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David Brainerd

History

A Product of the 1st Great Awakening

Born April 20, 1718
Died October 9, 1747) Age 29
David Brainerd was an American missionary to the Native Americans who had a particularly fruitful ministry among the Delaware tribes of New Jersey. During his short life he suffered many difficulties. As a result, his biography has become a source of inspiration and encouragement to many Christians. Missionaries such as William Carey and Jim Elliot, and Brainerd’s the Second Great Awakening evangelist James Brainerd Taylor (1801–1829) have been motivated by the ministry of David Brainerd.

David Brainerd’s life mission: Traveled 15,000 miles on horseback to share the gospel with Native Americans in the New Jersey Area a 4 yr mission.

1737 – Prepares for Yale university Age 19

1739 – Accepts Jesus as Lord and Savior and begins to attend Yale University

1740 – Becomes ill and is forced to leave for recovery. Great awakening comes to the New England Area.

1740 – Fall Brainerd returns to Yale where George Whitfield, one of the Stimulators of the 1st great awakening preaches. Brainerd is filled with the Holy Spirit.

1742 – Brainerd is expelled from Yale for making spiritual criticisms of his tutor. The students of the School were embracing a move of God while the faculty were not. This created a rift between tutors and students.

1742 – Attempt to be reinstated to Yale was denied. Brainerd was presuaded to devote himself to missionary work among Native Americans.

1743 – 1746 Brainerd’s missionary work to the Native Americans.

A Fundamental belief

Intercession, prayer and fasting were the fuel of Revival and effective ministry. Preaching does very little, preaching birthed from prayer produces power on the listener.

Quotes on Prayer

“Give yourself to prayer, to reading and meditation on divine truths: strive to penetrate to the bottom of them and never be content with a superficial knowledge.”

Acts 6:4 …and will give our attention to prayer and the ministry of the word.”

Colossians 4:2-3 Devote yourselves to prayer, being watchful and thankful. And pray for us, too, that God may open a door for our message, so that we may proclaim the mystery of Christ, for which I am in chains.

Romans 12:12 Be joyful in hope, patient in affliction, faithful in prayer.

“When you cease from labor, fill up your time in reading, meditation, and prayer: and while your hands are laboring, let your heart be employed, as much as possible, in divine thoughts.”

John 17:17 Sanctify them by the truth; your word is truth.

“In prayer I was exceedingly enlarged, and my soul was as much drawn out as I ever remember it to have been in my life. I was in such anguish, and pleaded with so much earnestness and importunity, that when I rose from my knees I felt extremely weak and overcome; I could scarce walk straight; my joints were loosed; the sweat ran down my face and body; and nature seemed as if it would dissolve.”

1 Corinthians 2:3-5 I came to you in weakness with great fear and trembling. My message and my preaching were not with wise and persuasive words, but with a demonstration of the Spirit’s power, so that your faith might not rest on human wisdom, but on God’s power.

Phillipians 2:12 Therefore, my dear friends, as you have always obeyed—not only in my presence, but now much more in my absence—continue to work out your salvation with fear and trembling,

“Spent much time in prayer this morning, and enjoyed much sweetness. Felt insatiable longing after God much of the day. I wondered how poor souls do live that have no God. The world with all its enjoyment quite vanished. I see myself very helpless, but I have a blessed God to go to. I long exceedingly to be dissolved and to be with Christ, to behold His glory. Oh, my weak, weary soul longs to arrive at my Father’s house!”

Psalm 23:6 Surely your goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever.

Psalm 18:19 He brought me out into a spacious place; he rescued me because he delighted in me.

Additional Quotes

“Lord, let me make a difference for you that is utterly disproportionate to who I am.”

“Oh! one hour with God infinitely exceeds all the pleasures and delights of this lower world.”

“I longed to be a flame of fire continually glowing in the divine service and building up of Christ’s kingdom to my last and dying breath.”

“Whatever else you fail of, do not fail of the influence of the Holy Spirit; that is the only way you can handle the consciences of men.”

Johnathan Edwards who is considered the simulator of the revival known as the the 1st Great Awakening says this about David Brainerd

“Find preachers of David Brainerd’s spirit, and nothing can stand before them. Let us be followers of him, as he was of Christ, in absolute self-devotion, in total deadness to the world, and in fervent love to God and man.”

Jonathan Edwards on Brainerd’s Life

“a remarkable instance of true and eminent piety(reverence), in heart and practice.”

Testimony 1

1743-1744 The first 2 years of David’s ministry were mostly barren. David used an unbeliever that was a reported drunk as his interpreter for the Native Americans. His name was Tattamy. Tattamy and his wife were his first converts of David’s converts. David was widely accepted by Native Americans but they did not immediately accept the Gospel. David suffered many setbacks and hardships, yet continued to press into prayer and fasting.

Testimony 2

August 8 1745 the power of God came down on his little group of 65 as he preached in Crossweeksung. The sudden and unexpected power of God that moved on this tribe was followed by earnest prayers. Many genuine conversions took place. News traveled, and soon other Native Americans were coming to hear the young preacher. Members of the white community began to show up also, and get converted. On August 25, he baptized 25 of the Native Americans and the years of prayer and fasting were beginning to bear some fruit.

Testimony 3

When David preached a sermon among the people, the entire tribe would fall down on their faces and weep for hours because they were concerned that they had never known about their great sin towards the Lord before. They discovered fierce longings in their souls for Christ, to save them from the misery they felt and feared. The Spirit of God was at work in awakening the native’s hearts and calling them out of their sin and shame while revealing His great love for them.

“In the afternoon, they were returned to the place where I had usually preached among them, I again discoursed to them there. There were about fifty-five persons in all, about forty that were capable of attending divine service with understanding. I insisted upon 1 John 4:10, “Herein is love.” They seemed eager of hearing; but there appeared nothing very remarkable, except their attention, till near the close of my discourse; and then divine truths were attended with a surprising influence, and produced a great concern among them. There was scarce three in forty that could refrain from tears and bitter cries. They all, as one, seemed in an agony of soul to obtain an interest in Christ; and the more I discoursed of the love and compassion of God in sending his Son to suffer for the sins of men, and the more I invited them to come and partake of his love, the more their distress was aggravated, because they felt themselves unable to come. It was surprising to see how their hearts seemed to be pierced with the tender and melting invitations of the gospel when there was not a word of terror spoken to them.”

David Brainerd’s Legacy

“As long as I see any thing to be done for God, life is worth having: but oh, how vain and unworthy it is, to live for any lower end!”

David had an unwavering commitment to his assignment and did not allow a small impact or obstacles deviate him from his mission.

1747- David Brainerd dies of tuberculosis in the Care of Jonathan Edwards. At that time Edwards convinces David that his journal should be published for all to read. David’s memoirs would inspire generations to come to live a life fully abandoned to God. A life that carries the heart of revival.

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Daniel 8

Daniel 8 Bible Study Resources

Daniel Chapter 8 outline

V1-8 Medo Persia conquest

1 In the third year of the reign of King Belshazzar a vision appeared to me, Daniel, after that which appeared to me at the first.

  • The third year of Belshazzar is 539BC
  • The vision is to make known a future event. Daniel was the recipient of the vision.

2 And I saw in the vision; and when I saw, I was in Susa the citadel, which is in the province of Elam. And I saw in the vision, and I was at the Ulai canal.

  • Susa is approximately 290 miles east of Babylon. Located in modern day Iran. Daniel was either in Susa during the vision or he was translated there in the vision. The Modern city is called Shush. There are claims that this is where Daniel is buried in “The Tomb of Daniel”.
  • Susa is captured just before Babylon by the Persians and is the capital of the Persian empire.
  • The Story of Esther will take place in Susa approximately 60yrs after Daniels vision.
  • A citedal is a fortress. Typically the most fortified part of a city. Either the entire city is considered a citedal (high place) or the city has a citedal which Daniel is in that would be in close proximity to the Ulai River.
  • The Ulai River is east of the city of Susa. The modern name for this river is Karkheh River. At the time of the vision it is likely that a canal diverted the river through the city.
  • Daniel sees the vision in Susa because the Ulai river is the boarder of the Elam Kingdom. Daniel will see the vision of the defeat of the Persian kingdoms capitol on the Persian kingdoms boarder.

3 I raised my eyes and saw, and behold, a ram standing on the bank of the canal. It had two horns, and both horns were high, but one was higher than the other, and the higher one came up last.

  • Daniel lifted his head to see the vision
  • The Ram with the 2 horns represents the Medes and Persians who would defeat the Babylonians in 539 BC at King Cyrus hand.
  • The Horns were both high because they were both powerful. But one was more powerful than the other. The smaller horn represents the Medes and the larger horn represents the Persians. The Persian kingdom was a collection of kingdoms defeated by Cyrus that pledged their allegiance to him including King Darius of Media.

4 I saw the ram charging westward and northward and southward. No beast could stand before him, and there was no one who could rescue from his power. He did as he pleased and became great.

  • The Media and Persian army, also know as the Achaemenid empire conquered ancient Mesopotamia as far east a Lybia in Africa and Macedon just beyond turkey from Media Persia.
  • The Achaemenid empire swept from the east through Mesopotamia defeating all other kingdoms to the west.
  • “No Beast” The Kingdoms the ram conquers are considered beasts in the vision. Daniel 7, Revelation 12, 13, 17
  • The Achaemenid empire lasted approximately 200 yrs. The empire started with King Cyrus and ended under Darius III. 539BC – 330 BC

5 As I was considering, behold, a male goat came from the west across the face of the whole earth, without touching the ground. And the goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes.

  • Daniel was considering and beholding. to consider means to inspect the vision and information intently.
  • After the Achaemenid sweeps across mesopotamia from the east. Alexander the Great will sweep across from the west.
  • Without touching the ground is an indication of how quickly Alexander conquered ancient Mesopotamia. 10yrs 334BC – 323BC
  • The Goat had a single horn. Yet this single horn was more powerful than the 2 horns on the ram.

6 He came to the ram with the two horns, which I had seen standing on the bank of the canal, and he ran at him in his powerful wrath.

  • Alexander and his armies were more powerful than the Persians.

7 I saw him come close to the ram, and he was enraged against him and struck the ram and broke his two horns. And the ram had no power to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground and trampled on him. And there was no one who could rescue the ram from his power.

  • There is no King or Kingdom with the wisdom or power to rescue other Kingdoms and peoples than Jesus. Jesus is the only King capable of rescuing a defeated people.

8 Then the goat became exceedingly great, but when he was strong, the great horn was broken, and instead of it there came up four conspicuous horns toward the four winds of heaven.

9 Out of one of them came a little horn, which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the glorious land.

10 It grew great, even to the host of heaven. And some of the host and some of the stars it threw down to the ground and trampled on them.

11 It became great, even as great as the Prince of the host. And the regular burnt offering was taken away from him, and the place of his sanctuary was overthrown.

12 And a host will be given over to it together with the regular burnt offering because of transgression, and it will throw truth to the ground, and it will act and prosper.

13 Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to the one who spoke, “For how long is the vision concerning the regular burnt offering, the transgression that makes desolate, and the giving over of the sanctuary and host to be trampled underfoot?”

14 And he said to me, “For 2,300 evenings and mornings. Then the sanctuary shall be restored to its rightful state.”

15 When I, Daniel, had seen the vision, I sought to understand it. And behold, there stood before me one having the appearance of a man.

16 And I heard a man’s voice between the banks of the Ulai, and it called, “Gabriel, make this man understand the vision.”

17 So he came near where I stood. And when he came, I was frightened and fell on my face. But he said to me, “Understand, O son of man, that the vision is for the time of the end.”

18 And when he had spoken to me, I fell into a deep sleep with my face to the ground. But he touched me and made me stand up.

19 He said, “Behold, I will make known to you what shall be at the latter end of the indignation, for it refers to the appointed time of the end.

20 As for the ram that you saw with the two horns, these are the kings of Media and Persia.

21 And the goat is the king of Greece. And the great horn between his eyes is the first king.

22 As for the horn that was broken, in place of which four others arose, four kingdoms shall arise from his nation, but not with his power.

23 And at the latter end of their kingdom, when the transgressors have reached their limit, a king of bold face, one who understands riddles, shall arise.

24 His power shall be great—but not by his own power; and he shall cause fearful destruction and shall succeed in what he does, and destroy mighty men and the people who are the saints.

25 By his cunning he shall make deceit prosper under his hand, and in his own mind he shall become great. Without warning he shall destroy many. And he shall even rise up against the Prince of princes, and he shall be broken—but by no human hand.

26 The vision of the evenings and the mornings that has been told is true, but seal up the vision, for it refers to many days from now.”

27 And I, Daniel, was overcome and lay sick for some days. Then I rose and went about the king’s business, but I was appalled by the vision and did not understand it.

https://www.ancient.eu/Cyrus_the_Great/
https://www.thoughtco.com/longevity-of-the-persian-empire-112509
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Covid 19 Season

I have been hearing Zechariah 4

“Wake up! What do you see?”

1. We can’t ask for the removal of the virus without asking the Lord what what he wants to say about it and through it. This is going to require a conversation with the Lord that cannot include a Jeremiah 23 or Ezekiel 13 presumption of the people. Prophetic bravado is being exposed for its shallow impact and it’s low level encouragement.

2. What is our motive in prayer? Do we want the virus to dissipate so we can go back to life as usual? I believe the Lord is asking for a great change in the Church. When society acclimates after the intensity is over the Church needs to be watchful. He is waking us up, we can’t go back to sleep.

3. Sermon on the Mount lifestyle is critical right now. Jesus is wanting us to be compatible with the Kingdom. A people with clear voices, that exhorts society to holiness. The authority of these words have to be backed up with a foundation of exemplary life choices. This is the hour the Lord is asking us to break our agreement with criticism, retaliation and low level bitterness.

4. Jesus exhortation to get oil in Matthew 25 is a call for believers to refocus on Matthew 6 lifestyles of prayer and fasting. We are stuck in our homes right now for a reason. I believe it is so that we will.

” go into your room and shut the door and pray to your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.”

5. This is an opportunity to develop deeper relationships with our children and spouses. Life has a way of keeping us busier than we would like to admit. We have an opportunity to focus on our families and ask the Lord what he wants to do, what he wants to change about our lifestyles and schedules. When life goes back to “normal” will we honor the commitments we make in this season?

6. Honor our fathers and mothers.
Exodus 20:12 English Standard Version (ESV)

12 “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.

Ephesians 6:2-3 English Standard Version (ESV)

2 “Honor your father and mother” (this is the first commandment with a promise), 3 “that it may go well with you and that you may live long in the land.”

Matthew 10:21 New Living Translation
“A brother will betray his brother to death, a father will betray his own child, and children will rebel against their parents and cause them to be killed.


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Fulfilled prophetic oracles.

Babylon Will Rule Over Judah for 70 Years

Jeremiah 25:11-12. Written – 626 to 586 BC fulfilled – 609 BC to 539 BC (50 yrs)

“…This whole country will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years. But when the seventy years are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation, the land of the Babylonians, for their guilt,” declares the Lord, “and will make it desolate forever” (Jeremiah 25:11-12).

