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The Feasts

Feasts:  Proclaiming the First and Second Coming

One of the first things God the Father did while establishing the culture of Israel was to place seven significant events into the Jewish calendar ([biblegateway passage=”Leviticus 23″ display=”Leviticus 23″]).  These events were called feasts.  However some of these feasts were actually not feasts but fasts.  The list of feasts/events are broken up into two categories, the spring feasts and the fall feasts as follows:  Spring Feasts – The Passover (Erev Pasach), The Feast of Unleavened Bread (Pesach), The Feast of the First Fruits (Omer), The Feast of Pentecost (Shavuot).  Fall Feasts – The Day of Trumpets (Yom Teruah), The Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur), and the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkoth).  In the following sections there are descriptions of each feast and their significance as it pertains to Jesus’ first and second coming.

The 4 Spring Feasts (Point to Jesus’ First Coming):

  1. The Passover (Erev Pesach):  Starts the annual Jewish feast calendar.  Points towards the sacrificial lamb of the original Passover as well as the Ultimate Passover Lamb, Jesus, the lamb who was slain for the salvation of the world.
  1. The Feast of Unleavened Bread / Passover Meal (Pesach):  The unleavened bread, a type of sinless Jesus, is eaten.  Now we take this bread to remember Jesus.  At the Last Supper, Jesus took this bread and redefined its meaning for the new Jewish believers.  He said, “Do this now in remembrance of ME.”
  1. Feast of First Fruits (Omer): This was the day they were to wave the sheaf from a barley plant from the first / spring harvest. Jesus was the first fruits of the resurrection, (1 Cor 15:20, 23, 2 Tim 2:6-8). Significance of Feasts – Joel Richardson
  1. The Feast of Pentecost (Shavuot): This day celebrated the first of the wheat harvest with the offering of two wave loaves of leavened bread (Lev 23:17, 20). This feast foreshadowed the first major outpouring of the Holy Spirit, resulting in three thousand souls being added to the Church in one day (Acts 2:41). This early outpouring of the Holy Spirit will also be followed by another greater outpouring of the Holy Spirit near the end of time (Joel 2:28-29) to empower the proclamation of the Gospel of the Kingdom before the return of Jesus.  Shavu’ot, the Festival of Weeks, is the second of the three major festivals with both historical and agricultural significance (the other two are Passover and Sukkot). Agriculturally, it commemorates the time when the first fruits were harvested and brought to the Temple, and is known as Hag ha-Bikkurim (the Festival of the First Fruits). Historically, it celebrates the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai, and is also known as Hag Matan Torateinu (the Festival of the Giving of Our Torah).

The 3 Fall Feasts (Point to Jesus’ Second Coming):

The Day of Trumpets (Yom Teruah) – a call to repent. Preceded by 30 days of repentance and followed by 10 days of repentance.  Better known as Rosh Hashannah (the new year) in modern Judaism. But Yom Teruah isn’t really the ‘Jewish New Year,’ in fact, it falls on the first day of Etanim, (also known traditionally as Tishri) which is the seventh month in YHVH’s calendar. The real ‘new year’ is in Aviv (also known traditionally as Nisan) when Pesakh/Passover occurs.  Yom Teruah begins a ten-day period leading up to the holiest day of YHVH’s calendar, Yom Kippur — the “Day Of Atonement.” These ten days are called the ‘Days of Awe’ in modern Judaism. In fact, modern Judaism also includes the preceding month of Elul also as a time to prepare for the upcoming Fall moedim (appointed times). The sounding of the shofar on Yom Teruah is a wake-up blast — a reminder that the time is near for the Day of Atonement. It is time to teshuvah (repent, turn back to YHVH). Traditionally, these ten days are ones of heart searching and self examination — the shofar warns us we need to examine our lives and make amends with all those we have wronged in the previous year, and to ask forgiveness for any vows we may have broken. So a main theme of the Fall Holy Days is repentance.  In non-Messianic traditional Judaism it is believed that YHVH records our names in the Book of Life during the Fall festivals. Hence, a common greeting you might hear before and during Yom Teruah is “May you be inscribed (in the book of life).” Another popular greeting is ‘L’shana Tova’ which is a wish for a good new year. Traditional foods on Yom Teruah are ‘sweet’ – apples dipped in honey (and sweet dishes made with apples, honey, raisins, figs, sweetened carrots, and pomegranates, etc. are served). The traditional challah bread is made sweeter and shaped in a circle, symbolizing completeness and never-ending sweetness. The rabbinic idea of this ‘sweetness’ was to bring a sense of optimism to the festival, since the themes of repentance and atonement might have made this season a somber time of remorse alone. Since there are many trumpets mentioned in Scripture, it is unwise to assume every mention of a trumpet necessarily refers to Yom Teruah, especially when making eschatological predictions regarding the Holy Days, as we are also commanded to sound the trumpet on Yom Kippur (Lev 25:9) to signify the Jubilee year.

