Teaching 1 Luke 3-4
Teaching 2 John 1.19-4.42
Johns Ministry – Reveals Jesus new covenant ministry.
Luke3:1 In the 15th year of the reign Tiberius Cesar. This is important because Luke wanted to set the story of salvation history into world history. Luke was committed to accuracy.
History gives us two dates for the 15th Tiberius reign. AD 27 or AD 29. Johns Ministry Begins. Jesus Ministry begins 6months after.
Annis and Caiaphas. 2 high priest. Annis is Caiaphas Father in law. Rome took him out of office. But they Jews still observed Annis as high priest. Because you are considered high priest all your life.
v3 preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins
Repentance is the way to be brought into balance.
v4 John uses Isaiah 40:3-5 to describe Jesus New covenant Ministry.
A voice of one calling In the wilderness “prepare the way for the Lord; make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain. And the glory of the Lord will be revealed, and all people will see it together. For the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”
Every valley shall be filled in. Our negative emotions such as anxiety, depression, self hatred, our low view of self. He’s going to fill it in.
Every Mountain brought low. Our negative emotions such as pride, arrogance, false confidence, independence from God.
v8 Therefore bear fruits in keeping with repentance,
Repentance: Shifting the leadership of our lives to Jesus. Intentionally seeing all situations through God’s eyes. We break agreement with wrong thinking, wrong values and wrong ideas. We don’t follow the crowd, or our own impulses we follow a man! Jesus! Who is leading us into greater depths of love and maturity by the Holy Spirit.
Then what shall we do?
The crowds then ask John what they must do. He gives 3 economic answers.
1. The crowds ask what shall we do v10-11. The man who has two tunics is to share with him who has none; and he who has food is to do likewise.
Jesus wants to have leadership over these small areas of our life.
2. The tax collectors ask, what shall we do? v12-13 And he said to them, “Collect no more than what you have been ordered to.Can be store clerk, IRS, business owners. If you have power over someones financial situation, don’t take more than what is righteous. It might be that nobody will know. But, it will matter in your secret life in God.
3. Some soldiers ask what shall we do? v14 Do not take money from anyone by force, or accuse anyone falsely, and be content with your wages.
If you are in position to open and shut doors for people. Don’t use that position to intimidate them. Anyone in a position of authority. Husbands, Wives, Fathers, Mothers and Small group leader. Don’t use your position of power no matter how great or how small to hinder someones future or use them as leverage to advance your circumstances. Don’t make peoples life rough simply because you have the power to do so.
Jesus and his winnowing fork.
v15 The people are confused about who the Christ is. They wondered if John was the Christ.
John describes Jesus to the people.
v16 I baptize with water, but He is awesome! I’m not worthy to untie his sandals.
v16 He will baptize you with the Spirit and with Fire!
the purifying agent of Fire is meant to burn everything away that hinders Love. So only love remains. Jesus will lead us to more encounters with the Holy Spirit if we keep with repentance.
We want to connect with the man Jesus who will lead us into greater encounters with the Holy Spirit.
v17 He has a winnowing fork in his hand and he will thoroughly clear the threshing floor.
Jesus is going to use the winnowing fork. when he comes into his public ministry.
Jesus in his ministry is going to separate what is going on in the nations, and he is going to separate what is going on in us.
v21 John then baptizes Jesus and there is a physical manifestation of the spirit descending on Jesus like a dove. The father then speaks audibly of his love and pleasure over his son.
John 1:33 tells us that John did not know Jesus was the Christ until the Spirit descended on him
v33 I did not recognize Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, ‘He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.’
Luke 4:1-2 Jesus is lead by the spirit to be tempted by the devil.
This is an interesting paradox. The spirit leads us out of temptation, so this is a very unique and unusual situation.
Outside of the cross this is the most dramatic point in the gospels. All of human history hinges on the 40 day period.
The drama of Jesus temptation is that it is a replay of Adam in the Garden of Eden. Jesus is referred to as the second Adam. Adam had all the benefits and luxuries of the Garden of Eden, he also had a companion. Yet, he still folded under the pressure of the temptation.
Satan gives us a refresher on the first Adam v6 “I will give You all this domain and its glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish.
Jesus was NOT only tempted in 3 instances. v2 He was tempted for 40 days.
All 3 recorded temptations Jesus responds with scripture. All from the book of Deuteronomy. This points back Israel’s time in the wilderness after the Exodus. However the Jews were full of complaint, and betrayed the Lord. Jesus responds in faithfulness to God and his word.
Deut 8:3 It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone.
Deut 6:13 It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.’
Deut 6:16 You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.
“For He will give His angels charge concerning you, To guard you in all your ways. They will bear you up in their hands, That you do not strike your foot against a stone.”
John Denies being the Christ.