Babylon took Israel Captive specifically Jerusalem on 3 sieges. The final siege in 586 BC. The time from the first siege to their release from Babylon was 70yrs.

Babylon’s Gates Will Open for Cyrus

Isaiah 45:1 written 701 to 681 BC Fulfilled – 539 BC. (142 yrs?)

“This is what the Lord says to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I take hold of to subdue nations before him and to strip kings of their armor, to open doors before him so that gates will not be shut…”

Cyrus defeats Babylon in 539 BC by rerouting the Euphrates river to cross it and conquering the city.

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Ancient Babylon’s Kingdom Will Be Permanently Overthrown

Isaiah 13:19 Written – 701 to 681 BC Fulfilled – 539 BC. (142 yrs?)

“Babylon, the jewel of kingdoms, the glory of the Babylonians’ pride, will be overthrown by God like Sodom and Gomorrah” (Isaiah 13:19).

As the men of Sodom were eating and drinking, when their destruction came upon them, so Belshazzar, and his nobles, were feasting and reveling when the city was taken.

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Ancient Babylon Will Be Reduced to Swampland

Isaiah 14:23 Written – 701 to 681 BC Fulfilled – 539 BC. (142 yrs?)

“‘I will turn her into a place for owls and into swampland; I will sweep her with the broom of destruction,’ declares the Lord Almighty” (Isaiah 14:23).

Babylon being situated in a marshy ground, and by the river Euphrates; and when that river was turned by Cyrus , and afterwards its banks neglected, in course of time the water overflowed the place where the city was, and all about it, and so easily came to be what is here predicted it should.

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The Jews Will Survive Babylonian Rule and Return Home

Jeremiah 32:36-37 Written – 626 to 586 BC Fulfilled – 536 BC. (50yrs?)

“You are saying about this city, ‘By the sword, famine and plague it will be handed over to the king of Babylon’; but this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: I will surely gather them from all the lands where I banish them in my furious anger and great wrath; I will bring them back to this place and let them live in safety”

The city of Jerusalem; as they were at the end of the seventy years’ captivity; and when the promise was fulfilled, that they should purchase and possess fields and vineyards; and as they will likewise at the time of their conversion in the latter day.

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The Ninevites Will Be Drunk in Their Final Hours

In Nahum 1:10 Written- 614 BC Fulfilled – 612 BC (2yrs)

“They will be entangled among thorns and drunk from their wine; they will be consumed like dry stubble (Nahum 1:10).

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Nineveh Will Be Destroyed By Fire

Once again, in Nahum 3:15 (written around 614 BC) the prophet makes a prediction which ultimately did come true.

“There the fire will devour you; the sword will cut you down and, like grasshoppers, consume you…” (Nahum 3:15).

The prophet said that Nineveh would be damaged by fire. Archaeologists unearthed the site during the 1800s and found a layer of ash covering the ruins. According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica: “…Nineveh suffered a defeat from which it never recovered. Extensive traces of ash, representing the sack of the city by Babylonians, Scythians, and Medes in 612 BC, have been found in many parts of the Acropolis. After 612 BC the city ceased to be important…”

Tyre Will Be Attacked By Many Nations

In Ezekiel 26:3 (written between 587-586 BC) the prophet predicts the attacks on Tyre that occurred in 573 BC, 332 BC, and 1291 AD.

“Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am against you, O Tyre, and I will bring many nations against you, like the sea casting up its waves” (Ezekiel 26:3).

The prophet said that Tyre, the Phoenician Empire’s most powerful city, would be attacked by many nations, because of its treatment of Israel. At about the time that Ezekiel delivered this prophecy, Babylon had begun a 13 year attack on Tyre’s mainland. Later, in about 332 BC, Alexander the Great conquered the island of Tyre and brought an end to the Phoenician Empire. Then, after that, Tyre later fell again under the rule of the Romans, the Crusaders and the Moslems, who destroyed the city yet again, in 1291.


Tyre’s Stones, Timber and Soil Will Be Cast Into the Sea</h2 In a remarkable prediction, the prophet writes in Ezekiel 26:12 (written between 587-586 BC) that the stone, timber and soil of Tyre will be thrown into the sea. This was fulfilled in 333-332 BC. “They will plunder your wealth and loot your merchandise; they will break down your walls and demolish your fine houses and throw your stones, timber and rubble into the sea” (Ezekiel 26:12). The prophet said that Tyre’s stones, timber and soil would be thrown into the sea. That’s probably a fitting description of how Alexander the Great built a land bridge from the mainland to the island of Tyre when he attacked in 333-332 BC. It is believed that he took the rubble from Tyre’s mainland ruins and tossed it – stones, timber and soil – into the sea, to build the land bridge (which is still there). In Ezekiel 25:14 (written between 593-571 BC), the prophet predicts that the Jews will eventually have revenge against the Edomites. This was not fulfilled, however for over 400 years (until approximately 100 BC) “I will take vengeance on Edom by the hand of my people Israel, and they will deal with Edom in accordance with my anger and my wrath; they will know my vengeance’, declares the Sovereign Lord” (Ezekiel 25:14). Ezekiel said that the Jews would one day take vengeance on Edom, a nation that had often warred with the Jews. When Ezekiel delivered this prophecy, he and many other Jews were living as captives in Babylon. They didn’t have control of their own country, let alone anyone else’s. But, about 400 years later, Jews regained independence for Jerusalem and the surrounding area during the “Hasmonaean Period.” During this time, the Jewish priest-king John Hyrcanus I defeated the Edomites. According to the Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth Edition: “Edomite history was marked by continuous hostility and warfare with Jews… At the end of the second century B.C., they were subdued by Hasmonaean priest-king John Hyrcanus I…”

Edom Will Be Toppled and Humbled

In Jeremiah 49:16 (written sometime from 626 to about 586 BC) the prophet predicts that Edom will be toppled. This was fulfilled in approximately 100 BC:

“‘The terror you inspire and the pride of your heart have deceived you, you who live in the clefts of the rocks, who occupy the heights of the hill. Though you build your nest as high as the eagle’s, from there I will bring you down,’ declares the Lord” (Jeremiah 49:16).

Jeremiah said that Edom, a long-time enemy of Israel, would be destroyed. Edom’s capital city, Petra, was carved out of a mountain side and had great natural defenses. Nonetheless, it was destroyed and the kingdom of Edom no longer exists. Today, Petra is part of Jordan. The city was conquered by the Romans in the year 106 AD but flourished again shortly after that. But a rival city, Palmyra, eventually took most of the trade away and Petra began to decline. Moslems conquered Petra in the 7th Century and Crusaders conquered it in the 12th Century. Petra gradually fell into ruin.

The Greatest Old Testament Prophecy of All

There are literally hundreds of other fulfilled prophecies that we could describe here, but clearly one stand head and shoulders above the rest, and we really need to take a minute to describe it. While the Jews were certainly comforted by prophecies that predicted that their enemies would eventually be destroyed, there was a far more comforting prophecy that had been described in the Old Testament. It was a prophecy that predicted the coming of a Messiah, a savior who would deliver the Jews. While there we dozens of messianic prophecies in the Old Testament Scriptures, one of these was incredibly specific in its claims. As we examine this prophecy, we can confirm the supernatural and divine inspiration of the Bible.

The Coming of the Messiah

In 538 B.C. Daniel wrote the following bold prediction:

“So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks of years and sixty-two weeks of years” (Daniel 9:25).

In this prophecy, Daniel is claiming that there will be 69 weeks of years between the issuing of a decree to rebuild Jerusalem and the appearance of the Messiah. Now keep in mind that this bold prediction came 538 years before Christ was born.

Now let’s investigate a little history, OK? In 464 BC, Artaxerxes, a Persian king, ascended to the throne. His twentieth year as king would be 464 BC. Nehemiah, the Jewish cupbearer to King Artaxerxes, was deeply concerned with the reports about the ruined condition of Jerusalem which came about as the result of their being defeated (Nehemiah 1:1-4) and as a result, he petitioned the king:

“Send me to Judah, to the city of my fathers’ tombs, that I may rebuild it. So it pleased the king to send me” (Nehemiah 2:5-6).

Scripture then provides us with the exact date of this decree to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem. According to the Scriptures the decree is issued “in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king” (Nehemiah 2:1). The Jewish calendar month was Nisan, and since no day is given, it is reasonable to assume that the date would be understood as the first, the Jewish New Year’s Day. And, in the Julian calendar we presently use, the corresponding date would be March 5, 444 B.C. This was the day on which the decree was issued to restore and rebuild Jerusalem.

Now let’s remember this date, March 5, 444 B.C. and take a look at the appearance of the Messiah. You may recall that the Gospels tell us that Jesus, on numerous occasions, had forbidden his followers to make him known as “the Messiah”. He would frequently do miracles and tell the disciples not to tell anyone who had done the miracles because his “hour has not yet come” (John 2:4, 7:6). However, on March 30, 33 A.D., when he entered Jerusalem on a donkey, he rebuked the Pharisees’ protest and encouraged the whole multitude of his disciples as they shouted, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord”. And Jesus said, “If these become silent, the stones will cry out” (Luke 19:38-40). This was the day on which Jesus was publicly declared the Messiah.

Now let’s compare the date of the decree (March 5, 444 BC) with the date of Jesus’ declaration (March 30, 33 AD). Now before we begin, we need to clarify the fact that the Jewish prophetic year was composed of twelve 30 day months. In other words, the ancient evidence indicates that the Jewish prophetic year had 360 days, not 365 days. Since Daniel states 69 weeks of seven years each, and each year has 360 days, the equation is as follows: 69 x 7 x 360 = 173,880 days. In nothing more than a simple mathematical demonstration, the number of days in the period from March 5, 444 B.C. (the twentieth year of Artaxerxes) to March 30, 33 A.D. (the day Jesus entered Jerusalem on the donkey) can be determined at this point.

The time span from 444 B.C. to 33 A.D. is 476 years (remember that 1 B.C. to 1 A.D. is only one year). And if we multiply 476 years x 365.2421879 days per year (corrected for leap years), we get the result of 173,855 days. Now let’s add back the difference between March 5 and March 30 (25 days). What is our total? You guessed it, 173,880 days, exactly as Daniel predicted it.

https://www.biblestudytools.com/bible-study/topical-studies/the-old-testament-is-filled-with-fulfilled-prophecy-11652232.html

Isaiah foreshadowed the virgin birth of Jesus

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 7:14
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 5 BC

In Isaiah 7:14, the prophet Isaiah addresses the “house of David,” meaning the family and descendants of King David, and speaks of a virgin being pregnant with a child, and giving birth to the child. Isaiah says this in the context of it being a sign from God. He also says that the child would be referred to as “Immanuel,” which means, “God with us.”

The New Testament books of Matthew and Luke record details involving the birth of Jesus, who was born about 700 years after the time of Isaiah, saying that he was born of the virgin Mary and is the Son of God. Because he is the Son of God, Jesus literally can be referred to as “God with us.” 100 Prophecies: Ancient Biblical prophecies that foretold the futurePaperback $8.99 | Kindle $2.99Read 100 detailed explanations of how Bible prophecies accurately predicted the rise of a Messiah, the fall of ancient empires and the future of the world.Check it out on Amazon.com

Non-Christian scholars have challenged this interpretation. They say that the Hebrew word “almah,” which is the word that Christian Bibles often translate as “virgin,” actually means “young maiden” or “young woman.” It should be noted that the Old Testament uses the word to refer to young, unmarried women, and that unmarried women were culturally and religiously expected to be virgins. One example can be found in Genesis 24:43, where it speaks of a person being sought as a bride for Isaac.

Isaiah 7:14 (NIV):

Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.

The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem

Bible prophecy: Micah 5:1-2
Prophecy written: Sometime between 750-686 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 5 BC

In Micah 5:2, there is a prophecy that reveals that Bethlehem would be the birthplace of the Messiah.

As pointed out in the book, 100 Prophecies, by George Konig and Ray Konig: “The prophecy is effective in a simple way: It eliminates all other cities and towns throughout the world as a place in which the Messiah could be born. It narrows the possibilities to one tiny village just south of Jerusalem.”

And throughout the span of the past 27 centuries, from the days of the prophet Micah up through the present time, Bethlehem is credited as being the birthplace for only one person who is widely known throughout the world. And that person is Jesus Christ.

The New Testament books of Matthew and Luke name the town of Bethlehem as the birthplace of Jesus. Matthew 2:1-6 describes the birth of Jesus as the fulfillment of Micah’s prophecy.

In recent years, however, some non-believers have attempted to discredit Matthew’s interpretation of Micah 5:2 by claiming that the prophecy refers to a person named Bethlehem, not a town name Bethlehem. This claim has been widely circulated on the Internet by a college professor who describes himself as a former Christian minister.

The first problem with this claim appears in Micah 5:1. In that verse, the prophet establishes that he is speaking of Bethlehem the town, not Bethlehem the person, by setting up a context in which he contrasts the great city of Jerusalem with the humble town of Bethlehem.

A second problem with the claim is that there is also evidence outside of the Bible that shows that Micah 5:2 was regarded as a Messianic prophecy involving the town of Bethlehem. Here is an excerpt from the Jerusalem Talmud, which is a collection of Judaism-related writings completed about 1600 years ago:

“The King Messiah… from where does he come forth? From the royal city of Bethlehem in Judah.” – Jerusalem Talmud, Berakoth 5a.

Micah 5:1-2 (NIV):

1 Marshal your troops, O city of troops, for a siege is laid against us. They will strike Israel’s ruler on the cheek with a rod.

2 “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.”

The Messiah would come from the tribe of Judah

Bible prophecy: Genesis 49:10
Prophecy written: As early as 1400 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 5 BC

In Genesis 49:10, Jacob is blessing his 12 sons. This blessing was also a prophecy. Jacob told his son Judah that his descendants would be rulers and that one of his descendants will be an ultimate ruler. According to the NIV translation: “The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his.” Christians acknowledge that this is a reference to Jesus Christ, whose kingdom will have no end. Jesus was born about 2000 years after Jacob died. Jesus’ ancestry is traced back to Jacob’s son, Judah, in Luke 3:23-34 and in Matthew 1:1-16. Today, there are some estimates that claim that there are as many as 2 billion Christians worldwide who follow the teachings of Jesus.

Genesis 49:10 (NIV):

The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his.

Nations would seek the counsel of Jesse’s descendant

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 11:1-10
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: By the birth of Jesus about 2000 years ago

In Isaiah 11:1-10, the prophet Isaiah speaks of a ruler who would be a descendant of Jesse. Jesse was the father of ancient Israel’s great King David. This descendant would rule with true justice and true faith, and he would establish true peace. This peace would be so great that even wild animals would be able to lie down next to one another. This descendant would also become a standard for people throughout the world. And, this descendant would be sought by people throughout the world.

This is an important prophecy for Christians because we believe that Jesus is the fulfillment of this Old Testament promise. Jesus, as explained in the New Testament, is a descendant of Jesse. And Jesus has become a standard for peoples throughout the world. In fact, Christianity is the first religion to spread to every country in the world. The words of Jesus, which speak of true justice, true faith and true peace, have been taught to people in every country in the world. We Christians also believe that Jesus will return in the future to establish a kingdom on earth, a kingdom of justice and righteousness.