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur): This day, a complete fast, is the holiest day of the Biblical calendar. It is a day of repentance. Through repentance, reconciliation with God takes place. This is also the day that the corporate sins of the Jewish nation were laid upon a scapegoat that was cast outside of the camp into the wilderness. Atonement prophetically speaks of the day when the Jews mourn and repent concerning their rejection of Jesus who is foreshadowed in the scapegoat. Thus, the Day of Atonement also points to the day when all Israel will be saved (Romans 11) as they return to the LORD forevermore.  (Paul G’s notes:  The “mourning” that occurs throughout all of Israel in the Scriptures is this.)

Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkoth): An eight-day celebratory feast coinciding with the final harvest of the year. For seven days the people moved out of their homes and lived in shelters called “Sukkah.” It was decorated with branches cut from palm, willow and other trees. This last feast prophetically speaks of the future celebration regarding the final harvest of mankind at the end of the age and the commencement of the Millennium. Today we eat in a Sukkah looking forward to the day when God will dwell on earth with us. But even during the Millennium, we will continue to keep this festival (Zech 14) to celebrate the fact that God dwells with man and is our covering (Sukkah) through Jesus the Messiah.

The Festival of Sukkot begins on Tishri 15, the fifth day after Yom Kippur. It is quite a drastic transition, from one of the most solemn holidays in our year to one of the most joyous. Sukkot is so unreservedly joyful that it is commonly referred to in Jewish prayer and literature as Z’man Simchateinu , the Season of our Rejoicing.  

In honor of the holiday’s historical significance, we are commanded to dwell in temporary shelters, as our ancestors did in the wilderness. The temporary shelter is referred to as a sukkah (which is the singular form of the plural word “sukkot”). Like the word sukkot, it can be pronounced like Sue-KAH, or to rhyme with Book-a.

The sukkah is great fun for the children. Building the sukkah each year satisfies the common childhood fantasy of building a fort, and dwelling in the sukkah satisfies a child’s desire to camp out in the backyard. The commandment to “dwell” in a sukkah can be fulfilled by simply eating all of one’s meals there; however, if the weather, climate, and one’s health permit, one should spend as much time in the sukkah as possible, including sleeping in it.

Many Americans, upon seeing a decorated sukkah for the first time, remark on how much the sukkah (and the holiday generally) reminds them of Thanksgiving. This may not be entirely coincidental: I was taught that our American pilgrims, who originated the Thanksgiving holiday, borrowed the idea from Sukkot. The pilgrims were deeply religious people, living their lives in accordance with the Bible. When they were trying to find a way to express their thanks for their survival and for the harvest, they looked to the Bible for an appropriate way of celebrating and found the fall harvest festival of Sukkot. This is not the standard story taught in public schools today (that a Thanksgiving holiday is an ancient English pagan custom that the Pilgrims brought over), but that story doesn’t fit with the Pilgrims’ strict biblical views.

