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Discipleship training and sending

Review

  • Final Six months before the cross. Jesus is focused on training his disciples.
  • Jesus puts a major emphasis on leadership and discipleship.
  • Luke 10 Tells the leaders what they should do and in Luke 11 he teaches them what not to do.

Jesus Teaches on Prayer Luke 11:1-13

“how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!”

  • v8 Jesus emphasizes that he releases increased power of the Holy Spirit to those who ask persistently
  • v13 We are not asking for the holy spirit. We are asking for increased activity. When we pray it increases the activity of Angels and the Holy Spirit.
  • If Jesus releases more Holy Spirit activity there will be a greater attack of the enemy against you. Luke 11:15

Jesus accused of driving out demons by Beelzebub Luke 11:14-28

  • v15 Some people in the crowd accuse Jesus of driving out demons by the power of Beelzebub. Because of the delegation from Jerusalem. Mark 3:22
  • v22 Jesus says it takes a stronger man(himself) to drive out the strong man
  • v26 It’s worse than before for a man who does not respond appropriately to the activity of the Holy Spirit in his life.

The Sign of Jonah Luke 11:29-32

  • v31 The queen of Sheba and the v32 men of Nineveh would stand in Judgment against the generation that rejected Jesus (Gentiles!)

Warning the Pharisees Luke 11:37-53

  • v42 Woe#1 Practiced externalism but rejected the first(Love God) and second commandment(Neglecting Social Justice) Isaiah 3:15
  • v43 Woe#2 You position yourself in places of honor outside of Gods will. (Demanding position and stature)
  • v44 Woe#3 Unmarked Graves. Don’t touch a dead body and “the traditions of men”. Numbers 19:11-13 (Confusing people with poor doctrine)
  • v46 Woe#4 Heavy Burdens (legalism and unnecessary works) Isaiah 29:13
  • v47 Woe#5 Hypocrisy, false honor and blood of the prophets (Associating with the prophetic message while being guilty of rejecting it)
  • v52 Woe#6 Taking away the key of knowledge. The key of knowledge is Gods plan of Salvation in the person of Jesus. The religious leaders had religious and legal power. (Manipulation)
    Example: Obscuring the truth about Jesus, his authority as God, who he says he is and the authority of his words.

Warned multitudes against hypocrisy of Pharisees Luke 12:1-12

  • v1 identify and reject false doctrine and practice
  • v2-3 Both the positive things (friends) and negative things(Pharisees) will be exposed over time.
  • v4-7 Do not be afraid of what men can do. But live in fear (high respect) of God.
  • v8-10 God acknowledges those who acknowledge him, disowns those who disown him and but does not forgive blasphemers of the Holy Spirit (Attributing works of the spirit to demons)

The rich fool Luke 12:13-21

  • v15 Possessions and money can destroy your heart and walk with the Lord if a biblical perspective is not kept Matthew 6:19-23
  • v19-21 Reject a life focused on possessions and presumed comfort. Jeremiah 23:28-29 and Ezekiel 13:5

Do not worry Luke 12:22-32

  • v22 “Therefore” links what he will say in the following verses to the previous teaching about finances, possessions and position related to other men.

Parable of the watchful servants Luke 12:35-48

  • v35-40 Live with the fullest commitment in your heart that the Lord has revealed to you, always prepared and never presumptuous Matthew 5:48
    “It will be good” (3x) for those who are v37 Watching 38 are ready v39 doing
  • v45-48 The results of living in presumption of a delayed return. Those who live a lifestyle that is abusive to the grace of God.
    The servant that knows his masters will and doesn’t obey it will be beaten with many blows. But the ignorant that disobey will be beaten with few blows. Jesus is not talking about beating people. He is using an analogy that was relevant to the culture at that time with the political hierarchy and system of slavery. Paul refers to it as suffering loss 1 Corinthians 3:15

This week: Luke 12-13
Next Teaching: The Cost and Rewards of Discipleship Luke 13-16

 

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True Discipleship and Overcoming Hardheartedness – Notes

A. Gennesaret – Mark 7:1-23 The religious leaders confront Jesus in about hand washing.

  • v6 The heart changes the behavior the behavior doesn’t change the heart. Isaiah 29:13
  • v10 Corbin vow – Give money to God. Moses says to honor your father and mother.
  • v14-15  Nothing that goes into a man makes him unclean, but what comes out of a man.
  • v17-21 Jesus begins to train his disciples, its the darkness in your heart that defiles you. Matt 5:3-11

B. Tyre – Mark 7:24-30 Jesus leaves Gennesaret and goes to Tyre

  • v26 The woman was a Greek (unclean) begged Jesus.
  • v27 He wants her to stick with it. (Bread now becomes the topic of conversation)
  • Jesus uses the woman as an example of faith for his disciples Matthew 7:7-12
  • v28-29 she wants the crumbs. and because she responds in this way Jesus heals her daughter.

C. Decapolis – Mark 7:31-36 Jesus passes through Sidon then goes to Decapolis

V32-37 Jesus heals a deaf and dumb man

  • It’s no coincidence that Jesus declares all food clean Mark 7:15  and people are clean Mark 7:26.
  • Peter is still going to struggle with these topics in Acts 10:34

Mark 8:1-10 Jesus feeds the 4000 in Decapolis

  • In Mark 6 Jesus feeds 5000 mostly Jewish people. Compassion has no favoritism
  • v2-3 “I have compassion for these people, some have traveled a long way”
  • v4 “Where can we get bread?” The disciples show their hardheartedness and unbelief
  • v5 He asks the same question he did when he fed the 5000 in Mark 6:38
  • v8 The disciples picked up seven baskets
  • v10 Jesus goes back across the sea of Galilee to Dalmanutha

E. Delmanutha – Mark 8:11-13 The Pharisees demand a sign from Jesus

  • v11 the Pharisees want a sign in the heavens.They are asking for a sign from Joel 2:30
  • v12 Jesus gives them the sign of Jonah Matthew 12:38-42, Matthew 16:4
  • The sign will be me coming in the clouds and the people of Nineveh will judge you
  • v13 Jesus heads back to the other side of the sea to Bethsaida

Mark 8:14-21 Jesus confronts the disciples hardheartedness

  • v14-15 the disciples forget bread and Jesus warns them of the bread of the Pharisees
  • v16 His disciples think he means not to buy bread when they get back 
     Mark 8:17-20
  • “V18 Don’t you remember?” V21 “Do you still not understand?”
  • Review your God story, cynicism and doubt are not the right response for a true disciple

F. Bethsaida – Mark 8:22-26 In Bethsaida Jesus heals the blind man with spit.

G.Philippi Ceasarea Mark 8:27-30 Peter confesses Jesus is the Son of God.

  • v27 Jesus Asks “Who do people say I am?”
  • v28 Elijah, John the Baptist, A prophet
  • v29 Peter declares “You are the Christ”

Mark 8:31-38 Jesus predicts his death, rebukes peter and teaches selflessness.