There is an ancient Hebrew text, called the Targum Jonathan, in which Rabbis sought to interpret passages of the Old Testament scriptures. The Targum Jonathan shows that at least some of the ancient Rabbis believed that the message contained in Isaiah 11:1-10 was a reference to a Messiah. Here is an excerpt from the Targum Jonathan: “And there shall go forth a King from the Sons of Jesse, and the Messiah shall be anointed from his children’s children.” Jesse was the father of King David. But the Messiah would be a descendant of Jesse, specifically through his son David.

Isaiah 11:1-10 (NIV):

1 A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.

2 The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him– the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD–

3 and he will delight in the fear of the LORD. He will not judge by what he sees with his eyes, or decide by what he hears with his ears;

4 but with righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. He will strike the earth with the rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he will slay the wicked.

5 Righteousness will be his belt and faithfulness the sash around his waist.

6 The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the yearling[1] together; and a little child will lead them.

7 The cow will feed with the bear, their young will lie down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox.

8 The infant will play near the hole of the cobra, and the young child put his hand into the viper’s nest.

9 They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.

10 In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his place of rest will be glorious.

NIV Footnote: [1] Hebrew; Septuagint lion will feed

The Messiah would be a descendant of King David

Bible prophecy: Jeremiah 23:5
Prophecy written: Sometime between 626-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: By the birth of Jesus about 2000 years ago

In Jeremiah 23:5, as well as in other Bible prophecies, we are told that the Messiah would be a descendant of King David.

The New Testament books of Matthew and Luke trace back Jesus’ genealogy to King David. (Some scholars believe that the genealogy in Matthew is Jesus’ legal line, through his adoptive father, Joseph, and that the genealogy in Luke is Jesus’ bloodline through Mary).

Jeremiah 23:5 (NIV):

“The days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land.

The Messiah would be preceded by a messenger

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 40:1-5,9
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 27 AD

In Isaiah 40:3, the prophet writes about a person in the desert who prepares the way for the Lord. This prophecy foreshadowed the life of John the Baptist, who played an important role in preparing the groundwork for the ministry of Jesus Christ. Jesus was born shortly after John the Baptist about 2000 years ago. The book of Matthew records many events of the life of Jesus and of John the Baptist. In Matthew 3:1-2, it says: “In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the Desert of Judea, and saying, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.”

Isaiah 40:1-5,9 (NIV):

1 Comfort, comfort my people, says your God.

2 Speak tenderly to Jerusalem, and proclaim to her that her hard service has been completed, that her sin has been paid for, that she has received from the LORD’s hand double for all her sins.

3 A voice of one calling: “In the desert prepare the way for the LORD; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God.

4 Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain.

5 And the glory of the LORD will be revealed, and all mankind together will see it. For the mouth of the LORD has spoken.”

9 . . . say to the towns of Judah, “Here is your God!”

He would perform miracles

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 35:4-6
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 27-31 AD

Isaiah, who lived about 2700 years ago, prophesied that there would come a time when God would arrive and heal the eyes of the blind, the ears of the deaf, the mobility of the lame, and the voice of the mute.

Jesus did each of these things in a spiritual sense, in offering truth and salvation, and in a literal sense by performing miracles of healing.

The web site at About-Jesus.org provides details about 34 miracles performed by Jesus.

Isaiah 35:4-6 (NIV):

4 say to those with fearful hearts, “Be strong, do not fear; your God will come, he will come with vengeance; with divine retribution he will come to save you.”

5 Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped.

6 Then will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue shout for joy. Water will gush forth in the wilderness and streams in the desert.

Isaiah foreshadows the ministry of Jesus

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 61:1-2
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 27-31 AD

In Isaiah 61, there are passages that speak of an anointed one who preaches the good news to the poor, frees the people who are imprisoned, heals the blind and releases the oppressed. About 700 years after the time of Isaiah, Jesus relates these Bible passages to Himself:

Luke 4:14-21 (NIV translation):

14 Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside.

15 He taught in their synagogues, and everyone praised him.

16 He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. And he stood up to read.

17 The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:

18 “The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed,

19 to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.”

20 Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him,

21 and he began by saying to them, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

At this point during the ministry of Jesus, he had already been preaching the good news to the poor and he had already healed many people of various afflictions, including blindness, both in a physical sense and in a spiritual sense.

But Jesus had not yet begun the other part of his mission, which includes a “day of vengeance,” which Bible scholar John Gill explains as “the day of vengeance of our God; when vengeance was taken on sin, in the person of Christ; when he destroyed the works of the devil, … and who will take vengeance on antichrist at his spiritual coming, and upon all the wicked at the day of judgment.”

With this in mind, it is interesting that Jesus stopped reading Isaiah 61 mid way through verse 2, immediately before the mention of a “day of vengeance.”

Isaiah 61:1-2 (NIV):

1 The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners,[1]

2 to proclaim the year of the LORD’s favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn,

NIV Footnote: [1] Instead of “prisoners,” the Greek Septuagint renders the word as “blind.”

God promised another prophet like Moses

Bible prophecy: Deuteronomy 18:15-18
Prophecy written: As early as 1400 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 5 BC to 31 AD

In Deuteronomy 18:15-18, Moses told the Jews that God would raise up another prophet like Moses. After Moses, there was a succession of prophets, including Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and finally Jesus Christ. Jesus was very much like Moses. Both were delivered from death as infants. Both were prophets. Both performed miracles. Both were leaders. And both were intermediaries between God and man. Moses offered to die, if necessary, if God would forgive the sins of the people that Moses was leading (see Exodus 32:30-33). Jesus did die for our sins, so that people could enter the Kingdom of Heaven. No other prophet is as much like Moses than Jesus.

Deuteronomy 18:15-18 (NIV):

15 The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers. You must listen to him.

16 For this is what you asked of the LORD your God at Horeb on the day of the assembly when you said, “Let us not hear the voice of the LORD our God nor see this great fire anymore, or we will die.”

17 The LORD said to me: “What they say is good.

18 I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him.

The Messiah would enter Jerusalem while riding on a donkey

Bible prophecy: Zechariah 9:9
Prophecy written: Between 520 and 518 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In Zechariah 9:9, the prophet speaks of a future king presenting himself to Jerusalem while riding on a humble donkey. This foreshadowed something that happened about 500 years later. As explained in Luke 19:35-37, Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey and presented himself as the Messiah, the King.

Alfred Edersheim, a Christian Jew who lived during the 1800s, studied ancient Rabbinical writings, and said that Zechariah 9:9 was often interpreted as being about a Messiah. In his book, The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, Edersheim wrote: “The Messianic application of this verse in all its parts has already been repeatedly indicated. We may here add that there are many traditions about this donkey on which the Messiah is to ride; and so firm was the belief in it, that, according to the Talmud, ‘if anyone saw a donkey in his dreams, he will see salvation’ (Ber 56 b).”

The name “Jesus,” means “salvation” in Hebrew.

Zechariah 9:9 (NIV):

Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

Jesus proclaims that he is the Messiah

Bible prophecy: John 4:19-26
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: Since the time of Jesus

In Matthew 5:17, John 4:25-26, and in other verses, Jesus proclaims that he was the Messiah promised by the Old Testament prophets. Jesus remains the first and only person in history to be taken seriously by people throughout the world as being the Messiah that so many of the Bible’s prophets had prophesied about.

John 4:19-26 (NIV):

19 “Sir,” the woman said, “I can see that you are a prophet.

20 Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.”

21 Jesus declared, “Believe me, woman, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.

22 You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews.

23 Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks.

24 God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in spirit and in truth.”

25 The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ) “is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.”

26 Then Jesus declared, “I who speak to you am he.”

There would be a son called God

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 9:6-7
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 5 BC

In Isaiah 9:6-7, which was written about 700 years before the time of Jesus, the prophet Isaiah speaks of a son who would be called “Mighty God” and “Eternal Father.” Isaiah also indicates that this son would reign on the throne of King David and that this reign would be everlasting. King David is the great, God-obeying king who reigned from about 1050 BC to about 1010 BC. God had promised King David that the reign from David’s throne would be everlasting. Christians acknowledge that this promise is fulfilled in Jesus Christ, who is a descendant of King David, and whose reign is everlasting. Today, the teachings of Jesus govern the lives of as many as an estimated 2 billion Christians worldwide. The New Testament also says that Jesus will return in the future and that his kingdom will have no end.

Isaiah 9:6-7 (NIV):

6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.

7 Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this.

The Messiah would be rejected

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 53:1-3
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In Isaiah 52:13-53:12, the prophet foreshadowed the life and mission of Jesus, who was born about 700 years later. In Isaiah 53:3, the prophet said that a servant of God would be rejected and despised. Jesus was indeed rejected by many people living in the land of Israel, and He was later crucified by the Romans.

It has been claimed by some commentators that Isaiah 52:13-53:12 actually refers to Israel as a nation and not to an individual Messiah. But, there are several commentaries written by rabbis that confirm that the prophecy refers to a Messiah and not to a nation. Several examples of these writings are listed in the book, The Fifty-Third Chapter of Isaiah According to the Jewish Interpreters, edited by S.R. Driver and A.D. Neubauer. Here are two examples from that book:

“Our Rabbis with one voice accept and affirm the opinion that the prophet is speaking of the King Messiah, and we shall ourselves also adhere to the same view.” – Rabbi Moshe Alshekh, 16th century.

“But he was wounded for our transgressions, bruised for our iniquities, the meaning of which is that since the Messiah bears our iniquities which produce the effect of his being bruised, it follows that whoso will not admit that the Messiah thus suffers for our iniquities, must endure and suffer for them himself.” – Rabbi Eliyyah de Vidas, who wrote during the 16th century.

Isaiah 53:1-3 (NIV):

1 Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?

2 He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him.

3 He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

Daniel predicted when an anointed one would be rejected

Bible prophecy: Daniel 9:24-26
Prophecy written: About 530 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

The prophet Daniel was Jewish exile who lived during the time of the Babylonian Captivity, about 500 years before the birth of Jesus. During Daniel’s lifetime, the Babylonians had destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple and had taken many Jews as captives to Babylon. Daniel, while in Babylon, delivered a prophecy of what would happen during the centuries that followed. Here is our summary of Daniel 9:24-26:

1. There would be a decree to rebuild Jerusalem.

2. Jerusalem and the Temple would be rebuilt.

3. Then an anointed one (Messiah) would be “cut off” (an idiom for “rejected” or “killed”).

4. Then Jerusalem and the Temple would be destroyed again.

All of these events later happened, in the same order in which they are described in Daniel 9:24-26:

1. After the Medo-Persians had conquered the neo-Babylonian empire about 2500 years ago, they ruled a vast empire that included the land of Israel. About 2400 years ago (about 445 BC), Persian king Artaxerxes gave permission to the Jews to rebuild Jerusalem, which was still in ruins after having been destroyed earlier by the Babylonians.

2. The Jews rebuilt the Temple and the city of Jerusalem.

3. Then, about 2000 years ago, Jesus entered Jerusalem as the Messiah who had been promised by Old Testament prophets. But, many people rejected Jesus as the Messiah and he was crucified by the Romans.

4. About 40 years after Jesus was crucified, the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple. (The Temple has not been rebuilt since then).

Daniel 9:24-26 (NIV):

24 “Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy.

25 “Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’ It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.

26 After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.

Jesus was betrayed by a friend

Bible prophecy: Psalm 41:9
Prophecy written: About 1000 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In Psalm 41:9, King David wrote a prayer asking for mercy in his last days. In this prayer, which Christians acknowledge as being inspired by God, David wrote about a betrayal at the hand of a close friend with whom he had shared bread. This foreshadowed something that happened years later with Jesus. As explained in Matthew 26:47-50, Jesus was betrayed by Judas, one of the 12 apostles, shortly after Jesus and the apostles had shared bread during the Last Supper. Jesus was crucified by the Romans a short time later.

Psalm 41:9 (NIV):

Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me.

Zechariah foreshadowed the betrayal of Jesus for 30 pieces of silver

Bible prophecy: Zechariah 11:12-13
Prophecy written: Between 520 and 518 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In Zechariah 11:4-17, the prophet speaks of a payment involving 30 pieces of silver and of a good shepherd whose service is brought to an end. This foreshadows an event that happened to Jesus about 500 years later. As explained in Matthew 26:15, Judas was paid 30 silver coins for his betrayal of Jesus. Judas told the Romans when and where they could arrest Jesus without being surrounded by a large crowd of Jesus’ followers. As explained in Matthew 27:5-7, Judas later tossed the money into the Temple (the house of the Lord) and the money was used to buy a potter’s field as a burial place for foreigners. 100 Prophecies: Ancient Biblical prophecies that foretold the futurePaperback $8.99 | Kindle $2.99Read 100 detailed explanations of how Bible prophecies accurately predicted the rise of a Messiah, the fall of ancient empires and the future of the world.Check it out on Amazon.com

Zechariah 11:12-13 (NIV):

12 I told them, “If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.” So they paid me thirty pieces of silver.

13 And the LORD said to me, “Throw it to the potter”-the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the LORD to the potter.

Jesus was spat upon and beaten

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 50:6
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In Isaiah 50:6, the prophet writes about a servant of God who endures abuse at the hands of sinful people. This servant offers his back to those who beat him, his face to those who rip out his beard, and himself to those who mock and taunt him. Christians historically have acknowledged this Old Testament prophecy as being fulfilled by Jesus Christ, who lived about 700 years after Isaiah. Jesus, as explained in the New Testament, was beaten, mocked and taunted shortly before his crucifixion by the Romans. In Matthew 26:67 (NIV translation), for example, it says: Then they spit in his face and struck him with their fists. Others slapped him and said, “Prophesy to us, Christ. Who hit you?”

Isaiah 50:6 (NIV):

I offered my back to those who beat me, my cheeks to those who pulled out my beard; I did not hide my face from mocking and spitting.

God’s servant would be silent before his accusers

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 53:7
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In the book of Isaiah, chapter 53, Isaiah the prophet wrote about a servant of God. Many people believe that this was a prophecy about the life of Jesus Christ, who lived after the time of Isaiah. In Isaiah 53:7, the prophet said that the servant would be afflicted and accused, and that he would remain silent like a lamb being led to slaughter. As explained in Matthew 27:12-14, which was recorded about 700 years after the time of Isaiah, this is what happened to Jesus. He was falsely accused but remained silent and did not protest the accusations. Jesus was crucified by the Romans a short time later.

Isaiah 53:7 (NIV):

He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth.

God’s servant would die for our sins

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 53:4-6
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In Isaiah 53:4-6, prophet described a servant as being punished for the sins of others, and that others would be healed by the wounds of this person. As explained in the New Testament – such as in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John – Jesus was crucified for our sins, and he was sinless. Christians believe that this ultimate sacrifice redeemed us all from sin in the same way that lambs and other animals were once sacrificed as a symbolic way of cleansing people from sin. All of us can be accepted into the Kingdom of God, as though we were sinless, if we accept Jesus as our savior. Christians believe that we are healed through the wounds that Jesus suffered.

