesus confrontation with the religious leaders comes to a head and Jesus gives a 7 fold rebuke the pharisees.

Part 10. Jesus death, resurrection and accession.

This is the most important part of the story of Jesus. Because this is where Jesus full testimony and purpose comes into full purpose. People can argue about the inferiority or superiority of Christianity. But Jesus testimony isn’t about a good debate its about Justice. Christianity is the only religion in which a man claims to have lived a perfect life and then died for his enemies to redeem them. No other religion has that man or makes that claim. Jesus has asceneded to the right hand of the father and is now in the full power position. From here everything he ever taught and lived will be validated and vindicated.

Chronological summary of the New Testament Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John timeline)