  • v31 That Jesus must suffer and die is a brand new teaching. Isaiah 53, Psalm 22
  • v32 Peter says “I rebuke you for that negative thinking”
  • v33-38 Jesus rebukes Peter and tells the crowd to live a life of self denial

Mark 9:1-12 Jesus brings Peter, James and John up a mountain for the transfiguration.

  • V1 “Some will not taste death… 2 Peter 1:16-18 “…coming of our Lord Jesus Christ in power
  • V2 The three that saw Jesus in power (transfigure) were Peter, James and John. His inner circle.
  • V4 Elijah (prophets) and Moses(Law) are present and discussing Jesus death (Exodus) Luke 9:30-31
  • V7  The glory cloud comes “This is my Son, Whom I love. Listen to Him”

Mark 9:14-29 Jesus heals boy with a demon

H. Galilee Capernaum Mark 9:30-32 In Galilee Jesus predicts his death a second time.

  • 3 times in the final 9 months Jesus tells his disciples he is going to die

Mark 9:33-36 Jesus Disciples argue who is the greatest in Capernaum

Mark 9:38-50 Using Jesus name and maintaining the qualities of salt(beatitudes)

  • Mark 9:49-50

Next weeks readings: John 7,8,9,10 1. Think of one practical application 2. What did the holy spirit highlight 3. How can I put this into action?

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True Discipleship and Overcoming Hard Heartedness

A. Gennesaret – Ceremonial hand washing
B. Tyre – Woman at the table asking for scraps.
C. Sidon
D. Decapolis – Heals the Deaf Man, feeds the 4000
E. Delmanutha – Pharisees ask for a sign
F. Bethsaida – Yeast of the pharisees, heals the blind man
G. Philipi Ceaserea – Peters confession, the transfiguration healing of the demonic boy
H.Capernaum – Who is the greatest, accept all who come in Jesus name, Refuse sin.

3 main points to defining true discipleship Mark 7,8,9

Jesus is pointing out that Christianity is a relationship and not a religion.

  • True discipleship is not religious rituals or external ism. A disciple makes costly responses based in love. It’s a heart exchange with a real person.
  • Jesus really wants us to see his works and grow in expectation of his intervention in our life. We must resist apathy and cynicism.
  • All people are accepted by God and he wants all of his people to accept all of his people. Jesus wants us to take a radical position agains racism.

Jesus ministry years

  • Year 1 and 2 Jesus ministers to the people.
  • Year 3 Jesus focuses on his disciples and gets them on the fast track for the book of Acts leadership.
    • He’s the messiah ( Savior of humans)
    • He’s the son of God (He is God)
    • He’s going to die and then be resurrected (Savior)

Hardness of heart

  • One of the primary negative issues the disciples had was hardness of heart. When Jesus did a miracle the disciples didn’t take the implications of it seriously in their own life.
  • Jesus defines hardness of heart as unbelief.

Mark 7

A. Gennesaret

Mark 7:1-23 The religious leaders from Jerusalem confront Jesus in Genesarret about the ceremonial hand washing.

  • v6 The heart changes the behavior the behavior doesn’t change the heart.
  • Jesus exposes the externalism in the religious leaders (tradition of the elders)

    Isaiah 29:13
    “Because this people draw near with their words And honor Me with their lip service,
    But they remove their hearts far from Me, And their reverence for Me consists of tradition learned by rote,

  • preoccupied with the ritual but not their heart posture toward God.
  • The old testament rituals were pointing to Christ.
  • People often confuse policy with ritualism or legalism. Use the word required, watch heads explode.
  • v10 Corbin vow – Give money to God. Moses says to honor your father and mother.
  • v14-15 Jesus makes a big announcement. Nothing that goes into a man makes him unclean, but what comes out of a man. Partners with v6
  • v17-21 Jesus begins to train his disciples, its the darkness in your heart that defiles you. How to change your heart? Matthew 5:3-11

B. Tyre

Mark 7:24-30 Jesus leaves Gennesaret and goes to Tyre (modern day Lebanon)

  • All food is clean and all people are clean. All people who come in his name must be received.
  • v26 The woman was a Greek (unclean) begged Jesus.
  • v27 “It’s not good to take the children’s bed and toss it to the dogs”. He wants her to stick with it. (Bread now becomes the topic of conversation)
  • Jesus seemingly ignores her but she wont let go. Jesus uses her as an example of faith for his disciples (training). Matthew 7:7-12 – Ask, seek, knock
  • v28-29 she wants the crumbs. and because she responds in this way Jesus heals her.
    • 2 LESSONS in discipleship displayed
      1. Fully accepting of all people 2. Fully expecting of miracles (faith).

C.Decapolis

Mark 7:31-36 Jesus passes through Sidon then goes to the sea of Galilee in Decapolis.

V32-37 Jesus heals a deaf and dumb man

  • It’s no coincidence that Jesus declares all food clean Mark 7:15  and people are clean Mark 7:26 and then goes to the Greeks in Decaopolis. He’s living out his message by example.
  • Peter is still going to struggle with these topics in Acts 10

    Acts 10:34
    Then Peter began to speak: “I now realize how true it is that God does not show favoritism
     35 but accepts from every nation the one who fears him and does what is right. 

Mark 8

Mark 8:1-10 Jesus feeds the 4000 in Decapolis

  • In Mark 6 Jesus feeds 5000 mostly Jews. The message is that his compassion has no favoritism. ALL PEOPLE.
    • 2 LESSONS in discipleship displayed
      1. Fully accepting of all people 2. Fully expecting of miracles (faith).
    • True discipleship doesn’t reject people who don’t do Christianity the way we do. Accept EVERYONE that comes in my name
  • v2-3 “I have compassion for these people, some have traveled a long way”
  • v4 “Where can we get bread?” The disciples show their hard heartedness and unbelief. They maybe didn’t think he would do for the greeks what he did for the Jews. Jesus has already also walked on water so their faith should be at an all time high.
  • v5 He asks the same question he did when he fed the 5000 in Mark 6:38 “How many loaves do you have?”
  • v8 The disciples picked up seven baskets.
  • v10 Jesus goes back across the sea of Galilee to Dalmanutha.