Isaiah 53:4-6 (NIV):

4 Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted.

5 But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed.

6 We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

Psalm 22 foreshadowed the crucifixion of Jesus

Bible prophecy: Psalm 22:1,7,8,16,17,18
Prophecy written: About 1000 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

People are sometimes curious, when they read Matthew 27:46 or Mark 15:34, why Jesus, while dying on the cross, said “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Those words are actually the first line of Psalm 22, which according to Jewish tradition was written by King David about 1,000 years before Jesus was crucified.

Psalm 22 speaks of a man who cries out to God for deliverance from intense persecution. There are parallels between the details in Psalm 22 and the details written in the New Testament about Jesus’ crucifixion, such as:

In Psalm 22:7, it speaks of a man surrounded by others who scorn and despise him. This is what happened to Jesus in Matthew 27:39 and Mark 15:29.

In Psalm 22:7, it speaks of a man being mocked, which is similar in the descriptions of Jesus’ crucifixion given in Matthew 27:31, Mark 15:20 and Luke 22:63; 23:36.

In Psalm 22:8, it says, “He trusts in the LORD; let the LORD rescue him. Let him deliver him, since he delights in him.” In Matthew 27:43, Jesus’ enemies taunted him by saying, “He trusts in God. Let God rescue him now if he wants him.”

In Psalm 22:16, it speaks of a man who was numbered with the transgressors, meaning an innocent man being regarded as being one of a group of criminals. Jesus too was numbered with the transgressors when he was crucified next to two criminals, as described in Matthew 27:38, Mark 15:27, Luke 23:32 and John 19:18.

In Psalm 22:16, it speaks of a man whose hands and feet are either pierced, or mauled, or disfigured, depending on which is truly the best English translation of the original verse. In John 19:23,34,37 – Jesus’ hands and feet were pierced with nails during the crucifixion process.

In Psalm 22:17, it speaks of a man who would be surrounded by others who stared and gloated at him. This too was the situation for Jesus during the crucifixion, according to Matthew 27:36 and Luke 23:35.

In Psalm 22:18, onlookers gamble for pieces of clothing that belonged to the person being persecuted. As explained in Matthew 27:35, Roman soldiers gambled (cast lots) for articles of Jesus’ clothing while he was being crucified.

There are other descriptions in Psalm 22 that sound like an accurate description of what would happen to a person being crucified, such as the disjointing of bones, the drying up of a person’s strength, an intense sense of thirst, a heart melting like wax (Jesus was stabbed in the side with a spear during his crucifixion), and being “poured out” of one’s body. When Jesus was stabbed, blood and water poured out from the wound.

Many Christian scholars have written about their views of the significance of Psalm 22 and the crucifixion of Jesus. The late Charles Briggs, who had been a professor at the Union Theological Seminary, said “These sufferings [of Psalm 22] transcend those of any historical sufferer, with the single exception of Jesus Christ. They find their exact counterpart in the sufferings of the cross…. This ideal is a Messianic ideal, and finds its only historical realization in Jesus Christ.”

Psalm 22:1,7,8,16,17,18 (NIV):

1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning?

7 All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads:

8 “He trusts in the LORD ; let the LORD rescue him. Let him deliver him, since he delights in him.”

16 Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet.

17 I can count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me.

18 They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing.

Zechariah foreshadowed the crucifixion of Jesus

Bible prophecy: Zechariah 12:10
Prophecy written: Between 520 and 518 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In the Old Testament book of Zechariah, chapter 12, the Bible said that there would be a time when people in Jerusalem would lament over the one who was “pierced,” as one mourns for the loss of a first-born son. (First-born sons were often viewed as the main inheritors of a family’s legacy). Christians traditionally have interpreted this passage as a reference to the return of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who was pierced when he was crucified by the Romans about 2000 years ago. Christians believe that Jesus will return in the future to establish an everlasting kingdom.

The Talmud, which offers Judaism-related commentary about various Old Testament passages, makes a very Christian-like assessment of the prophecy found in the book of Zechariah:

“What is the cause of the mourning (Zechariah 12:10)? It is well according to him who explains that the cause is the slaying of Messiah, the son of Joseph, as it is written, ‘And they shall look upon me whom they have pierced; and they shall mourn for him as one mourneth for his only son.'” -Babylonian Talmud, Sukkah 52a.

Zechariah 12:10 (NIV):

“And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son.

God’s servant would be “numbered with the transgressors”

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 53:12
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In Isaiah 53:12, the prophet wrote about a servant who would bear the sins of others and be punished side-by-side with criminals. Christians acknowledge that Isaiah’s description of this servant was a prophecy that was fulfilled during the life of Jesus Christ. As explained in the book of Matthew, Jesus, though sinless, was “numbered with the transgressors” and crucified along with two criminals.

Isaiah 53:12 (NIV):

Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

God’s servant would be buried in a rich man’s tomb

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 53:9
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 31 AD

In Isaiah 53:9, the prophet Isaiah wrote about a sinless servant being put to death with the wicked and buried with the rich. About 700 years after this was written, Jesus was put to death along with two criminals and was buried in a tomb owned by a wealthy man, as explained in the New Testament. The New Testament also says that Jesus was resurrected three days later and ascended into Heaven.

Isaiah 53:9 (NIV):

He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth.

Counting Abraham’s descendants would be like counting the stars

Bible prophecy: Genesis 15:5
Prophecy written: As early as 1400 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: Throughout history

In Genesis 15:5, the Bible said that Abraham would have many descendants and that counting them would be like counting the stars. The fulfillment of this prophecy is obvious. In fact it is so obvious that it can be easily overlooked:

Abraham is the only person revered by large numbers of people throughout world as being their ancestor.

He is the father of the Jewish people, as explained in the book of Genesis, through his son Isaac, and through Isaac’s son Israel.

Christians become descendants of Abraham through faith (Galatians 3:29), just as Abraham became the father of many nations through faith (Genesis chapters 12-17; Romans 4:18).

And many other peoples count themselves as descendants of Abraham, through his son Ishmael.

It also should be noted that the first part of his name, “Ab,” means “father,” and that his name was changed by God. The reason for the change is explained in Genesis 17:5, for which the NIV translation is: No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations.

Genesis 15:5 (NIV): 100 Prophecies: Ancient Biblical prophecies that foretold the futurePaperback $8.99 | Kindle $2.99Read 100 detailed explanations of how Bible prophecies accurately predicted the rise of a Messiah, the fall of ancient empires and the future of the world.Check it out on Amazon.com

He took him outside and said, “Look up at the heavens and count the stars–if indeed you can count them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.”

Abraham’s descendants would have their own country

Bible prophecy: Genesis 15:18
Prophecy written: As early as 1400 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 3400 years ago

The Bible’s book of Genesis explains that about 4000 years ago, the Lord found a man who had strong faith. That man’s name was Abraham. In Genesis 12:1-3, the Lord calls out to Abraham and chooses to reward him. In Genesis 15:18, the Lord said that Abraham’s descendants would have their own country, and that this country would be between the river of Egypt and the Euphrates River. (People sometimes call this the Promised Land.)

Genesis also explains that this promise of land to the descendants of Abraham was inherited by Abraham’s son, Isaac, and then by Abraham’s grandson, Jacob. Jacob is the father of the 12 Tribes of Israel.

This prophecy of nationhood has been fulfilled about 3400 years ago, the Hebrew descendants of Abraham first established Israel. The Bible’s book of Joshua explains how Joshua led the Israelites into the land that had been promised to them, as descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and established the nation of Israel.

The nation of Israel was later divided into two kingdoms, called Judah and Israel, about 2900 years ago. The kingdom of Israel lost its independence when it was conquered by Assyria about 2700 years ago. Judah lost its independence about 2600 years ago when it was conquered by Babylon.

Then, about 2000 years ago, the Romans scattered the Jews (or Israelites, or Hebrews) throughout the Roman Empire.

Starting in the late 1800s, many Jews from around the world began returning in large numbers to the land of Israel. In 1948, independence was declared for a modern state of Israel.

Genesis 15:18 (NIV):

On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram and said, “To your descendants I give this land, from the river[1] of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates–

NIV Footnote: [1] Or Wadi

Jacob’s descendants would inherit the land of Israel

Bible prophecy: Genesis 35:9-12
Prophecy written: As early as 1400 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 3400 years ago

In Genesis 35:9-12, Jacob is given a prophecy that his descendants would inherit the land of Israel. Jacob was the grandson of Abraham and was the father of the 12 Tribes of Israel. The prophecy was fulfilled when his descendants claimed the land of Israel as their country in about 1400 BC (about 3400 years ago).

Israel was later conquered by other nations and the people were forced into exiled. Many Jews returned during the past two centuries and re-established independence for a modern state of Israel in 1948.

Genesis 35:9-12 (NIV):

9 After Jacob returned from Paddan Aram,[1] God appeared to him again and blessed him.

10 God said to him, “Your name is Jacob,[2] but you will no longer be called Jacob; your name will be Israel.[3] ” So he named him Israel.

11 And God said to him, “I am God Almighty[4] ; be fruitful and increase in number. A nation and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will come from your body.

12 The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I also give to you, and I will give this land to your descendants after you.”

NIV Footnotes: [1] That is, Northwest Mesopotamia; also in verse 26

[2] Jacob means he grasps the heel (figuratively, he deceives).

[3] Israel means he struggles with God.

[4] Hebrew El-Shaddai

God will never forget the children of Israel

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 49:13-17
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: Throughout history

In Isaiah 49:13-17, the Lord makes it clear that even though the people of Israel are to be exiled from their land, the Lord will never forget them, and the Lord would eventually bring the exiles back to their homeland.

Isaiah lived about 2700 years ago. At about that time, the Assyrians invaded the northern part of the land of Israel and had forced many of the people into exile. More than a century later, the Babylonians conquered the southern part of the land of Israel, bringing an end to sovereignty, destroying Jerusalem and the Temple, and forcing people into exile.

Despite the hardships, verses 15 and 16 remind us that the Lord will never forget the people of Israel. In fact, it says that even if a mother could forget her child, the Lord would not forget his children, for they are “engraved” on the palms of his hands. And, verses 17 and 18 show that the descendants of Israel would return, as they did after the fall of the Babylonian Empire.

Isaiah 49:13-17 (NIV):

13 Shout for joy, O heavens; rejoice, O earth; burst into song, O mountains! For the LORD comforts his people and will have compassion on his afflicted ones.

14 But Zion said, “The LORD has forsaken me, the Lord has forgotten me.”

15 “Can a mother forget the baby at her breast and have no compassion on the child she has borne? Though she may forget, I will not forget you!

16 See, I have engraved you on the palms of my hands; your walls are ever before me.

17 Your sons hasten back, and those who laid you waste depart from you.

The people of Israel will never be completely destroyed

Bible prophecy: Leviticus 26:44
Prophecy written: As early as 1400 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: Throughout history

In Leviticus 26:44, the Bible said that God would never allow the people of Israel to be completely destroyed.

During ancient times, 10 of the 12 Tribes of Israel were decimated by the Assyrians. And the Babylonians later persecuted what was left of the people of Israel. But, instead of assimilating or perishing, some of the people eventually returned to their homeland and recover their way of life.

The recovery was very complete, complete enough that Jerusalem again had been restored as the center of Jewish life. And the followers of Jesus were able to begin a process in Jerusalem by which Christianity later spread throughout the world.

Leviticus 26:44 (NIV):

Yet in spite of this, when they are in the land of their enemies, I will not reject them or abhor them so as to destroy them completely, breaking my covenant with them. I am the Lord their God.

God promised to restore the Jews

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 27:12-13
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 2600 years ago

In Isaiah 27:12-13, the prophet said that the exiled Jews would return to their homeland. During the time of Isaiah, about 2700 years ago, the Assyrians were conquering the northern part of the Jewish homeland and forcing many Jews into exile. A few hundred years later, the Babylonians did the same to the southern part of the homeland. Many Jews did return during the centuries that followed. They rebuilt the Temple and worshipped at the Temple.

But, in 70 AD and in 135 AD, the Romans suppressed two uprisings among Jews in Jerusalem, who fought, unsuccessfully, for independence from the Roman Empire. After each of the uprisings, the Romans exiled hundreds of thousands of Jews. After the second uprising, the Romans temporarily banned Jews from living in Jerusalem. But the Jews have been returning in large numbers since the late 1800s.

Isaiah 27:12-13 (NIV):

12 In that day the LORD will thresh from the flowing Euphrates[1] to the Wadi of Egypt, and you, O Israelites, will be gathered up one by one.

13 And in that day a great trumpet will sound. Those who were perishing in Assyria and those who were exiled in Egypt will come and worship the LORD on the holy mountain in Jerusalem.

NIV Footnote: [1] Hebrew River

Enemies would move into the land of Israel

Bible prophecy: Leviticus 26:32-33
Prophecy written: As early as 1400 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: Beginning in about 721 BC

In Leviticus 26:32-33, as well as in other prophecies of the Bible, we learn that the people of Israel would be persecuted in the nations to which they would be driven during their exile, and that the land of Israel would be in ruins.

Here, though, we also learn that enemies would reside in the land of Israel during and after the time of exile (Leviticus 26:32).

This fulfillment of this prophecy began about 2500 years ago when Jews began returning from their Babylonian exile.

As explained in the Bible’s book of Nehemiah, the returning Jews were met with hostility from foreigners who were residing in and around Jerusalem. In the early chapters within the book of Nehemiah, the foreigners taunt the Jews as the Jews seek to rebuild Jerusalem, which had been destroyed earlier by the Babylonians.

Nehemiah confronts the foreigners, telling them that the Jews will be successful in rebuilding their fallen city:

I answered them by saying, “The God of heaven will give us success. We his servants will start rebuilding, but as for you, you have no share in Jerusalem or any claim or historic right to it” (Nehemiah 2:20, NIV translation).

Nehemiah organized an effort to rebuild the walls around Jerusalem and the project was completed in 52 days, as explained in Nehemiah 6:15-16.

Whereas Leviticus 26:32-33 speaks of the punishment through exile and destruction, other verses within the 26th chapter of Leviticus speak of forgiveness and restoration. Nehemiah played an important role in the restoration of the land and people of Israel after the fall of the Babylonian Empire.

Leviticus 26:32-33 (NIV):

32 I will lay waste the land, so that your enemies who live there will be appalled.

33 I will scatter you among the nations and will draw out my sword and pursue you. Your land will be laid waste, and your cities will lie in ruins.

The Jews would survive Babylonian rule and return home

Bible prophecy: Jeremiah 32:36-37
Prophecy written: Sometime between 626-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 536 BC

Jeremiah was one of the prophets who warned the people of Judah that they would be forced into exile by the Babylonians. In Jeremiah 32:36-37, he prophesies to the people that they will survive that their exile in Babylon and return home.

Babylon had defeated the Assyrians in a decisive battle, ending in 612 B.C., at Nineveh. And then, in 609 B.C., the Babylonians captured the last Assyrian king. The Assyrians had an empire that had included the land of Judah but now the Babylonians had seized control of the empire.