The book of John opens with an intentional seven day cycle that is meant to tell us this is a new beginning the the first seven days of creation
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Overview of Chapter 1-4
1. Jesus in Perea: Jesus comes out of the wilderness. John and Andrew follow him.
2. Jesus goes to Cana: On his way to Cana he picks up Philip and Nathanael. Goes to wedding changes water to wine.
3. Capernum: Jesus stays in Capernum for a few days.
4. Jesus goes into Jerusalem: Jesus goes to Jerusalem and clears the temple and does miracles.
v19 Day 1
John is baptizing after the baptism and temptation of Jesus
The religious leaders send a delegation to him to ask him who he was. The number of people following John is really increasing. The religious institution is getting more and more nervous because he is making stronger statements to bigger crowds.
John declares he is not the Christ, Elijah or the Prophet.
The religious leaders are referring to Deuteronomy 18:15
The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your countrymen, you shall listen to him.
When know this verse is describing Jesus, because Peter quotes this verse in Acts 3:22 when describing Jesus.
v29 Day 2
The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!
Jesus comes to Perea from the wilderness temptation
John had been telling the people about Jesus for 6 weeks .
I did not recognize Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, ‘He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.’
v35 Day 3 Jesus acquires John, Andrew and Peter
John points out Jesus again. “Look, the Lamb of God”
Andrew and John leave John the baptist and follow Jesus.
Jesus asks the question v38″What do you want?” They want to stay with him as accustomed to Jewish culture. Disciples would go and stay with their Rabbi.
Jesus wants us to know what we want. He is teasing something out of us. We want, more money. More influence, more comfort. But Jesus wants us to want something higher than that.
v43 Day 4 – Jesus walks to Cana
Jesus is walking from Perea to Galilee also picks up Philip and Nathanael
V43 Jesus finds Philip
V45 From Philips perspective, they found Jesus. “We have found Him of whom Moses in the Law”
For the holy record Jesus found Philip.
Jesus sees Nathanael under the fig tree.
John2:1 Day 7 – Jesus turns water to wine
Jesus makes it back to Cana in time for the wedding. (3 day walk)
It was a custom in ancient Israel that a wedding would last an extended period time, typically seven days. The understanding was that the guests would bring generous gifts and the hosts of the wedding would provide ample food and drink for the entire celebration. To run out of food or wine was a massive failure that would have attached a social stigma to this family.
v2 and both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding.
Could Jesus be part of the problem? Shows up with 5 unexpected friends? Did they bring a gift? Did they eat their share of food and drink?
In part Jesus is responsible for this small crisis and Mary knows it and wants him to resolve the problem to absolve the family from any potential embarrassment.
Jesus turns the water to wine. He creates approximately $70,000 worth wine. I can imagine him looking at Mary afterward and saying, does this cover as the gift from me and my friends?
Jesus goes to Capernaum
Capernaum was Jesus headquarters. Jesus stays for a few days.
Jesus clears the Temple. 1st Passover
Jesus anointed by the spirit begins to live up Johns description of him. He is coming to separate the wheat from the chaff. Jesus first objective in his public ministry was to expose the corruption of the current religious system. This was not a random event. It was thought out and planned out. Jesus wanted the religious leaders to know he did not agree with their customs and religious systems. By clearing out the temple he was create a huge social wave that shed the religious leaders in a negative light.
2 Chronicles 6:32-33
“in order that all the peoples of the earth may know Your name, and fear You as do Your people Israel”
“Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the messenger of the covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says the Lord of hosts.
Jesus offends the mind to reveal the heart. If you are really after me you wont be offended and cast me aside. If you love me you will navigate difficult circumstances without dumping me.
This is the way Jesus leads today. He will give us many reasons to cast him aside if we are not really in it for him, if we navigate our way through it we will experience deeper levels of love and commitment for him and for people.
Jesus cleanses the temple and the religious leaders ask “Whats your sign”
Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”
But He answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet;
Destroy my body. I will raise from the dead and ascend to the right hand of the Father and you will bow before me. Thats your sign.
Jesus cleanses the temple for many reasons. One is to offend the mind to reveal the heart. Jesus is displaying that he is not coming to submit to anyone’s expectations or systems.
The real message is: You have false systems propping up the temple. The temple doesn’t need your systems.
Your life has many false systems propping you up. Be on alert, I am coming to your house to flip the tables. I’m coming to tear down your wrong values, wrong thinking and wrong ideas. “Make straight the paths of the Lord”
Jesus does many miracles
many believed in His name, observing His signs which He was doing. But Jesus, on His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, for He knew all men, and because He did not need anyone to testify concerning man, for He Himself knew what was in man.
I don’t need them to approve of my plans or leadership. Jesus, knew that the crows were excited about his miracles but they were not excited to be spiritually transformed.
Miracles get peoples attention and get people excited. And we imagine we are excited about Jesus when in reality we are excited about what Jesus does. And this is what Jesus wants to teas out of us. He doesnt want us to be devoted as long as he is doing stuff, but he wants our heart settled on devotion to him, weather he does want we want or think he should do or not.
Jesus first act (cleansing the temple) makes the national leadership angry at him. Disrupts the temple and the economics. and he does it on purpose.
“I’m not changing the way that I lead from my father. You have to change. I’m not changing my message or my ministry, you have to change.”
Then he heals a bunch of people and the common people are extremely excited.
The whole city is a buzz and an uproar. He troubled the leaders and blessed the common people.