 

E. Delmanutha

Mark 8:11-13 The Pharisees demand a sign from Jesus in Dalmanutha (Galilee)

  • v11 the Pharisees want a sign in the heavens not a miracle. they are asking for a sign from Joel 2:30
  • v12 Jesus wont give them a sign right now accept for the sign of Jonah Matthew 12:38-42, Matthew 16:4
  • The sign will be me coming in the clouds and when every eye sees me, you will see me and the people of Nineveh who repented will stand with me in judgment of you. That will be your sign in the heavens.
  • v13 Jesus heads back to the other side of the sea to Bethsaida

 

Mark 8:14-21 Jesus confronts the disciples hardheartedness due to their lack of faith related to bread

  • v14-15 the disciples forget bread and Jesus uses it as an opportunity to warn them of the bread of the Pharisees
    • Externalism
    • Hardheartedness
    • Hypocrisy
  • v16 His disciples think he means not to buy bread when we get back 
     Mark 8:17-20
    17 
    Knowing this, Jesus asked them, “Why are you discussing the fact that you don’t have any bread? Don’t you understand or perceive yet? Are your hearts hardened? 
    18 Do you have eyes, but fail to see? Do you have ears, but fail to hear? Don’t you remember? 19 When I broke the five loaves for the 5,000, how many baskets did you fill with leftover pieces?” 
    They told him, “Twelve.” 20 When I broke the seven loaves for the 4,000, how many large baskets did you fill with the leftover pieces?” They told him, “Seven.”
  • The disciples are not taking the implications of Jesus doing something miraculous seriously. Hardness of Heart!
  • “V18 Don’t you remember?” V21 “Do you still not understand?” He’s is telling them their faith at this point should be increasing. To remember how faithful he has been in their time together. Doesn’t Jesus follow through? Financially, relationships, hard endeavors? Look at your testimony and believe. Your faith should be increasing, you should not b living in doubt. Jesus considers this hardheartedness.
  • Review your God story, cynicism and doubt is not the right response for a true disciple. Hardness of Heart! You have a string of pearls in your history.

 

F. Bethsaida

Mark 8:22-26 In Bethsaida Jesus heals the blind man with spit and warns him not go back to the village

G.Philippi Ceasarea

Mark 8:27-30 In Ceasarea and Philippi Peter confesses Jesus is the Son of God.

  • 9 months from the cross.
  • v27 Jesus Asks “Who do people say I am?”
  • v28 Elijah, John the Baptist, A prophet
  • v29 Peter declares “You are the Christ”

 

Mark 8:31-38 Jesus predicts his death, rebukes peter and teaches everyone to take up their cross.

  • The disciples still have an incomplete understanding of what Messiah is.
    • Most anointed man ever He is messiah (king)
    • He is son of God (God Himself)
    • He must die and be resurrected
    • He will be resurrected as a human. And I’m going to resurrect you.
  • v31 That Jesus must suffer and die is a brand new teaching. Isaiah 53, Psalm 22
  • v32 Peter says “I rebuke you for that negative thinking”
    • Peter, you want a cross less Jesus
    • Man doesn’t want a messiah that goes to the cross
    • Man doesn’t want a messiah that leads us to our cross
    • Man doesn’t want history to go to the cross.
    • Letting go and denying our dark desires and obey Jesus leadership, that’s taking up our cross.
  • v33-38 Jesus rebukes Peter and then turns to the crowd and tells them they must live a life of self denial and take up their cross.

 

Mark 9

Mark 9:1-12 Jesus brings Peter, James and John up a mountain for the transfiguration(Mount Hermon).

  • V1 “Some will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God come in power”
    • When? The next verse. See Also 2 Peter 1:16-18 “…coming of our Lord Jesus Christ in power
  • V2 The three that saw Jesus in power (transfigure) were Peter, James and John. His inner circle.
    • Jesus is showing Peter James and John the aftermath of his death and resurrection. That he will walk in full glory. Death does not equal defeat
  • V4 Elijah (prophets) and Moses(Law) are present and discussing Jesus death (Exodus) Luke 9:30-31
    • The presence of Elijah, Moses and the transfiguration is God validating what Jesus said about his death and resurrection.
  • V7  The glory cloud comes “This is my Son, Whom I love. Listen to Him” Listen to what he says about his death and resurrection.

 

Mark 9:14-29 Jesus heals boy with a demon

H. Galilee Capernaum

Mark 9:30-32 In Galilee Jesus predicts his death a second time. the disciples don’t understand.

  • 3 times in the final 9 months of his Life Jesus tells his disciples he is going to die, all 3 times they do not get it.

 

Mark 9:33-36 Jesus Disciples argue who is the greatest in Capernaum

Mark 9:38-50 Using Jesus name and maintaining the qualities of salt(beatitudes)

Mark 9:49-50
49 Everyone will be salted with fire. 50 “Salt is good, but if it loses its saltiness, how can you make it salty again? Have salt among yourselves, and be at peace with each other.”

Next weeks readings: John 7,8,9,10

 

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Jesus’ power and commissioning the 12: Notes

A. Jesus Family intervention and public rejection by Jewish leaders

Mark 3:20-30

  •  His rejection from the religious leaders is now public, national and official.
  • v21, 31 Jesus family plans an intervention and walk 25-20 miles from Nazareth to Capernum.
  • v33-35 Jesus makes the declaration that all who believe in him are his mothers and brothers.
  • v22 The Jewish leaders send an official delegation from Jerusalem with an official statement that he is working in cooperation with demons Beelzebub.
  • v23  Its illogical to believe that demons are casting demons out. Jesus is the one with power to bind the strong man to liberate his captives.
  • v29 “whoever Blasphemes the Holy Spirit is guilty of eternal sin.” Do not live in fear that you blasphemed the holy spirit. Blasphemy attributing Gods power to Satan.
  • Jesus performs 4 miracles in a row as a response to his public rejection. These reveal his true identity. Power over Nature, Demons, and Sickness.

B. Miracle #1 Crossing the sea and calming the storm

Matthew 8:18-28, Mark 4:35-5:1, Luke 8:22-26

  • v35-37 Jesus is headed to Decapolis and commanded in Matthew 8:18. That they would go to the other side. A storm comes in while Jesus is sleeping
  • v38  “Do you not care that we are perishing?” The disciples questioned Jesus’ authority and it was really wrong.
  • v39 Jesus rebukes the storm and stills the sea.
  • v40 “Why are you so fearful? How is it that you have no faith?”
  • v41 Jesus disciples fear shifts from the storm to Jesus “Who are you?”
    • The outward storm cannot create an inward storm.
  • Jesus calms the storm for the disciples to show them he has the power to calm the emotional storm in us.