In an effort to show the people of Judah that Babylon was now their new master, they began a process of forcing key residents into exile, as early as 605 B.C. More deportations took place in later years, culminating with the wholesale destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple in 586 B.C.

Jews began returning to their homeland after the Babylonian Empire was toppled in 539 B.C., by a coalition of Medes and Persians.

Jeremiah 32:36-37 (NIV):

36 “You are saying about this city, ‘By the sword, famine and plague it will be handed over to the king of Babylon’; but this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says:

37 I will surely gather them from all the lands where I banish them in my furious anger and great wrath; I will bring them back to this place and let them live in safety.

The people of Israel would return to their land

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 34:13
Prophecy written: Between 593-571 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 2600 years ago

Like Jeremiah, the prophet Ezekiel also lived during the time that the Babylonians ruled over the people of Judah, and he too was one of the Jews who were taken to Babylon as captives. In Ezekiel 34:13, he prophesied that God would gather the exiles from the various nations to which they had been scattered and that he would restore them to “their own land.”

Ezekiel 34:13 (NIV):

I will bring them out from the nations and gather them from the countries, and I will bring them into their own land. I will pasture them on the mountains of Israel, in the ravines and in all the settlements in the land.

Jesus prophesied that the Temple would be destroyed

Bible prophecy: Matthew 24:1-2
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: 70 AD

In Matthew 24:1-2, Jesus prophesied that the Temple of Jerusalem would be destroyed and that its destruction would be so complete that not one stone would be left standing on top of another. His prophecy was fulfilled about 40 years later when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and tore down the Temple. The destruction was so complete that even the foundations of the Temple were dug up, according to Josephus, an historian who wrote about the destruction.

Matthew 24:1-2 (NIV):

1 Jesus left the temple and was walking away when his disciples came up to him to call his attention to its buildings.

2 “Do you see all these things?” he asked. “I tell you the truth, not one stone here will be left on another; every one will be thrown down.”

Jesus prophesied that the Jews would be exiled

Bible prophecy: Luke 21:24
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: 70 AD

In Luke 21:24, Jesus said that Jerusalem would be trampled upon by foreigners and that the people of Israel would be forced into exile.

About 40 years after Jesus delivered that prophecy, it began to find fulfillment. The Romans destroyed Jerusalem in the year 70, and again in the year 135.

During the first destruction, Josephus, an historian who lived during the first century, claimed that 1.1 million Jews died and that hundreds of thousands were forced out of the country and into exile and slavery.

During the second destruction, Cassius Dio, an historian who lived during the second century, claimed that 580,000 Jews were killed, and that 50 fortified towns and 985 villages were destroyed.

The exiled Jews were taken to countries throughout the Roman Empire and eventually scattered and re-scattered throughout the world.

Luke 21:24 (NIV):

They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

Jesus explained why Jerusalem would be destroyed

Bible prophecy: Luke 19:41-44
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: 70 AD

In Luke 19:41-44, Jesus prophesied that Jerusalem would be destroyed because of the rejection of Jesus as the Messiah.

Although some people did accept Jesus as the Messiah, many people rejected him. In fact, the rejection was strong enough that Jesus was executed a short time after uttering the prophecy.

Luke 19:41-44 (NIV):

41 As he approached Jerusalem and saw the city, he wept over it

42 and said, “If you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring you peace-but now it is hidden from your eyes.

43 The days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every side.

44 They will dash you to the ground, you and the children within your walls. They will not leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of God’s coming to you.”

Daniel foretold the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple

Bible prophecy: Daniel 9:24-26
Prophecy written: About 530 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 70 AD

During the time of Daniel, who lived about 2600 years ago, the Babylonians invaded Judah (the southern part of the land of Israel) and took many Jews, including Daniel, as captives to Babylon.

The Babylonians also destroyed the city of Jerusalem and the Temple, in 586 B.C.

In Daniel 9:24-26, Daniel delivers a prophecy that Jerusalem and the Temple would be destroyed, again. Within these verses, Daniel provides a chronology by which certain events would occur. First, the Jews would return from captivity and rebuild Jerusalem and the Temple. Afterwards, an “anointed one,” or Messiah, would appear, but he would be rejected. Then, Jerusalem and the Temple would be destroyed, again.

These events later played out during the century in which Jesus had announced that he was the Messiah.

Daniel 9:24-26 (NIV):

24 “Seventy ‘sevens’ are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy.

25 “Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’ It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble.

26 After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.

Zion would be “plowed like a field”

Bible prophecy: Micah 3:11-12
Prophecy written: Sometime between 750-686 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 135 AD

In Micah 3:11-12, the prophet Micah said that Jerusalem would be destroyed and that “Zion” – a central part of Jerusalem – would be “plowed like a field.”

Micah’s prophecy is believed to have been delivered in about 730 BC (about 2700 years ago). Since that time, Jerusalem was destroyed in 586 BC by the Babylonians and by the Romans in 70 AD. The Romans destroyed it again in 135 AD to crush a second Jewish rebellion for independence.

According to a text in the Gemara – a collection of ancient Jewish writings – the Romans ran a plow over Zion on the 9th day of the Jewish month of Ab. The Gemara said that Turnus Rufus, a Roman officer, plowed the area of the Temple. This prophecy was fulfilled in literal detail.

Incidentally, there was a Roman coin minted during that era that shows an image of a man using a plow. The coin was intended to commemorate the founding of the pagan Roman city called Aelia Capitolina on the site of Jerusalem. The Romans sometimes minted coins showing the plowing motif as a symbol of the establishment of a new Roman city.

Judaists fast (go without food) on the 9th day of the Jewish month of Ab (sometimes spelled Av) in remembrance of five historic events that are recorded as occurring on that date. One of those events is the plowing of all or part of Jerusalem by the Romans.

Micah 3:11-12 (NIV):

11 Her leaders judge for a bribe, her priests teach for a price, and her prophets tell fortunes for money. Yet they lean upon the LORD and say, “Is not the LORD among us? No disaster will come upon us.”

12 Therefore because of you, Zion will be plowed like a field, Jerusalem will become a heap of rubble, the temple hill a mound overgrown with thickets.

The Bible foreshadowed Rome’s destruction of Israel

Bible prophecy: Deuteronomy 28:49-52
Prophecy written: As early as 1400 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 70 AD

The Bible has several prophecies foretelling the destruction of the land of Israel, including one in the book of Deuteronomy that coincides with the manner in which the Roman army destroyed the land of Israel during the first and second centuries:

“The Lord will bring a nation against you from far away, from the ends of the earth, like an eagle swooping down . . . They will lay siege to all the cities throughout your land until the high fortified walls in which you trust fall down.” (Portions of Deuteronomy 28:49-52, NIV translation).

The Romans oppressively ruled over the land of Israel for a century before the Jews waged two wars for independence, the first beginning in 67 AD and the second beginning in about 132 AD. Both wars resulted in great destruction to the land and people of Israel.

An ancient historian named Cassius Dio claimed that the Roman army had razed to the ground 985 villages throughout Israel. If the figure is to believed, then it might be including settlements, along with cities and towns, throughout the land. The writings of Cassius Dio, along with those from Josephus, another first-century historian, indicate that the Roman army’s destruction of Israel was very complete.

The prophecy also speaks of an eagle in reference to the army that would swoop down upon Israel and reduce it to a state of desolation. As we learn from historians, including Tacitus who lived during the first century, the Romans marched with standards – poles adorned with the eagle figurines – held high above their heads, as though the eagles were in flight.

Another feature of the prophecy is that it speaks of armies being gathered from the ends of the earth. The Romans had armies scattered throughout parts of Europe, Africa and Asia. To quell the Jewish uprising, some troops had to be called in from as far away as the British Isles.

Deuteronomy 28:49-52 (NIV):

49 The LORD will bring a nation against you from far away, from the ends of the earth, like an eagle swooping down, a nation whose language you will not understand,

50 a fierce-looking nation without respect for the old or pity for the young.

51 They will devour the young of your livestock and the crops of your land until you are destroyed. They will leave you no grain, new wine or oil, nor any calves of your herds or lambs of your flocks until you are ruined.

52 They will lay siege to all the cities throughout your land until the high fortified walls in which you trust fall down. They will besiege all the cities throughout the land the LORD your God is giving you.

Israel would become a wasteland

Bible prophecy: Deuteronomy 29:23
Prophecy written: As early as 1400 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: At different times in history

In Deuteronomy 29:23, the Bible said Israel would become a wasteland. This prophecy certainly was fulfilled. The land has been described many times as having been a sparsely populated wasteland, as recently as the late 1800s and early 1900s.

American writer Mark Twain wrote this, in 1867, about the land of Israel, which at the time was called Palestine: “Palestine sits in sackcloth and ashes… the spell of a curse that has withered its fields and fettered its energies… Palestine is desolate and unlovely… It is a hopeless, dreary, heartbroken land.”

Deuteronomy 29:23 (NIV):

The whole land will be a burning waste of salt and sulfur-nothing planted, nothing sprouting, no vegetation growing on it. It will be like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in fierce anger.

The Jews would be scattered to other countries

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 22:14-15
Prophecy written: Between 593-571 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: At different times in history

In Ezekiel 22:14-15, the prophet said that the Jews would be scattered to other countries. When Ezekiel delivered this prophecy, he was in Babylon with many other Jews who had been exiled from their homeland and taken as captives to Babylon. But, after the Babylonian Captivity, many Jews had returned to their homeland only to be exiled and scattered by the Romans. The Romans, in the hopes of preventing the Jews from ever organizing another attempt to secure sovereignty for their homeland, scattered the Jews to several different countries. The plan successfully contributed to the worldwide dispersion of Jews. Even so, millions of Jews returned to their ancient homeland during the past century and successfully re-established independence for Israel in 1948.

Ezekiel 22:14-15 (NIV):

14 Will your courage endure or your hands be strong in the day I deal with you? I the LORD have spoken, and I will do it.

15 I will disperse you among the nations and scatter you through the countries; and I will put an end to your uncleanness.

Babylon would rule Judah for 70 years

Bible prophecy: Jeremiah 25:11-12
Prophecy written: Sometime between 626-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 609 BC to 539 BC

In Jeremiah 25:11-12, the prophet said that the Jews would suffer 70 years of Babylonian domination. Jeremiah also said Babylon would be punished after the 70 years. Both parts of this prophecy were fulfilled. In 609 BC, which is about 2600 years ago, Babylon captured the last Assyrian king and ruled over a vast part of what had been the Assyrian empire, to which the land of Israel previously had been subjugated. Babylon later asserted its dominance by taking many Jews as captives to Babylon, and by destroying Jerusalem and the Temple. The domination ended in 539 BC, when Cyrus, a leader of Persians and Medes, conquered Babylon and brought an end to its empire. Cyrus later offered the captive Jews the freedom to return to their homeland. 100 Prophecies: Ancient Biblical prophecies that foretold the futurePaperback $8.99 | Kindle $2.99Read 100 detailed explanations of how Bible prophecies accurately predicted the rise of a Messiah, the fall of ancient empires and the future of the world.Check it out on Amazon.com

Jeremiah 25:11-12 (NIV):

11 This whole country will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

12 “But when the seventy years are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation, the land of the Babylonians, for their guilt,” declares the LORD, “and will make it desolate forever.

Babylon would be attacked by the Medes

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 13:17
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 539 BC

In Isaiah 13:17, the prophet said the Medes would attack Babylon. This happened about 150 years after Isaiah is believed to have delivered this prophecy. The Medes joined the Persians and conquered Babylon in about 539 BC.

Isaiah 13:17 (NIV):

See, I will stir up against them the Medes, who do not care for silver and have no delight in gold.

Babylon’s gates would open for Cyrus

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 45:1
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 539 BC

In Isaiah 45:1, the prophet said God would open the gates of Babylon for Cyrus and his attacking army. Despite Babylon’s remarkable defenses, which included moats, and walls that were more than 70-feet thick and 300-feet high, and 250 watchtowers, Cyrus was able to enter the city and conquer it. Cyrus and his troops diverted the flow of the Euphrates River into a large lake basin. Cyrus then was able to march his army across the riverbed and into the city.

Isaiah 45:1 (NIV):

“This is what the Lord says to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I take hold of to subdue nations before him and to strip kings of their armor, to open doors before him so that gates will not be shut:

Babylon’s kingdom would be overthrown, permanently

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 13:19
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 539 BC

In Isaiah 13:19, the prophet said Babylon would be overthrown, permanently. History confirms that when Cyrus conquered Babylon in 539 BC, it never again rose to power as an empire. Before the time of Cyrus, however, Babylon had been defeated by the Assyrian Empire but was able to recover and later conquer the Assyrian Empire. However, like Isaiah prophesied 2700 years ago, the Babylonian Empire never recovered from Cyrus’ conquest.

Isaiah 13:19 (NIV):

Babylon, the jewel of kingdoms, the glory of the Babylonians’ pride, will be overthrown by God like Sodom and Gomorrah.

Babylon would be reduced to swampland

Bible prophecy: Isaiah 14:23
Prophecy written: Between 701-681 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 539 BC

In Isaiah 14:23, the prophet said that Babylon, which had been a world power at two different times in history, would be brought to a humble and final end. It would be reduced to swampland. After Cyrus conquered Babylon in 539 BC, the kingdom never again rose to power. The buildings of Babylon fell into a gradual state of ruin during the next several centuries. Archaeologists excavated Babylon during the 1800s. Some parts of the city could not be dug up because they were under a water table that had risen over the years.

Isaiah 14:23 (NIV):

“I will turn her into a place for owls and into swampland; I will sweep her with the broom of destruction,” declares the Lord Almighty.

Tyre’s mainland would be destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 26:7-9
Prophecy written: Between 587-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 573 BC

In Ezekiel 26:7-9, the prophet said in 590 BC that Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar would destroy the mainland of Tyre. Four years later, the Babylonians began a 13-year siege of Tyre. It lasted from 586 BC to 573 BC. (Alexander the Great later destroyed the island portion of Tyre, in 332 BC).

Ezekiel 26:7-9 (NIV):

7 “For this is what the Sovereign LORD says: From the north I am going to bring against Tyre Nebuchadnezzar[1] king of Babylon, king of kings, with horses and chariots, with horsemen and a great army.

8 He will ravage your settlements on the mainland with the sword; he will set up siege works against you, build a ramp up to your walls and raise his shields against you.

9 He will direct the blows of his battering rams against your walls and demolish your towers with his weapons.

NIV Footnote: [1] Hebrew Nebuchadrezzar, of which Nebuchadnezzar is a variant; here and often in Ezekiel and Jeremiah

Tyre’s fortresses would fail

Bible prophecy: Amos 1:9-10
Prophecy written: About 750 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 333-332 BC

In Amos 1:9-10, the prophet said that God would cause Tyre’s protective fortresses to fail, as punishment for the way that Tyre treated Israel. That prophecy was fulfilled in 586-573 BC when Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar attacked the mainland of Tyre, and in 333-332 BC when Alexander the Great conquered the island of Tyre. Alexander’s army built a land bridge from the mainland to the island so that they could use a battering ram to break through the island’s fortress.