C. Miracle #2 Healed Gadaren demoniac

Mark 5:2-20 Luke 8:27-39

  • v1 Jesus sailed from Capernum to Gergesa
  • v2-5 Jesus immediately confronts a man with an unlcean spirit in the tombs, no one could tame him or bind him with chains, the man was tormented screaming day and night cutting himself. Matthew 8 describes this event with 2 men
  • v8-10 Jesus commands the demons to leave and asks their names.
  • Mark. 16:17-18 Signs and wonders follow those who first believe.
  • v11 Jesus casts the demons into a heard of about 2000 swine. and the swine run into the sea and drown.
  • v14-17 The Greeks come and see the demon possessed man in his right mind and the 2000 dead pigs. They ask Jesus to leave.
  • v18-20. Jesus gets back in the boat and heads back to Capernum after telling the healed man to tell your friends about the compassion of the Lord.
  • The demons completed in the pigs what they had started in the man. Jesus saved these men from their own physical destruction

D. Miracle #3 & 4 Healed woman who touched His garment

Matthew 9:18-26, Mark 5:22-43, Luke 8:41-56

  • v21 Jesus arrives back in Capernaum and the crowd is waiting for him.
  • v22-23 Jarius begs Jesus to come to his house to heal his sick daughter before she dies.
  • v24 Jesus is on his way to Jairus house because Jairus daughter is sick and dying.
  • v25-28 The woman with the issue of blood pressed through and touched Jesus garment.
  • v29 the woman is healed of a 12 year blood issue.
  • v30 Jesus asked “Who touched My clothes?”
  • v31-35 Jesus stops and tells the woman it was her faith that made her well.
  • v35 A report then comes that Jairus daughter had died while Jesus was on his way.
  • v36 To Jarius “Do not be afraid; only believe.”
  • v37 Jesus then takes Peter, James and John (his inner circle) into Jarius house and raised her.
  • v38-40 The mourners mocked and ridiculed Jesus because he said she was not dead
  • v40 Jesus kicked the mourners out (paid mourners)
  • v41-42 Jesus heals the girl who is 12 years of age
  • v43 He commands that they tell no one.

E. Commissioned and sent out the 12

Matthew 10:1-42, Mark 6:7-13, Luke 9:1-6

  1. v7 Preach the message of the Kingdom (Jesus reign and Matthew 5,6,7)
  2. v8 Pray for the sick, cast out demons.
  3. v9 Travel light don’t take unnecessary items.
  4. v11-14 Bless those who accept you with peace.
  5. v15-22 Beware of the danger of men.
  6. v23 No false confidence or bravado. Flee persecution.
  7. v24 If they say I’m demon possessed. They will same the same of you.
  8. v26-v31 Speak the truth of God with Boldness and fear God above men.
  9. v34-37 The message of the kingdom will bring division among men.
  10. v40-42 Jesus rewards those who receive the message and that are faithful.

Studies in the life of Christ Part 8 readings. Mark 6,7,8,9

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Jesus’ power and commissioning the 12

Review

  1. Centurion’s servant healed (Capernaum) Matthew 8:5-13, Luke 7:2-10
  2. Multitudes to Nain (25 miles from Capernaum) Luke 7:11 September
  3. A widow’s son raised from the dead (Nain) Luke 7:12-17
  4. Woes upon Chorazin, Capernaum (Galilee) Matthew 11:20-30
  5. Second tour of Galilee with the 12 Luke 8:1 autumn AD 28
  6. Women support Galilean tour Luke 8:2-3

Preview

  1. Friends and family call Jesus “crazy” Mark 3:20-21
  2. First public rejection by Jewish leaders (Galilee) Mark 3:22-30
  3. Crossed the sea and calmed a storm Matthew 8:18-28, Mark 4:35-5:1, Luke 8:22-26
  4. Healed Gadarenes demoniac Matthew 8:28-34, Mark 5:2-20 Luke 8:27-39
  5. Healed woman who touched His garment and raised Jarius’ daughter raised (Capernaum?) Matthew 9:18-26, Mark 5:22-43, Luke 8:41-56
  6. Final visit to Nazareth (20 miles from the sea) Matthew 13:54-58, Mark 6:1-6a
  7. Third (final) tour of Galilee; pray for laborers Matthew 9:35-38, Mark 6:6
  8. Commissioned and sent out the 12 Matthew 10:1-42, Mark 6:7-13, Luke 9:1-6

A. Jesus Family intervention and public rejection by Jewish leaders

Mark 3:20-30

  • Mark 3-5 is a picture or a model of what it is like when a human being operates under the holy spirit in fullness.
  • The rejection Jesus experiences goes to another level. His rejection from the religious leaders is goes public, national and official.
  • v21, 31 Jesus family plans an intervention and walk 25-20 miles from Nazareth to Capernum. They go to lay hold (seize) of Jesus and take him away against his will.
  • v33-35 Jesus makes the declaration that all who believe in him are his mothers and brothers. “For whoever does the will of God is My brother and My sister and mother.”
  • v22 The Jewish leaders send an official delegation from Jerusalem with an official statement that he is working in cooperation with demons Beelzebub. Not just any demon, but Beelzebub a high ranking demonic being. Matthew 12, Luke 8 (Matthew 12 The kingdom of God is in your midst if demons are cast out.)
  • v23 Jesus points out, like always the contradiction in their accusation that it is not possible for a kingdom to stand if it is divided. Its illogical to believe that demons are casting demons out. Jesus is the one with power to bind the strong man to liberate his captives.
  • v29 “whoever Blasphemes the Holy Spirit is guilty of eternal sin.” Do not live in fear that you blasphemed the holy spirit. Blasphemy attributing Gods power to Satan.
    • v28 All sins will be forgiven
    • v29 Except for a final complete hardness and rejection of Jesus that does not want his forgiveness.
    • The enemy is relentless to getting us on track with being bitter with people and with God.
  • Jesus performs 4 miracles in a row as a response to his public rejection. These reveal his true identity. Power over Nature, Demons, and Sickness.

B. Miracle #1 Crossing the sea and calming the storm

Matthew 8:18-28, Mark 4:35-5:1, Luke 8:22-26

  • Do you want to do miracle ministry? Prepare yourself for a lot of Criticism, pressure and not a lot of privacy. It’s a bond servant ministry.
  • v35-37 “On the same day” Jesus is headed to Decapolis and commanded in Matthew 8:18. That they would go to the other side. A storm comes in while Jesus is sleeping “Do you not care that we are perishing?”
  • Jesus commanded that they would go to the other side. This is the same voice that commanded the light, moon and stars into existence in Genesis 1
  • v38  “Do you not care that we are perishing?” The disciples questioned Jesus’ authority and it was really wrong.
    • Complaining about our ministries, opportunities, jobs, relationships. Circumstances can be in turmoil and, but the turmoil does not need to get inside of us.
    • Jesus could stand in the face of the storm without letting the storm into his emotions.
  • v39 Jesus rebukes the storm and stills the sea.
  • v40 “Why are you so fearful? How is it that you have no faith?”
  • v41 Jesus disciples fear shifts from the storm to Jesus “Who are you?”
  • The outward storm cannot create an inward storm.
  • The problem – Sometimes we falsely believe that Jesus promised us a position or an opportunity he did not. If he did promise it, we live in peace and believe that the time will come for him to fulfill that promise. People, ministries, finance etc can not stand in the way of what God promises, if he says it, it happens. If it seems delayed we must not become bitter or fearful but trust he will do what he said he would do.
  • Jesus calms the storm for the disciples to show them he has the power to calm the emotional storm in us.