Amos 1:9-10 (NIV):

This is what the Lord says: “For three sins of Tyre, even for four, I will not turn back [my wrath]. Because she sold whole communities of captives to Edom, disregarding a treaty of brotherhood, I will send fire upon the walls of Tyre that will consume her fortresses.”

Tyre would be attacked by many nations

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 26:3
Prophecy written: Between 587-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 573 BC, 332 BC, etc.

In Ezekiel 26:3, the prophet said that Tyre, the Phoenician Empire’s most powerful city, would be attacked by many nations, because of its treatment of Israel. At about the time that Ezekiel delivered this prophecy, Babylon had begun a 13-year attack on Tyre’s mainland. Later, in about 332 BC, Alexander the Great conquered the island of Tyre and brought an end to the Phoenician Empire.

Ezekiel 26:3 (NIV):

therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am against you, O Tyre, and I will bring many nations against you, like the sea casting up its waves.

Tyre’s stones, timber and soil would be cast into the sea

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 26:12
Prophecy written: Between 587-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 333-332 BC

In Ezekiel 26:12, the prophet said that Tyre’s stones, timber and soil would be thrown into the sea. Ezekiel’s prophecy accurately describes how Alexander the Great built a land bridge from the mainland to the island of Tyre, when he attacked in 333-332 BC. Alexander’s forces took rubble from Tyre’s mainland and tossed it – stones, timber and soil – into the sea, to build the land bridge (which is still there).

Ezekiel 26:12 (NIV):

They will plunder your wealth and loot your merchandise; they will break down your walls and demolish your fine houses and throw your stones, timber and rubble into the sea.

Tyre would be scraped and made bare

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 26:4
Prophecy written: Between 587-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 333 BC

In Ezekiel 26:4, the prophet said the buildings of Tyre would be ripped down and that the rubble would be scraped away. This might have happened in two stages. The Babylonians destroyed the mainland of Tyre during an attack that ended in 573 BC. Then, Alexander the Great attacked the island of Tyre in 333-332 BC. It is believed that Alexander’s army scraped the rubble from the mainland and tossed it into the sea, building a land bridge to the island to conquer it. The prophecy may have been fulfilled in another way: During the centuries after Alexander’s conquest of Tyre, the Greeks, Romans, Crusaders and Arabs came to the area of Tyre and put up their own buildings on or near the site of the original Phoenician Tyre. In doing this, the workers would have had to remove rubble from the original Phoenician Tyre.

Ezekiel 26:4 (NIV):

They will destroy the walls of Tyre and pull down her towers; I will scrape away her rubble and make her a bare rock.

Tyre would lose its power over the sea

Bible prophecy: Zechariah 9:3-4
Prophecy written: Between 520 and 518 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: Since 332 BC

In Zechariah 9:3-4, the prophet said that the Phoenician city of Tyre would lose its status as a powerful nation on the Mediterranean Sea. Today there is a city called Tyre that is either on, or near, the original Phoenician site. But this Tyre is a small city in modern-day Lebanon. It is certainly not the powerful nation that it was in the days of Zechariah.

Zechariah 9:3-4 (NIV):

Tyre has built herself a stronghold; she has heaped up silver like dust, and gold like the dirt of the streets.

But the Lord will take away her possessions and destroy her power on the sea, and she will be consumed by fire.

Phoenician Tyre would never again be found

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 26:21
Prophecy written: Between 587-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: After 332 BC

In Ezekiel 26:21, the prophet said that the Phoenician city of Tyre would be brought to an end and would never again be found. When Alexander the Great destroyed the city in 332 BC, he brought an end to the Phoenician Empire. The Empire was never revived or “found” again. As for the city itself, it has been torn down and built upon by a succession of foreign powers. Today, finding artifacts from the original Phoenician Tyre is difficult. According to the Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth Edition: “The principal ruins of the city today are those of buildings erected by the Crusaders. There are some Greco-Roman remains, but any left by the Phoenicians lie underneath the present town.”

Ezekiel 26:21 (NIV):

I will bring you to a horrible end and you will be no more. You will be sought, but you will never again be found, declares the Sovereign Lord.”

Phoenician Tyre would never be rebuilt

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 26:14
Prophecy written: Between 587-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: Since 332 BC

In Ezekiel 26:14, the prophet says the Phoenician city of Tyre would be destroyed and never be rebuilt. This was fulfilled when Alexander the Great conquered Tyre in 332 BC. His conquest brought an end to the Phoenician Empire. The empire never recovered from the attack. And so, it could never rebuild Tyre. Other nations and empires have built and rebuilt cities on or near the original Phoenician site.

Ezekiel 26:14 (NIV):

I will make you a bare rock, and you will become a place to spread fishnets. You will never be rebuilt, for I the Lord have spoken, declares the Sovereign Lord.

Nineveh’s army officers would desert

Bible prophecy: Nahum 3:17
Prophecy written: About 614 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 612 BC

In Nahum 3:17, the prophet said Nineveh’s army officers would flee rather than fight. Babylonian records claim that Assyrian army members did flee from the battle.

Nahum 3:17 (NIV):

Your guards are like locusts, your officials like swarms of locusts that settle in the walls on a cold day– but when the sun appears they fly away, and no one knows where.

Nineveh would be destroyed

Bible prophecy: Nahum 3:19
Prophecy written: About 614 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 612 BC

In Nahum 3:19 (and 1:9), the prophet said that Nineveh, which was the Assyrian Empire’s capital and perhaps the most powerful city of the ancient world, would suffer a wound that would never heal.

In 612 BC (about 2600 years ago), a coalition of Babylonians, Scythians and Medes conquered the heavily fortified city. According to the Bible, Nineveh was to be punished for the empire’s inhumane treatment of Israel.

It is unknown as to when exactly Nahum delivered this prophecy. Some scholars speculate that it was delivered about two years before the conquest. But, it is known that Nahum was correct: the city of Nineveh, as well as the Assyrian empire as a whole, never recovered from the defeat.

It is worth noting that recovery would not have been unprecedented. The Assyrian empire had conquered Babylon many years beforehand, but Babylon was able to recover from that defeat, regain its power, and defeat Assyria. But, as Nahum had accurately prophesied some 2600 years ago, Nineveh never recovered.

Nahum 3:19 (NIV):

Nothing can heal your wound; your injury is fatal. Everyone who hears the news about you claps his hands at your fall, for who has not felt your endless cruelty?

Nineveh’s destruction would be permanent

Bible prophecy: Nahum 1:8-9
Prophecy written: About 614 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 612 BC

In Nahum 1:8-9, the prophet said Nineveh’s destruction would be permanent and that it would not cause trouble a second time. This prophecy has been fulfilled. Nineveh’s destruction in 612 BC brought an end to the city’s status as the ancient world’s most powerful city. It also brought an end to the Assyrian Empire, for which Nineveh was the capital. Many empires have lost and regained power, including Babylon, which played a key role in conquering Nineveh. But, like Nahum said 2,600 years ago, Nineveh never rose to power again.

Nahum 1:8-9 (NIV):

8 but with an overwhelming flood he will make an end of [Nineveh]; he will pursue his foes into darkness.

9 Whatever they plot against the LORD he[1] will bring to an end; trouble will not come a second time.

NIV Footnote: [1] Or What do you foes plot against the LORD? He

Ninevites would be drunk in their final hours

Bible prophecy: Nahum 1:10
Prophecy written: About 614 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 612 BC

In Nahum 1:10 and 3:11, the prophet said that during the final hours of the attack on Nineveh, the Ninevites would be drunk. There is evidence that this prophecy was fulfilled. According to the ancient historian Diodorus Siculus: “The Assyrian king gave much wine to his soldiers. Deserters told this to the enemy, who attacked that night.” Siculus compiled his historical works about 600 years after the fall of Nineveh.

Nahum 1:10 (NIV):

They will be entangled among thorns and drunk from their wine; they will be consumed like dry stubble.

Nineveh would be hit with a flood

Bible prophecy: Nahum 2:6
Prophecy written: About 614 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 612 BC

In Nahum 2:6, the prophet said that Nineveh would be hit with a flood. This reportedly happened while the Babylonians and Medes were attacking the great city around 612 BC. According to the Greek historian Diodorus Siculus, who lived in the First Century BC, heavy rains had caused the Tigris River to overflow and flood part of Nineveh. The flooding destroyed some of Nineveh’s protective walls. That might have helped the attacking forces conquer Nineveh.

Nahum 2:6 (NIV):

The river gates are thrown open and the palace collapses.

Nineveh would be destroyed by fire

Bible prophecy: Nahum 3:15
Prophecy written: About 614 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 612 BC

In Nahum 3:15, the prophet said that Nineveh would be damaged by fire. Archaeologists unearthed the site during the 1800s and found a layer of ash covering the ruins. According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica: “…Nineveh suffered a defeat from which it never recovered. Extensive traces of ash, representing the sack of the city by Babylonians, Scythians, and Medes in 612 BC, have been found in many parts of the Acropolis. After 612 BC the city ceased to be important…”

Nahum 3:15 (NIV):

There the fire will devour you; the sword will cut you down and, like grasshoppers, consume you…

Nineveh’s fortresses would be easily captured

Bible prophecy: Nahum 3:12
Prophecy written: About 614 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 612 BC

In Nahum 3:12, the prophet said that Assyrian fortresses around Nineveh would fall to attackers. A coalition of Babylonians, Scythians and Medes successfully broke through the fortresses. Ancient Babylonian records say the fortified towns around Nineveh began to fall in 614 BC, about two years before the total defeat of the Assyrian empire.

Nahum 3:12 (NIV):

All your fortresses are like fig trees with their first ripe fruit; when they are shaken, the figs fall into the mouth of the eater.

Ninevites would be wiped out

Bible prophecy: Nahum 1:14
Prophecy written: About 614 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: 612 BC

In Nahum 1:14, the prophet said Nineveh would have no descendants to carry on the prestige of Nineveh. Nineveh’s destruction in 612 BC marked a permanent end to the Assyrian Empire. The city itself never again rose to any significant importance. Today, Nineveh is an archaeological site in Iraq.

Nahum 1:14 (NIV):

The Lord has given a command concerning you, [Nineveh]: “You will have no descendants to bear your name. I will destroy the carved images and cast idols that are in the temple of your gods. I will prepare your grave, for you are vile.”

Daniel predicted the four great kingdoms

Bible prophecy: Daniel 2:32-33
Prophecy written: About 530 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: Throughout history

In Daniel 2:32-33, there is a prophetic passage that symbolically identified the four great kingdoms that would rise up and control much of world, beginning in Daniel’s lifetime. The passage uses symbolic imagery:

1. The head of gold, as Daniel explained, refers to the Babylonian Empire that ruled much of the world about 2600 years ago.

2. Daniel said that the head-of-gold empire would be followed by an empire symbolized by arms of silver. Christian scholars have often interpreted this to refer to the Medo-Persian Empire which later conquered the Babylonian Empire. The scholars say that the two arms refer to the two groups – the Medes and the Persians – who comprised the Medo-Persian Empire.

3. The third kingdom was symbolized by the statue’s belly and thighs of brass. Some scholars believe that this is a reference to the Grecian Empire, which conquered the Medo-Persian Empire. The symbol of a belly and thighs of brass suggests that the kingdom was to start out as a united empire but end up as a divided empire. Under the leadership of Alexander the Great, the Grecian Empire was a united empire. But after Alexander’s death, the empire was divided up.

4. The fourth symbol – that of iron legs and feet that were part iron and part clay – has often been suggested to be a reference to the Roman Empire, which later conquered the Grecian Empire.

These four kingdoms ruled over much of the world, and each of the four ruled over the land of Israel during times in which a significant number of Jews – and perhaps a majority of Jews – were living in their homeland. Before the collapse of the Roman Empire, Jerusalem was destroyed and hundreds of thousands of Jews were forced into exile. Even today, a majority of Jews live outside of Israel.

Daniel 2:32-33 (NIV):

32 The head of the statue was made of pure gold, its chest and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze,

33 its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of baked clay.

Edom would be toppled and humbled

Bible prophecy: Jeremiah 49:16
Prophecy written: Sometime between 626-586 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 100 BC

In Jeremiah 49:16, the prophet said that Edom, a long-time enemy of Israel, would be destroyed. Edom’s capital city, Petra, was carved out of a mountain side and had great natural defenses. Nonetheless, it was destroyed and the kingdom of Edom no longer exists. Today, Petra is part of Jordan. The city was conquered by the Romans in the year 106 AD but flourished again shortly after that. A rival city, Palmyra, eventually took most of the trade away from Petra and Petra began to decline. Petra gradually fell into ruin.

Jeremiah 49:16 (NIV):

The terror you inspire and the pride of your heart have deceived you, you who live in the clefts of the rocks, who occupy the heights of the hill. Though you build your nest as high as the eagle’s, from there I will bring you down,” declares the Lord.

Egypt would never again rule over nations

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 29:15
Prophecy written: Between 593-571 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: Since the time of Ezekiel about 2500 years ago

In Ezekiel 29:15, the prophet says that Egypt would recover from a desolation (perhaps Babylon’s attack about 2600 years ago), but that it would never again rule over other nations. Up until the time of Ezekiel, Egypt had been a world power for centuries, dominating many nations, including Israel. But for most of the past 2500 years, Egypt has been controlled by foreign powers, including the Romans, Ottomans and Europeans. Today, Egypt is again an independent nation, and it has always been an impressive nation. But since the time of Ezekiel, it no longer rules over other nations.

Ezekiel 29:15 (NIV):

… I will make it so weak that it will never again rule over the nations.

The Jews would avenge the Edomites

Bible prophecy: Ezekiel 25:14
Prophecy written: Between 593-571 BC
Prophecy fulfilled: About 100 BC

In Ezekiel 25:14, the prophet said that the Jews would one day take vengeance on Edom, a nation that had often warred with the Jews. When Ezekiel delivered this prophecy, he and many other Jews were living as captives in Babylon. They didn’t have control of their own country, let alone anyone else’s. But, about 400 years later, Jews regained independence for Jerusalem and the surrounding area during the “Hasmonaean Era or Period.” During this time, the Jewish priest-king John Hyrcanus I defeated the Edomites. According to the Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth Edition: “Edomite history was marked by continuous hostility and warfare with Jews… At the end of the second century B.C., they were subdued by Hasmonaean priest-king John Hyrcanus I…”

Ezekiel 25:14 (NIV):

I will take vengeance on Edom by the hand of my people Israel, and they will deal with Edom in accordance with my anger and my wrath; they will know my vengeance, declares the Sovereign Lord.'”

Jesus will return (to judge the living and the dead)

Bible prophecy: Matthew 24:29-31
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: To be fulfilled

In Matthew 24:29-31, as well as in other places within the New Testament, Jesus revealed about 2000 years ago that he will return in the future to judge the living and the dead. This is a core Christian belief that is reflected in the Apostles’ Creed, which is a summary of Christian beliefs that was written many centuries ago. The Apostles’ Creed is recited by Christians during Christian worship services.