C. Miracle #2 Healed Gadaren demoniac

Mark 5:2-20 Luke 8:27-39

  • v1 Jesus sailed from Capernum to Gergesa
  • v2-5 Jesus immediately confronts a man with an unlcean spirit in the tombs, no one could tame him or bind him with chains, the man was tormented screaming day and night cutting himself. Matthew 8 describes this event with 2 men
  • v8-10 Jesus commands the demons to leave and asks their names. The name of the Demon is legion meaning many. Legion was a unit of measurement for counting roman soldiers. A legion would have been considered about 5000 Roman soldiers.
  • We cast out demons in the authority of the name of Jesus.
  • Mark. 16:17-18 Signs and wonders follow those who first believe.
  • v11 Jesus casts the demons into a heard of about 2000 swine. and the swine run into the sea and drown.
  • v14-17 The Greeks come and see the demon possessed man in his right mind and the 2000 dead pigs and ask Jesus to leave.
  • v18-20. Jesus gets back in the boat and heads back to Capernum after telling the healed man to tell your friends about the compassion of the Lord. (This was a message to the gentiles.)
  • Jesus allowed is disciples to observe this event along with others, “You want to fratenize with demons? This is what demons will do to you! They will destroy you.”
  • You can’t play with demons, then say ” I’m done” the demons might say “You might be done, but we are not. We have unfinished business. “Pornography, addictions, lewd lifestyles.”
  • The demons completed in the pigs what they had started in the man. Jesus saved these man from his own physical destruction

D. Miracle #3 & 4 Healed woman who touched His garment

Matthew 9:18-26, Mark 5:22-43, Luke 8:41-56

  • v21 Jesus arrives back in Capernaum and the crowd is waiting for him.
  • v22-23 Jarius begs Jesus to come to his house to heal his sick daughter before she dies.
  • v24 Jesus is on his way to Jairus house because Jairus daughter is sick and dying.
  • v25-28 The woman with the issue of blood pressed through and touched Jesus garment.
  • v29 the woman is healed of a 12 year blood issue.
  • v30 Jesus asked “Who touched My clothes?”
  • v31-35 Jesus stops and tells the woman it was her faith that made her well.
  • v35 A report then comes that Jairus daughter had died while Jesus was on his way.
  • v36 To Jarius “Do not be afraid; only believe.”
    • You can see how the emotional storm shifts and is provoked in people.
  • v37 Jesus then takes Peter, James and John (his inner circle) into Jarius house and raised her.
  • v38-40 The mourners mocked and ridiculed Jesus because he said she was not dead
  • v40 Jesus kicked the mourners out (paid mourners)
  • v41-42 Jesus heals the girl who is 12 years of age
  • v43 He commands that they tell no one.

E. Commissioned and sent out the 12

Jesus is setting the disciples body of Christ’s expectations on the right trajectory

Matthew 10:1-42, Mark 6:7-13, Luke 9:1-6

  1. v7 Preach the message of the Kingdom (Jesus reign and Matthew 5,6,7) Don’t preach whatever you feel like.
  2. v8 Jesus is now giving authority to his disciples to do what they have observed him doing. Pray for the sick, cast out demons
  3. v9 Travel light don’t take unnecessary items. Don’t burden yourself, and allow God to provide.
  4. v11-14 Bless those who accept you with peace. Do not leave your peace with those who reject you.
  5. v15-22 Beware of the danger of men
  6. v23 No false confidence or bravado. Flee persecution.
  7. v24 If they say I’m demon possessed. They will same the same of you.
  8. v26-v31 Speak the truth of God with Boldness and fear God above men.
  9. v34-37 The message of the kingdom will bring division among men. Some to obedience, others to disobedience.
  10. v40-42 Jesus rewards those who receive the message and that are faithful in small acts of obedience.

Studies in the life of Christ Part 8 readings. Mark 6,7,8,9

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Eschatological time line

Eschatological – Study of the end of the age, death, judgement.

The ultimate message of eschatology is to repent because the kingdom is near.

Eschatological timeline.

Creation of the earth

Genesis 1:1, Psalm 104
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.

The fall of man

Genesis 3:7
When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it.

The curse

Genesis 3:14-19
Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it all the days of your life.

Gods wrath

Nahum 1:2
The Lord is a jealous and avenging God; the Lord takes vengeance and is filled with wrath. The Lord takes vengeance on his foes and vents his wrath against his enemies.

Romans 2:5
But because of your stubbornness and your unrepentant heart, you are storing up wrath against yourself for the day of God’s wrath, when his righteous judgment will be revealed.

Romans 1:18
The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness,

Matthew 12:30
 Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters.

John 3:18-20
but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son. This is the verdict: Light has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil. Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed. But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.

The day of Wrath, Gods final judgment

Revelation 6,8,9,11,16
21 judgements of Revelation

Revelation 19:19-21; Isaiah 63:1-6; Psalm 2
Jesus wrath on Nations

Revelation 20
1000 year reign
Defeat of satan
The great white throne judgment

11 And I saw a great white throne and the one sitting on it. The earth and sky fled from his presence, but they found no place to hide. 12 I saw the dead, both great and small, standing before God’s throne. And the books were opened, including the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to what they had done, as recorded in the books. 13 The sea gave up its dead, and death and the grave[b] gave up their dead. And all were judged according to their deeds. 14 Then death and the grave were thrown into the lake of fire. This lake of fire is the second death. 15 And anyone whose name was not found recorded in the Book of Life was thrown into the lake of fire.

Gods redemption

John 3:16
For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.
For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.

1 Timothy 1:15
Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners—of whom I am the worst.

Romans 5:1
Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.

John 14
“If you love me, keep my commands. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever— 17 the Spirit of truth

John 3:5-6 Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit. Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit.

Repentance required

To Repent is to experience a change of the mind’s perceptions and dispositions and purposes. We break our agreement with presumptive thoughts and surrender our mind to Jesus. We hand the holy spirit the leadership of our thought life and actions.

Luke 13:3
But unless you repent, you too will all perish.

Matthew 4:17
From that time on Jesus began to preach, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.”

Romans 5:10
For since our friendship with God was restored by the death of his Son while we were still his enemies, we will certainly be saved through the life of his Son.

Repentance can be admitting that we are not “good” enough on our own, we need Jesus and the cross for salvation. This is “poor in spirit” Matthew 5

Adam
Noah
Abraham
Moses
David
Adam to Jesus 4000yrs

 

 

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Studies in the life of Christ schedule

Oct 31 – No study

Nov 7 – Jesus’ power over darkness and the commission of the 12

Nov 14 – Jesus feeds 5,000, walks on water and John’s identity

Nov 21 – No Study

Nov 28 – True discipleship, Jesus public confession of deity

Dec 5 – Eternal riches and the lifestyle of a disciple

Dec 12 – Disciples to leadership, called to live in the light

Dec 16 – No study. Community potluck

Jan 2 – Cost, rewards and attitudes of a Disciple

Jan 9 – Jesus’ arrest, trial, death, resurrection and 10 appearances.

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Controversy, the Called and the Message of the Kingdom: Handout

Readings: John 5; Mattew 12; Mark 3; Luke 6; Matthew 5-7

Jesus returns to Jerusalem (second Passover) – April AD 28
Healed lame man causing Sabbath controversy John 5:2-9
Leaders sought to kill Jesus (Jerusalem) John 5:10-18
Jesus proclaiming equality with God (Jerusalem) John 5:19-47
Jesus returns to Galilee – May
Picking grain causing Sabbath controversy (Galilee) Matthew 12:1-8, Mark 2:23-28, Luke 6:1-5 – August
Healed withered hand causing Sabbath controversy Matthew 12:9-14, Mark 3:1-6, Luke 6:6-1
Spent night in prayer (mountain near the sea) Luke 6:12
Ordained the 12 apostles Matthew 5:1, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 6:13-16 – August
Sermon on the Mount (Galilean mountain) Matthew 5:2-7:27, Luke 6:20-49

A. Historical significance of the Sabbath.

586BC – The siege of Jerusalem by the Babylonians Ezekiel 20:23-24

B. Sabbath Controversies

Sabbath Controversy #1 John 5:2-9. The man at the pool of Bethesda

  • controversial issue 1: Jesus heals a man on the sabbath (can’t heal on the sabbath).
  • controversial issue 2: The healed man picks up his mat and walks as instructed by Jesus. (can’t carry things “work” on the sabbath).

Jesus explains his relationship with the father to the religious leaders.

Read John 5:17-30

  • v17 Jesus declares he is God by declaring God is his Father and that he works with his father.
  • v19 Jesus clarifies the authority structure of the Trinity.
  • v22 All judgement has been given to Jesus. His evaluation of our lives will be what is true when we stand before him.
  • v27-29 Jesus has the authority to resurrect and judge everyone at the sound of his voice.
  • Jesus point is that he works with his father and has the authority to define and interpret the sabbath.

Sabbath Controversy #2 Matthew 12:1-8 Jesus picks grain with his disciples

  • controversial issue: Picking grain and rubbing it their hands (threshing wheat)
  • Deuteronomy 23:24-25 It was lawful to walk through a field and have your fill of wheat, grain or grapes. But you couldn’t harvest it or take any with you.
  • Jesus refers to 1 Samuel 21. David eats the show bread, why didn’t scripture condemn him?
  • David was being rejecting by Israel’s evil leadership and when death was on the line he ate the bread consecrated to the priests.
  • Jesus is now being rejected by Israel’s evil leadership and they want to condemn him for picking and threshing grain heads.
  • Human need is more important than ceremonial laws. Especially if and death is on the line.
  • If the ceremonial laws crush the people, then what is the point? Don’t use the sabbath to crush and condemn people.
  • Condemnation destroys lives. Jesus wants mercy. Matthew 12:7-8

Sabbath Controversy #3 Matthew 12:9-14 Jesus heals the withered hand

  • controversial issue: Jesus heals a man on the sabbath (can’t heal on the sabbath).
  • The religious leaders ask Jesus if it is lawful to heal on the sabbath.
  • Jesus uses an analogy of a man with a sheep. Does he leave the sheep in the pit until the sabbath is over?

Sabbath controversy conclusion

  • Jesus desires mercy for people. He wants those that have power and authority to be merciful and not crush people to show off power. Workplace, home, children, marriages.
  • IE: Creating and abiding the rules in the family dynamic. Rules are meant to protect and create safe boundaries for those we love. This is to create safe boundries to walk in and understand the power of our freedoms. If we use the rules as the source of power to crush our children or our spouse with this authority, then rules have lost their initial purpose and serve as a structure of abuse and poor leadership. Authority comes from relationship not restrictions. Isaiah 42:1-3

C. Jesus calls the 12 Apostles

Luke 6:12 It was at this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God.

The next day Jesus is going to:

  • Chose the 12 apostles
  • Preach the his most important sermon
  • Perform a significant miracle (heals centurion slave).

The Twelve were the first officially authorized representatives of Jesus. Jesus was commissioned to act for God, so the apostles were to act for Jesus. John 20:21

  • Summoned those whom he wanted Mark 3:13
  • To be with him Matthew 22:37-38, 2 Corinthians 5:18-20
  • To preach the gospel (to know the word and proclaim it) Preach what? What is the kingdom?
  • To cast out demons/miracles. Mark. 16:17-18

D. Jesus teaches his disciples kingdom lifestyle

Jesus reveals the true intention of the Law and the way of the Kingdom

  • John the Baptist preached Jesus new covenant Ministry Isaiah 40:3
  • The sermon on the mount to teaches his disciples what and how to preach. Matthew 5:19

The 8 beatitudes

1.Blessed are the poor in spirit, 2.Blessed are those who mourn. 3.Blessed are the meek, 4.Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, 5.Blessed are the merciful, 6.Blessed are the pure in heart, 7.Blessed are the peacemakers, 8.Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness

To the degree we participate with the 8 beatitudes we become salt and light. Matthew 5:13

  • Jesus is teaching his disciples to do the second part of their calling which is to preach the gospel. Matthew 5:19
  • Jesus uses the rest of the sermon to give us practical instances in which we can grow in the beatitudes.
  • Most of the New Testament is a collection of the principles and instruction found in the sermon on the mount. the Book of James

The six negatives to reject are in Matthew 5
1.Anger (5:21-26) slander, light criticism, whispering and murder 2. Immorality (5:27-30) 3.Disregarding the sanctity of marriage (5:31-32) 4.Not keeping our commitments (5:33-37) 5.Retaliating (5:38-42) self defense, enemies etc 6.Being passive in our love to our enemies (5:43-47).

The Five positives are to embrace in Matthew 6
1. Serve/charitable deeds (6:1-4, 19-21) 2.Give (6:1-4, 19-21) 3.Prayer (6:5-13) 4.Bless our adversaries (fullness of forgiveness, 6:14-15; 5:44) 5.Fasting (6:16-18).