Matthew 24:29-31 (NIV):

29 “Immediately after the distress of those days ” ‘the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.’

30 “At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, with power and great glory.

31 And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.

No one will know the hour or the day of Jesus’ return

Bible prophecy: Matthew 24:36-37
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: Many times throughout history

When Jesus lived in the land of Israel about 2000 years ago, he gave a very simple and concise answer when someone asked him when he would return: He explained that no one knows the hour or the day, except for God the Father (Matthew 24:36).

Even so, many people throughout history have falsely insisted that they knew the timing of Jesus’ return, only to be proven wrong. During the past few centuries, for example, there have been some very influential people who have misled many people with their false predictions, including:

• William Miller, who is credited with the beginning of the Adventist movement, which includes the Seventh-day Adventist Church. He claimed that Jesus would return “sometime between March 21, 1843 and March 21, 1844.”

• After his prediction had failed, a colleague named Samuel Snow, claimed that the true date would be October 22, 1844. That prediction also proved false.

• Nelson H. Barbour, a Millerite Adventist who lived from 1824 to 1905, wrote a book entitled Evidences for the Coming of the Lord in 1873, and was involved in other date-setting attempts with Charles Taze Russell.

• Russell continued attempts at setting dates for the return of Jesus and spoke of invisible fulfillments. Russell is credited as being the founder of a religious organization called Jehovah’s Witnesses.

• Herbert W. Armstrong, who lived from 1892 to 1986 and founded a religious organization called the Worldwide Church of God, wrote a book called 1975 in Prophecy! The book warned of a catastrophic drought, enslavement of Americans and Britons, nuclear war, and the return of Jesus as a dictator.

• Joseph Smith, the founder of a religion called Mormonism, claimed that Jesus would return by 1891.

Matthew 24:36-37 (NIV):

36 No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.

37 As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man.

Jesus’ return will be unexpected

Bible prophecy: 2 Peter 3:1-18
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: To be fulfilled

In 2 Peter, which is the name of an epistle (letter) in the New Testament of the Bible, we are told that the return of Jesus will take people by surprise, that “the day of the Lord will come like a thief.”

The author, Peter, who was one of Jesus’ apostles, reminds Christians to live righteously (2 Peter 3:11 and 2 Peter 3:14) and to view the end times with joy rather than fear (2 Peter 3:12-13).

2 Peter 3:1-18 (NIV):

1 Dear friends, this is now my second letter to you. I have written both of them as reminders to stimulate you to wholesome thinking.

2 I want you to recall the words spoken in the past by the holy prophets and the command given by our Lord and Savior through your apostles.

3 First of all, you must understand that in the last days scoffers will come, scoffing and following their own evil desires.

4 They will say, “Where is this ‘coming’ he promised? Ever since our fathers died, everything goes on as it has since the beginning of creation.”

5 But they deliberately forget that long ago by God’s word the heavens existed and the earth was formed out of water and by water.

6 By these waters also the world of that time was deluged and destroyed.

7 By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.

8 But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day.

9 The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.

10 But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it will be laid bare.

11 Since everything will be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be? You ought to live holy and godly lives

12 as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming. That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat.

13 But in keeping with his promise we are looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness.

14 So then, dear friends, since you are looking forward to this, make every effort to be found spotless, blameless and at peace with him.

15 Bear in mind that our Lord’s patience means salvation, just as our dear brother Paul also wrote you with the wisdom that God gave him.

16 He writes the same way in all his letters, speaking in them of these matters. His letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people distort, as they do the other Scriptures, to their own destruction.

17 Therefore, dear friends, since you already know this, be on your guard so that you may not be carried away by the error of lawless men and fall from your secure position.

18 But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and forever! Amen.

The “day of the Lord” will take people by surprise

Bible prophecy: 1 Thessalonians 5:1-9
Prophecy written: About 50 AD
Prophecy fulfilled: To be fulfilled

In a letter addressed to the church of the Thessalonians, from Paul, Silas, and Timothy, we are reminded that the return of Jesus, which is referenced here as the “day of the Lord,” will take people by surprise.

In fact, we are told that the day will come “like a thief in the night” (1 Thessalonians 5:2), during a time when people are talking about peace and safety (1 Thessalonians 5:3).

1 Thessalonians 5:1-9 (NIV):

1 Now, brothers, about times and dates we do not need to write to you,

2 for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night.

3 While people are saying, “Peace and safety,” destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.

4 But you, brothers, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief.

5 You are all sons of the light and sons of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness.

6 So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep, but let us be alert and self-controlled.

7 For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk, get drunk at night.

8 But since we belong to the day, let us be self-controlled, putting on faith and love as a breastplate, and the hope of salvation as a helmet.

9 For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Before the end comes, the Gospel will be preached to the entire world

Bible prophecy: Matthew 24:14
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: Fulfilled in history, currently being fulfilled

In Matthew 24:14, the Bible says that the Gospel (the news about Jesus and his offer of salvation and eternal life) will be preached throughout the world. The Bible also says that sometime after this happens, the end will come. The Bible has been preached throughout the world for a long time. But now, with the increasing worldwide availability of television and the Internet, there is greater potential for the Gospel to be preached to everyone, everywhere.

Matthew 24:14 (NIV):

And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.

There will be false messiahs before Jesus returns

Bible prophecy: Matthew 24:23-25
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: Many times throughout history

Jesus prophesied in Matthew 24 that there would be false messiahs before his return and history has provided us with many examples.

Perhaps the most destructive of the false messiahs was Simon bar Kochba, who unleashed such great harm on his people that the injuries are still visible today.

Kochba lived during the second century of this era. With the help of the highly revered Rabbi Akiva, who declared that Kochba was the promised messiah, Kochba organized a rebellion against the Romans who occupied and controlled the land of Israel.

The Romans, at great cost to themselves, eventually defeated Kochba’s rebellion, and destroyed villages, towns and settlements throughout the land of Israel, and forced a new exile of Jews from the land of Israel, the effects of which are felt today. Even now, the majority of Jewish people live outside of the land of Israel.

Matthew 24:23-25 (NIV):

23 At that time if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ or, ‘There he is!’ do not believe it.

24 For false Christs and false prophets will appear and perform great signs and miracles to deceive even the elect-if that were possible.

25 See, I have told you ahead of time.

Jesus spoke of a day of unequaled destruction and suffering

Bible prophecy: Matthew 24:21-22
Prophecy written: During the first century

In Matthew 24:21-22, Jesus says that there would come a time of unequaled suffering. Many people have offered their opinions about this prophecy, claiming that it has already happened, or that it is happening, or that it will happen in the future. Some opinions involve claims of widespread disease and famine, or terrorism, or nuclear war, etc. And, so, it can be easy to overlook the good news contained in this prophecy: No matter what happens in this world, no matter how bad things get, God ultimately is in control. And, as we learn from other verses, such as John 3:16, no matter what happens, those who believe in Jesus are given the gift of salvation and eternal life with God.

Matthew 24:21-22 (NIV):

21 For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now-and never to be equaled again.

22 If those days had not been cut short, no one would survive, but for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened.

Jerusalem will be trampled upon

Bible prophecy: Luke 21:23-24
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: Currently being fulfilled

Jesus prophesied that the Gentiles, which is a word that refers to non-Jews, would trample upon Jerusalem until the end times.

It is interesting to note that when Jesus gave this prophecy during the first century of this era, the Jews had considerable control over the city of Jerusalem, even though they were forcibly incorporated into the Roman Empire. The Jews had a Temple in Jerusalem and were able to carry out various Temple functions associated with Judaism.

But, about 40 years after Jesus prophesied about Gentiles trampling upon Jerusalem, the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple and forced Jews into exile. Even today, nearly 2,000 years later, the Jews still do not have enough control over Jerusalem to rebuild their Temple on the Temple Mount.

Luke 21:23-24 (NIV):

23 How dreadful it will be in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers! There will be great distress in the land and wrath against this people.

24 They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

All who believe in Jesus will be saved

Bible prophecy: John 3:16
Prophecy written: During the first century
Prophecy fulfilled: Currently being fulfilled

In books, movies and Internet articles, so much attention is given to the prophecies that foretell the future of the world that we sometimes overlook the prophecies that foretell our own futures, on an individual basis. Consider, for example, John 3:16, in which Jesus prophesies that anyone who believes in him will be given the gift of eternal life with God.

John 3:16 (NIV):

For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.

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Signs of the times

Watchmen

He strongly rebuked those who did not pay attention to the prophetic signs that pointed to His first coming
(Matthew 16:1-4; Mark 8:11-12; Luke 11:29; Luke 12:54-56;

Watch and pray: Jesus’ teaching is to watch (inform your mind) and pray (engage your heart).

Watch – Look at what the biblical signs are and compare them to what is happening in society
(Matthew 26:40)

Pray – Grow in intimacy with Jesus. Intimacy with Jesus is the key to overcoming fear and worry and to declare the gospel with boldness.

If we neglect these 2 things our hearts will become weary and full of fear.

Matthew 24-25

Signs of the times

Jesus identified 22 signs of the times—20 are negative (Mt. 24:4-28; Mk. 13; Lk 21)

12 negative trends (Mt. 24:4-8; Mk. 13:5-8, Lk. 21:8-11)

  • deception
  • ethnic conflict
  • economic warfare
  • famines
  • pestilences
  • earthquakes
  • believers
  • relational breakdown
  • lawlessness
  • fearful sights
  • signs in the sky
  • disturbances in the sea

5 additional negative trends in the final 7 years of this age (Mt. 24:9-12)

  • Intensified Persecution
  • Falling Away
  • False Prophets
  • Intensified sin
  • Love grows cold

5 signs that happen in the final 3.5 years of the Great Tribulation (Mt. 24:14-28).

  • Abomination of desolation
  • False messiahs
  • False signs and wonders
  • Elect are deceived

Israel Sign Trends

Jews to their ancient homeland
(Ezek. 38:8; Joel 3:2, 12; Zech. 12:3, 6; 14:2; Lk. 21:24).

The rebuilt temple in Jerusalem
(Mt. 24:15; Mk. 13:14; 2 Thes. 2:4; Rev. 11:1-2; 13:12-18; cf. Dan. 9:26-27; 11:31; 12:11)

Salvation of Israel
(Mt. 23:39)

Jerusalem as center of world politics and controversy
(Zech. 12:3; 14:1-3; cf. Joel 3:2, 12; Zeph. 3:8; Lk. 21:20-24).

Anti-Semitismin the nations; love for Israel the Church
(Lk. 21:24; Isa. 42:6-7, 22; Rom. 11:11)

Nations Sign Trends

Global government
(Dan. 2:41-42; 7:7, 20, 24;Rev. 12:3; 13:1; 17:3, 7, 12-13, 16)

Globalization
(Rev. 17-18)

Knowledge and Travel
Dan. 12:4

Positive Sign Trends

Gospel preached to all nations. 2000 Bible translations.
(Mt. 24:14)

Church Bridal identity
(Rev. 22:17; cf. Mt. 25:1-13)

Global prayer and worship movement
(Rev. 22:17; 8:4;cf.Lk. 18:7-8; Isa. 62:6-7; 24:14-16; 25:9; 26:8-9; 27:2-5, 13; 30:18-19; 42:10-13; 51:11; 52:8; Joel 2:12-17, 32; Mic. 5:3-4; Zeph. 2:1-3; Ps. 102:17-20; 122:6; Zech. 12:10)

Outpouring of the Spirit Charismatic theology one million(1920) to 60 million(1970) to over 600 million today.
(Joel 2; Acts2:17-21)

Negative Sign Trends

Harlot Babylon religion – A religion of tolerance.
(Rev. 17:2-6)

Lawlessness abounds
(Mt. 24:12; Rev. 14:18;cf.Dan. 8:23)

Violence (days of Noah) 50 million abortions yr. 35 million slaves/human trafficking
(Rev. 18:13)

Immorality (days of Lot) $100 billion porn yr. Est 5 million pornographic sites
(1 Tim. 4:3; Rev. 9:21; 14:8; 17:1-4; 18:2-4, 9-10; 19:2)

Parables for responsiveness

Parable #1: (Mt. 24:45-51)
The parable of the faithful and wise servant teaches us that there are two
types of Christian leaders. We are challenged to be diligent to do God’s will in the face of pressure
and disappointment. Some respond in bitterness which can eventually lead to doing “evil.”

Parable #2: (Mt. 25:1-13)
The parable of the ten virgins emphasizes the need to cultivate intimacy
in relationship with Jesus as our Bridegroom God, along with being diligent to do God’s will.
(Psalm 91:1; Psalm 92:10;)

Parable #3: (Mt. 25:14-30)
The parable of the talents focuses on seeing the value of our life assignment
even when it is small and difficult, knowing that He rewards faithfulness in the age to come.

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Poor in Spirit

Matthew 5:3

Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs in the Kingdom of heaven.

Apart from God their is nothing in the human spirit that has the power to do the will of God in regards to personal transformation. We are not naturally equipped with the spiritual tools to live a life that God calls great and meaningful. As believers we can attempt to lean on our our strength, skills and understanding to do Gods work and will, this will lead to spiritual boredom and dullness. The first beatitude exhorts us to never expect to accomplish anything spiritually apart from a dependence on God on a moment by moment basis. “Our daily bread”

Key words: Humility, Submission, Dependence, Prayrerfulness
Poor in spirit is not. Low value, despising ones self, self hatred, emotional woundedness, comparing to others,

Bible verses that allude and exhort to spiritual poverty.

Proverbs 11:2
When pride comes, then comes shame;
But with the humble is wisdom.

  1. Isaiah 66:1-2
  2. Matthew 5:3
  3. Luke 18:13-14
  4. Matthew 11:29-30
  5. Isaiah 57:15
  6. Philippians 3:7-8
  7. Deuteronomy 8:2-3
  8. James 4:6-10
  9. Revelation 3:17-18
  10. Psalm 40:17
  11. Psalm 113:7
  12. Proverbs 22:4
  13. Isaiah 6:5
  14. Matthew 18:1-4
  15. 1 Corinthians 4:6-8
  16. Leviticus 23:27-32
  17. 1 Kings 3:11-14
  18. 2 Chronicles 7:14-15
  19. Job 42:3-6
  20. Micah 6:6-8
  21. John 8:28
  22. Romans 12:3
  23. 2 Corinthians 12:7-10
  24. Philippians 2:3-5
  25. Colossians 3:12-15
  26. 1 Thessalonians 5:18
  27. 1 Peter 5:5-6
  28. Numbers 12:3
  29. Deuteronomy 8:11-14
  30. 2 Chronicles 12:12
  31. Job 40:4
  32. Psalm 34:6
  33. Psalm 39:5
  34. Psalm 69:33
  35. Psalm 72:12-13
  36. Psalm 107:41
  37. Psalm 138:6
  38. Proverbs 3:7
  39. Proverbs 8:13
  40. Proverbs 16:18
  41. Proverbs 18:12
  42. Isaiah 61:1
  43. Isaiah 64:6
  44. Jeremiah 17:9
  45. Daniel 4:37
  46. Habakkuk 2:4-5
  47. Zephaniah 2:3
  48. Zechariah 4:6-10
  49. Matthew 12:19-20
  50. Matthew 20:26-28
  51. John 3:26-27
  52. John 15:5
  53. Romans 7:24
  54. 1 Corinthians 10:12
  55. 2 Corinthians 10:1
  56. Ephesians 4:2-3
  57. Ephesians 5:21
  58. Titus 3:1-2
  59. Hebrews 4:12-13
  60. 1 Peter 2:1-2
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Returning to first works

But I have this against you, that you have abandoned the love you had at first. Remember therefore from where you have fallen; repent, and do the works you did at first.