Sermon conclusion
Have a singular eye/Do not worry/How to identify false doctrines and believers

Studies in the life of Christ Part 6 readings. Luke 7, Matthew 13

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Controversy, the Called and the Message of the Kingdom

Review

  1. Nicodemus questioned Jesus during the Passover in Jerusalem
  2. Jesus returned to Galilee through Samaria
  3. Samaritan woman at the well (Sychar in Samaria)
  4. John is imprisoned by Herod (in Machaerus)
  5. Received in synagogues in Galilee  autumn
  6. Capernaum royal official’s son healed (Galilee)
  7. First rejection in Nazareth 4:16-30
  8. Moved to Capernaum (20 miles from Nazareth)
  9. Healed Peter’s mother-in-law (Capernaum)
  10. Many healed as whole town gathered at the door
  11. First preaching tour in Galilee (about 4 months)
  12. Called Matthew also named Levi (Capernaum)

Preview

  1. Jesus returns to Jerusalem (second Passover) – April AD 28
  2. Healed lame man causing Sabbath controversy John 5:2-9
  3. Leaders sought to kill Jesus (Jerusalem) John 5:10-18
  4. Jesus proclaiming equality with God (Jerusalem) John 5:19-47
  5. Jesus returns to Galilee – May
  6. Picking grain causing Sabbath controversy (Galilee) Matthew 12:1-8, Mark 2:23-28, Luke 6:1-5 – August
  7. Healed withered hand causing Sabbath controversy Matthew 12:9-14, Mark 3:1-6, Luke 6:6-11
  8. Spent night in prayer (mountain near the sea) Luke 6:12
  9. Ordained the 12 apostles Matthew 5:1, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 6:13-16 – August
  10. Sermon on the Mount (Galilean mountain) Matthew 5:2-7:27, Luke 6:20-49

A. Historical significance of the Sabbath.

586BC – The siege of Jerusalem by the Babylonians

Ezekiel 20:23-24 Nevertheless I swore to them in the wilderness that I would disperse them among the nations and scatter them in other lands,  because they did not carry out my ordinances, but rejected my statutes and desecrated my sabbaths, having eyes only for the idols of their ancestors.

B. Sabbath Controversies

  • The intention of the sabbath from Gods perspective was to create a day or rest for society.
  • Rest your body. Fill your soul. Like Christmas day as a kid, the city goes on complete shutdown.
  • Jesus is bringing the issue to the surface. He desires mercy not a sacrifice. The religious leaders used sabbath laws to control and manipulate society.

Sabbath Controversy #1 John 5:2-9. The man at the pool of Bethesda

  • controversial issue 1: Jesus heals a man on the sabbath (can’t heal on the sabbath).
  • controversial issue 2: The healed man picks up his mat and walks as instructed by Jesus. (can’t carry things “work” on the sabbath).
  • v5 “Do you wish to get well?”
  • v14 “Behold, you have become well; do not sin anymore, so that nothing worse happens to you.”

Jesus explains his relationship with the father to the religious leaders.

Read John 5:17-30

  1. Jesus declares he is God by declaring God is his Father and that he works with his father.

    v17 But He answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I Myself am working.”

  2. Jesus clarifies the authority structure of the Trinity.

    v19 “Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something He sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, these things the Son also does in like manner.

  3. All judgement has been given to Jesus. His evaluation of our lives will be what is true when we stand before him.

    22 For not even the Father judges anyone, but He has given all judgment to the Son, 23 so that all will honor the Son even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.

  4. Jesus has the authority to resurrect and judge everyone at the sound of his voice.

    27and He gave Him authority to execute judgment, because He is the Son of Man. 28 Do not marvel at this; for an hour is coming, in which all who are in the tombs will hear His voice, 29 and will come forth; those who did the good deeds to a resurrection of life, those who committed the evil deeds to a resurrection of judgment.

In conclusion.

  • Jesus point is that he works with his father and has the authority to define and interpret the sabbath.

V20 For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself is doing;

Sabbath Controversy #2 Matthew 12:1-8 Jesus picks grain with his disciples

  • controversial issue: Picking grain and rubbing it their hands (threshing wheat)
  • Deuteronomy 23:24-25 It was lawful to walk through a field and have your fill of wheat, grain or grapes. But you couldn’t harvest it or take any with you.
  • Jesus refers to 1 Samuel 21. David eats the show bread, why didn’t scripture condemn him?

Jesus is making correlation between himself and David.

  • David was being rejecting by Israel’s evil leadership and when death was on the line he ate the bread consecrated to the priests.
  • Jesus is now being rejected by Israel’s evil leadership and they want to condemn him for picking and threshing grain heads.
  • Human need is more important than ceremonial laws. Especially if and death is on the line.
  • If the ceremonial laws crush the people, then what is the point? Don’t use the sabbath to crush and condemn people.
  • Condemnation destroys lives. Jesus wants mercy.

Matthew 12:7-8 But if you had known what this means, “I desire mercy and not sacrifice,” you would not have
condemned the guiltless. 8For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.

Sabbath Controversy #3 Matthew 12:9-14 Jesus heals the withered hand

  • controversial issue: Jesus heals a man on the sabbath (can’t heal on the sabbath).
  • The religious leaders ask Jesus if it is lawful to heal on the sabbath.
  • Jesus uses an analogy of a man with a sheep. Does he leave the sheep in the pit until the sabbath is over?

Sabbath controversy conclusion

  • Jesus desires mercy for people. He wants those that have power and authority to be merciful and not crush people to show off power. Workplace, home, children, marriages.
  • IE: Creating and abiding the rules in the family dynamic. Rules are meant to protect and create safe boundaries for those we love. This is to create safe boundries to walk in and understand the power of our freedoms. If we use the rules as the source of power to crush our children or our spouse with this authority, then rules have lost their initial purpose and serve as a structure of abuse and poor leadership. Authority comes from relationship not restrictions.

Isaiah 42:1-3 “Behold, My Servant, whom I uphold; My chosen one in whom My soul delights. I have put My Spirit upon Him;He will bring forth justice to the nations.2 “He will not cry out or raise His voice, Nor make His voice heard in the street.3 “A bruised reed He will not break And a dimly burning wick He will not extinguish;

C. Jesus calls the 12 Apostles

Luke 6:12 It was at this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God.

The next day Jesus is going to:

  • Chose the 12 apostles
  • Preach the his most important sermon
  • Perform a significant miracle (heals centurion slave).

The Twelve were the first officially authorized representatives of Jesus. Jesus was commissioned to act for God, so the apostles were to act for Jesus. John 20:21

Mark 3:13 And He went up on the mountain and *summoned those whom He Himself wanted, and they came to Him. And He appointed twelve, so that they would be with Him and that He could send them out to preach, 15 and to have authority to cast out the demons.

  • Summoned those whom he wanted
  • To be with him Matthew 22:37-38, 2 Corinthians 5:18-20
  • To preach the gospel (to know the word and proclaim it) Preach what? What is the kingdom?
  • To cast out demons/miracles.

Mark. 16:17-18 Signs and wonders follow those who first believe.

D. Jesus teaches his disciples kingdom lifestyle

Jesus reveals the true intention of the Law and the way of the Kingdom

  • Jesus and the Fellowship of the Ring.
  • John the Baptist preached Jesus new covenant Ministry Isaiah 40:3, Jesus explains how Isaiah 40:3 looks in Sermon on the mount.
  • Jesus uses the sermon on the mount to teach his disciples how to preach and declare the kingdom. Matthew 5:19

The 8 beatitudes

  • Blessed are the poor in spirit
    To be poor in spirit is to recognize all that is available in the glory of God and soberly evaluate how little we are walking in, in comparison to ALL that is available. We will always desperately need Jesus.
  • Blessed are those who mourn
    Spiritual mourning is seeing the gap and being bothered enough, that we determine we are going to do something about it. We don’t make excuses for our lack of zeal and come up with unbiblical reasons why we need to relax and draw back from pressing in. Instead, we push in harder and deeper we continue to Ask, Seek and Knock.
  • Blessed are the meek
    The meek are those who recognize that all they have and own are from God and they use it for God. Their time, their money and energy. This is in essence, loving the lord with all of our heart, mind, soul and strength. Every opportunity, blessing, and position comes from him, It’s not mine, it’s his.
    The meek resist criticism in all circumstances.
  • Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness
    We view righteousness to the spirit like food to the body. When we view righteousness as a requirement to spiritual nourishment we will hunt for, defend an protect it.
  • Blessed are the merciful
    Being merciful requires our hearts to be alert at all moments. Mercy is not a one-off idea of being nice to people who are unfortunate. Mercy is how we treat people when they have wronged us or when they make mistakes that are costly. In the small parts of life. We must be eager to be merciful.

    • The story of closing the church and people not showing up to do it.
    • John and James want to call fire down from heaven. Luke 9:51-56
  • Blessed are the pure in heart
    To be pure in heart is to be pure in thought word and deed. Our secret motives and outward communication must come from the spirit. Purity gives us spiritual clarity.
  • Blessed are the peacemakers
    Peacemakers find every means necessary to build a bridge between conflicting parties and a critical spirit. A peacemaker does not allow the momentum of slander pass from ear to ear but does everything to snuff out the flame of criticism by introducing reconciliation to all situations. We do not all the momentum of negativity and criticism of others be carried through our mouth. It stops here! with me.
  • Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness,
    As you embrace these attitudes you will be challenged and tested in each one and often. Every time we respond correctly we are working out that spiritual muscle to get stronger and stronger. Our obedience will be tried and tested.

To the degree we participate with the 8 beatitudes we become salt and light.

Matthew 5:13 “You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt has become tasteless, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men.

  • Jesus is teaching his disciples to do the second part of their calling which is to preach the gospel.

Matthew 5:19Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others to do the same, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

  • Jesus uses the rest of the sermon to give us practical instances in which we can grow in the beatitudes.
  • Most of the New Testament is a collection of the principles and instruction found in the sermon on the mount, but taught in expanded form. For instance the book of James uses the truths of the sermon on the mount but communicates them through the poetic language of proverbs.

The six negatives to reject are in Matthew 5

  • Anger (5:21-26) slander, light criticism, whispering and murder
  • Immorality (5:27-30)
  • Disregarding the sanctity of marriage (5:31-32)
  • Not keeping our commitments (5:33-37)
  • Retaliating (5:38-42) self defense, enemies etc
  • Being passive in our love to our enemies (5:43-47).

The Five positives are to embrace in Matthew 6

  • Serve/charitable deeds (6:1-4, 19-21)
  • Give (6:1-4, 19-21)
  • Prayer (6:5-13)
  • Bless our adversaries (fullness of forgiveness, 6:14-15; 5:44)
  • Fasting (6:16-18).

Sermon Conclusion

  • Jesus ends the sermon exhorting the disciples not worry about position, belongings, status or provision. Worry produces anxiety and shifts our inner narrative with God from God centered to me centered. He his disciples and us to have a singular eye.
  • Jesus describes true and false teachers and believers and how to identify them.

Studies in the life of Christ Part 6 readings. Luke 7, Matthew 13

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Overview: Life and Times of Jesus – Handout

A. REVIEW

Matthew emphasizes Jesus as King. Mark Emphasizes Jesus as a servant. Luke emphasizes  Jesus humanity. John emphasizes Jesus deity.

B. PROBLEMS WITH HARMONIZATION OF GOSPELS

The Harmony of the gospels. To demystify some of the contradictions and bring the 4 biographies of Jesus life into a unified story.

There are close to 400 recorded steps that Jesus took, and when you see them in chronological order. It becomes a lot easier to work through what seems to be a contradiction.

C. THE LAND

Israel at the time of Jesus was approximately 70miles wide and and 150miles in length.

Israel was sectioned into five main areas. If know these 5 areas you will have a clearer picture of where Jesus is and what he is doing.

Galilee – Where most of Jesus ministry took place. Capernum is the major city of Galilee and was Jesus headquarters.

Samaria – Samaria is an area and city.

Judea – Half of Judea is dessert. The wilderness of Judea. Cities included Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Emmaus, and Jericho.

Perea – The area beyond the Jordan. This is where John the baptist was baptizing people.

Decapolis –  Deca means 10. Decapolis is a group of 10 predominately Greek cities. Jesus healed the sick and cast out demons, fed people. The Jews did not like Jesus blessing the Greeks.

Jordan River – Runs north-south for about 80 miles connecting the Sea of Galilee (in the north) and the Dead Sea (in the south).

The Sea of Galilee – Has 3 different names 1.Sea of Galilee 2. the Lake of Gennesaret (Lk. 5:1) 3. Sea of Tiberias (Jn. 6:1; 21:1). Surrounded by 9 cities totaling around 15,000 people. Popular place for tax collectors and Roman soldiers.

 

D. GOVERNMENT OF ISRAEL

Pontius Pilate – Roman governor and regional oversight – Reports to Rome. Lives in Cesaria.

Felix and Festus – Governors in the book of acts.

Herod the Great – Jesus birth (37–4 BC).

Herod Antipas Jewish leader under Romain Authority (BC 4-AD 39).

Herod Agrippa Book of Acts (AD 37-44).

Sanhedrin Religious Leaders similar to the US senate. Made up of 70 elders. Reported to Rome and consistently taking advantage of the Jewish people.

Scribes Devout to the word of God. Would teach and duplicate the scriptures.

Pharisees Pharisees arose out of the scribes. Preserved the law. Responsible for “Tradition of men” or “The tradition of the elders”.

Sadducees – Came from the ranks of priests. Held most of the political and religious because of their wealth and position. Occupied most of the Sanhedrin. Did not believe in a physical resurrection or eternal judgment.

Essene’s – Lived in the desert and in self denial. Devotion in prayer, fasting and the word. John the baptist grew up with the Essene’s.

Zealots – Patriotic party that hated Rome. Did not want a spiritual King. Wanted a conquering King messiah.

E. 10 PARTS OF JESUS LIFE

Part 1. Jesus pre-existance and genealogy.
Part 2. Jesus and John the Baptists birth to adulthood.
Part 3. John’s ministry and Jesus temptation.
Part 4. Beginning of Jesus public ministry.
Part 5. Jesus moves ministry to Galilee.
Part 6. Training of 12 Disciples.
Part 7. Jesus Ministry in Judea.
Part 8. Jesus Ministry in Perea.
Part 9. Jesus enters Jerusalem as Messiah.
Part 10. Jesus death, resurrection and accession.