Revelation 2:4-5

What were the church of Ephesus first works?

  • Acts 19:6 Spoke in tongues and prophesied
  • Acts 19:19 Radical stand against false teaching, religions and doctrines
  • Acts 19:27 Reject false Gods

They struggled with the follwing culture.

  • grace was license to sin Eph 5:6
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Defining the beatitudes what they are.

The 8 attitudes of the kingdom – Gearing Up

  • In the sermon on the mount Jesus is committed to equipping us for adverse life situations without the feelings of defeatism and hopelessness.
  • If we are overrun with emotional negativity we wont have the capacity to love well.
  • The Sermon on the mount gives us 8 Beautiful truths that equip every believer to walk in victory over emotional distress, self hatred, anxiety, depression but also teaches us to walk in humility and love at the highest levels.
  • He equips us to with these 8 beatitudes as tools that we can use to ascend the mountain called life.
  • After teaching the 8 beatitudes Jesus will describe the most common problems that confront us in life and how we are are to responds as citizens of his kingdom. This is how we become salt and light.
  • The evidence that we have the spirit operating in us is that we respond life circumstances issues as Jesus describes and become brighter examples of Love and a family of affection.
  • because of our familiarity with this sermon, it is common to be passive about it’s contents and presume that we are adhering to it without giving it any special attention.
  • We are not automatically awesome at following the sermon on the mount, nor are we expected to be.
  • Jesus gives us this sermon and a point of conversation that the Holy Spirit is delighted to have with us. The catch is that we need to be willing to ask.
  • Jesus’s vision and desire for us is found in Peter?
  • Because of the amount of content the scripture provides it is easy to become overwhelmed.
  • I imagine the word of God like a galaxy and Jesus reaches up into the vortex of the galxay and grabs a piece of it and gives it to us in the sermon on the mount.
  • Another analogy is like a wagon wheel. The sermon on the mount is the hub and the rest of the bible are the spokes. Every truth in the epistles finds its center point in this sermon.
  • When we talk to Jesus through the scriptures it is like giving him home field advantage, its truth on his terms.
  • This sermon answers the cry of the philosophers, what is our purpose, why are we here and how do we please God.
  • This sermon answers the wound of the poor, why is my life this way, how should I live and what should I expect.
  • This sermon brings peace to the wealthy and the weight they carry from the responsibility of earthly authority.
  • This sermon came from the most important person in human history to display the perfect strategy to bring freedom to the human heart.
  • This sermon is not only the most important sermon ever spoken but quite possibly the most important words ever written.
  • Confronts our independence.
  • Its contents brings peace to the conflicted.
  • Brings and end to racism and war.
  • Ends hatred for our brothers.
  • Teaches love with no limit and no end.
  • This sermon contains the contents of what the holy spirit wants to talk to us about most and the rewards that the human heart does not even know it desires.
  • This sermon I believe will heal the doctrinal and denominational divides.
  • This sermon I believe will confront and heal the issues of sessationism.
  • This sermon I believe will heal the divide caused by poor doctrinal practices and theological abuse.
  • In this sermon Jesus is describing what a citizen of the Kingdom looks like.
  • The sermon on the mount is describing what it looks like to abide in Matthew 22:37-38.
  • The sermon on the mount can be mistakenly read as, if you want to be saved this is how you do it. No!
  • The Sermon on the mount is, if you want to live with a vibrant heart and feel the benefits of the kingdom, this is how you live.
  • Most of our problems in live come from neglecting, ignoring or mitigating the 8 beatitudes.

The Beatitudes define

  1. The eight beatitudes define first commandment love John 13-17
  2. They define the kingdom lifestyle
  3. They define what ministry impact is

Jesus settles the issue of Legalism and Love

The 8 beatitudes, when expressed sincerely, through a believer can often times be off-putting and seemingly promote legalism. However, Jesus makes a clear distinction on the difference between whole hearted obedience and legalism. The beatitdues are the 8 virtues that Jesus is leading every believer into so we can be the salt and light of the earth v.13. Make no mistake, the man we love and worship is calling us to obey these commandments whole heartedly and to promote them in others.

The sermon on the mount is the intended fruit that the mosaic law was intended to produce through responding to the Lord in relationship. The religious leaders turn the law into an observance instead of invitations to the Fathers heart.

To walk in the full obedience of the kingdom values laid out in Matthew 5,6, and 7 we voluntarily give ourselves to the beatitudes of Matthew 5

Matthew 5:13 Being the Salt and Light will be burdensome if the 8 beatitudes are not operating in your life to some degree. Not perfectly, but the reach in our heart for them is sincere and determined.

If you make the 8 beatitudes the preoccupation of your mind and heart your life will naturally become a salt and light to this world. You won’t have to try, you will naturally exhibit and demonstrate the character and culture that Jesus promotes in his kingdom. You will in effect, be most effective.

  1. If you want to embrace what Jesus wanted you to embrace in terms of lifestyle choices. Sermon on the mount.
  2. If you want to disciple people in Kingdom values. Sermon on the mount.
  3. If you want to know how to be a faithful disciple. Sermon on the mount.
  4. If you want to know how to overcome anxiety, fear, and depression. Sermon on the mount.
  5. If you want to know how to live a life of peace, happiness, and satisfaction. Grab ahold of the sermon on the mount and never let go!

The sermon on the mount is the summary message of the most important things Jesus wanted us to receive in his teaching.

The Supernatural power of the beatitudes

  • The sermon on the mount is the most masterful teaching  He plants the beatitudes and seeds
  • The human heart is naturally bothered and unsatisfied. These virtues are the best medicine for depression, anxiety, worry, fear…
  • Every human heart longs for happiness the beatitudes lead us into a life of peace.
  • Our hearts and minds are constantly preoccupied with other things.
  • We have to be patient. The beatitudes grow
  • The 8 beatitudes are like a table of contents. Learn and teach them in almost every Bible narrative.
  • The Blessings are not generic. They are designed invitations.

It’s not too much to think about or remember. These are the keys to personal emotional freedom. Set your mind on what is pure, right and holy. We want these 8 beatitudes to become the preoccupation of our mind.

If you worry and you judge it will completely shift the inner dialog that you have with God about the virtues to the negative circumstances of everyone elses lack of commitment. It will steal the life out of the message and you will lose your salt and your light.

Jesus is not asking us to intellectually agree with what he deems as healthy lifestyle choices he is inviting us to a real culture of change and humility where we go low and lift up others, impacting everyone and the culture around us. He is inviting us into a radical commitment of humility and life style choices.

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The Constitution of the Kingdom and the Peril of Legalism

A. Introduction

Part two of my last sermon October 27. Cooperating with Grace.

  • The Question is. Now what? How does Jesus want us to respond?

33 But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you.

Matthew 6:33
  • Jesus tells us to seek first the kingdom
  • What is the Kingdom? The Infiltration of Jesus influence over the nations. Haggai 2:7.
  • Jesus tells us the first commandment is the highest priority Matthew 22:37-38
  • Which is it? Jesus describes what it means to walk in these two truths with the Sermon on the Mount.

The Kingdom is most effective when
We have to refuse to abandon any of these three truths.

  • His Word is obeyed – Luke 8:21, Luke 11:28, Jesus quotes the OT 78 the Apostles quote it 209.
  • His Will expressed – Matthew 6:10
  • His Power Displayed – 1 Thessalonians 1:5
  • These 3 points are Jesus’ Long term discipleship plan for every believer.

B. John the baptist describes Jesus ministry

“The voice of one crying in the wilderness: ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, and the crooked shall become straight, and the rough places shall become level ways, and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.’”

Luke 3:4-6
  • John the Baptist is quoting Isaiah 40:3
  • John is not describing topological changes to the terrain
  • John is describing Jesus’ new testament ministry to transform the human heart.
  • Jesus will raise valley’s (self hatred, depression and anxiety) lower every mountain of (pride and arrogance)
  • Jesus honors Isaiah 40:3 by preaching on a plain (valley) Luke 6 and on a mountain Matthew 5,6,7.
  • This message reaches the heights and depths of the human heart.
  • The (beatitudes) in the SOTM transform our emotions so we love Him and people on a deeper level.

but let your adorning be the hidden person of the heart with the imperishable beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which in God’s sight is very precious.

1 Peter 3:4
  • To understand how Jesus and John the baptist preach and what Jesus wants us broken free from you have to go back about 600yrs.

C. Babylonian Siege

  • To understand Jesus and John the baptists ministry on earth we actually need to go back 600yrs BC
  • Seige of Babylon in 586BC , Habakkuk 1:6; Joel 2:1-11; Leviticus 26
  • This information sets the stage for how Jesus and John the Baptist minister

23 Moreover, I swore to them in the wilderness that I would scatter them among the nations and disperse them through the countries, 24 because they had not obeyed my rules, but had rejected my statutes and profaned my Sabbaths, and their eyes were set on their fathers’ idols.

Ezekiel 20:23-24
  • Final prophets Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi
  • Jerusalem under rule by Persians, Greeks, Macabbean Revolt and then Rome
  • From Malachi to Matthew approximately 500 yrs.
  • No known prophets bringing word of the Lord.
  • legalism and religious leaders become more corrupt in this time. No Prophets.
  • 613 commandments in the Old Testament Civil, Moral, Ceremonial
  • In comparison we have 15,000 to 50,000 Federal laws
  • Because of 70 yrs of captivity the pharisees put an emphasis on the Oral law.
  • Talmud and mishnah combined 6 Orders, under the 6 orders, each order contains 7-12 Tractates. Each tractate contains multiple chapters.
  • They believed this would prevent them from going into exile again.
  • The idea is to create”hedge laws” that would prevent society from breaking the laws found in the torah.

“You shall not add to the word which I command you, nor take anything from it, that you may keep the command­ments of the Lord your God which I command you”

Deuteronomy 4:2
  • After 500 with no prophet, 2 radical prophets appear on the scene. John the Baptist and Jesus.
  • Jesus and John are in opposition to the oral law and the Jewish way of life because it is oppressive.

D. Traditions of the Elders/Oral Law/Traditions of Men

  • A Fundamental understanding of the oral law is key to understanding the gospels.
  • Jesus “breaks” the sabbath?

And the Pharisees and the scribes asked him, “Why do your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat with defiled hands?”

And he said to them, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written,

(Jesus Quotes Isaiah Isaiah 29:13)
“‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me;in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’ You leave the commandment of God and hold to the tradition of men.”
And he said to them, “You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God in order to establish your tradition!

Mark 7:5-9 ESV

They (Pharisees) crush people with unbearable religious demands and never lift a finger to ease the burden.

Matthew 23:4 NLT

The confusing thing about the Life of Jesus

  • His rejection of the Religious leaders (mistaken for rebelling against the laws of Moses)
  • Jesus opposed the Traditions of the Elders not the Torah Law.

Jesus breaks the sabbath?

  • Mark 7:1-3 Eating with unclean hands
  • Matthew 12, Mark 3 Healing the withered hand
  • John 5 Jesus heals at the pool of Bethesda
  • John 9 Jesus heals the blind man with dirt and spit
  • Mark 2 Picking grain in the grain fields
  • Penalty for breaking the sabbath? Death or Excommunicated! Numbers 15:32-36

Why is this important?

  • Exile becomes a symbol of the way life is. Though life is full of Gods goodness it is also full of pain and hurt.
  • We try to build walls of protection to prevent us from falling into unfavorable circumstances again. We then have to create systems to keep the walls of protection in place.
  • Jesus warns us that when storms come, not if they come.
  • When we respond with our flesh we build walls of self preservation.
  • We protect ourselves from relationships, circumstances so we wont experience or have to relive the pain of our history.
  • A hedge of protection and self preservation.
  • Jesus wants to teach us how to deal with life’s Exiles (storms) without loosing our emotion stability. Depression, Anxiety, Self Hatred and un-forgivness with 8 life virtues.
  • Many in the Body of Christ think that there is a different strategy for their emotional freedom. There is only one strategy. There isn’t another one.

E. Quotes on Sermon on the Mount

Certainly these are great words, words lifted to cosmic proportions. And over the centuries, many persons have argued that this is an extremely difficult command. Many would go so far as to say that it just isn’t possible to move out into the actual practice of this glorious command. They would go on to say that this is just additional proof that Jesus was an impractical idealist who never quite came down to earth. So the arguments abound. But far from being an impractical idealist, Jesus has become the practical realist. The words of this text glitter in our eyes with a new urgency. Far from being the pious injunction of a utopian dreamer, this command is an absolute necessity for the survival of our civilization. Yes, it is love that will save our world and our civilization, love even for enemies.

-Martin Luther King Jr. November 1957

“Humanly speaking, we could understand and interpret the Sermon on the Mount in a thousand different ways. Jesus knows only one possibility: simple surrender and obedience, not interpreting it or applying it, but doing and obeying it.”

“The Sermon on the Mount is not a statement to be treated in cavalier fashion– by saying that this or that isn’t right or that here we find an inconsistency. Its validity depends on it being obeyed. This is not a statement we freely choose to take or leave.”

—Dietrich Bonhoeffer

F. The Beatitudes

  • Jesus wants to create a family culture with no walls.
  • Jesus wants to create a family culture with no emotional hedges of protection. (Unforgivness/Space)
  • Jesus wants the 8 beatitudes to be the highest values of the church.
  • Jesus wants us to lay down our personal philosophies, strategies, doctrines and theologies.
  • Jesus wants us us to pick up his strategy called the narrow way of the 8 beatitudes.

The Holy spirit is always leading us to the 8 beatitudes.

“Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
“Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
“Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
“Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
“Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.
“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
10 “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven..

Matthew 5:3-10

G. Implications of the Beatitudes

  • Jesus follows up the beatitudes by stating if we embrace these 8 things we will become salt and light Matthew 5:13-14

Therefore whoever relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 5:19

The six negatives to reject are in Matthew 5
1. Anger (5:21-26) criticism and murder 2. Immorality (5:27-30) 3.Disregarding the sanctity of marriage (5:31-32) 4.Not keeping our commitments(5:33-37) 5.Retaliating (5:38-42) self defense, enemies etc 6.Being passive in our love to our enemies (5:43-47).

The Five positives are to embrace in Matthew 6
serve 2. give charitable deeds: giving service and/or money, (6:1-4, 19-21) 3. life of prayer (6:5-13) 4. bless our adversaries (fullness of forgiveness, 6:14-15; 5:44) 6. fasting (6:16-18).