Summarizes the Feasts, In Order

Joel Richardson’s Article on the Feasts
Judaism 101 Site

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Revelation Session 6: The Trumpet Judgements

Understanding trumpets and their purpose in Scripture

  • Call to battle [biblegateway passage=”1 Corinthians 14:8″], [biblegateway passage=”Judges 3:27-28″]
  • Celebration [biblegateway passage=”Leviticus 25:9″]
  • Signalling [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 1:10″], [biblegateway passage=”Joel 2:15″]
  • Stop Fighting [biblegateway passage=”2 Samuel 2:28″]
  • Announcement [biblegateway passage=”1 Kings 1:34″], [biblegateway passage=”2 Kings 9:13″]
  • Warning [biblegateway passage=”Jeremiah 4:5″], [biblegateway passage=”Jeremiah 6:1″], [biblegateway passage=”Joel 2:1″], [biblegateway passage=”Ezekiel 33:1-6″], [biblegateway passage=”Amos 3:6″], [biblegateway passage=”Hosea 8:1″]

The First Four Trumpets

The first four trumpets are different than the last 3. Following the pattern of the first 4 seals carried out by the horsemen which were different than the last 3 seals.

  1. The first four trumpets primarily effect the natural created order but are not executed directly on the inhabitants of the earth. This includes trees, grass, the sea, creatures in the sea, ships, rivers, springs of fresh water, the sun, the moon and the stars.
  2. The first four trumpets only effect 1/3 of the earth

Three of the trumpets echo the judgements on Egypt in the book of Exodus.

Trumpet 1 [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 8:7″] compare to [biblegateway passage=”Exodus 9:23-25″]

Trumpet 2 [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 8:8-9″] compare to [biblegateway passage=”Exodus 7:20-21″]

Trumpet 4 [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 8:12″] compare to [biblegateway passage=”Exodus 10:21-23″]

The Trumpets in Detail

Trumpet 1 [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 8:7″] 

Hail with fire mingled with blood thrown to the earth. 1/3 Trees and grass burned up.
Because of the primary result of the first trumpet being 1/3 of the habitable land being burnt up we can assume that fire is the main element or characteristic of this judgement.

What would the implications of this type of judgement be? How would peoples and nations respond?

Trumpet 2 [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 8:8-9″] 

A mountain burning with fire thrown to the sea.
I assume this is an asteroid of some kind. Since the same verbage is used “thrown”. Since the hail was thrown and comes from the sky, it would imply that this mountain is thrown and comes from the sky. It seems the term “mountain” would be the only way John would know how to describe an asteroid. Again this effects 1/3 of the sea and turns it to blood.

Trumpet 3 [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 8:10-11″] 

A great star burning like a torch fell on a third of the rivers.
This could be another smaller asteroid. This object turns 1/3 of the fresh water bitter and makes men sick to the point of death.

Trumpet 4 [biblegateway passage=”Revelation 8:12-13″] 

1/3 of the sun, the moon and the stars are struck with darkness
This is a clearly foreshadowed in the book of [biblegateway passage=”Exodus 10:21-23″] and a precursor to the worst of the judgements yet to come. This darkness is an introduction to the next three judgments knows as the 3 woes which are fare worse than the first for trumpets and all seven seals. We must remember that the judgements get increasing more devastating to turn those with hard hearts to the Lord. These events will open great doors opportunity to spread the Gospel.

People will be terrified and will be asking if God is angry with us. Their minds have been opened to hear the gospel of the kingdom. They will have a desire to know more about God and to be saved from the destruction ravaging the world.

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The Blessed Hope: The Apostles Looked Forward and Looked Up!

The Blessed Hope: Live Prepared


-1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 But we do not want you to be uninformed, brethren, about those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve as do the rest who have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep in Jesus. For this we say to you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be with the Lord. Therefore comfort one another with these words. 

Continue reading The Blessed Hope: The Apostles Looked Forward and Looked Up!

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The 30 Descriptions of Jesus in Revelation 1-3

In Revelation 1:5-7 there are 7 descriptions of Jesus

1. Jesus (Rev. 1:5)
2. Christ (Rev. 1:5)
3. Faithful and true witness (Rev. 1:5; 3:7, 14)
4. Firstborn from the dead (Rev. 1:5) – similar to “the First” (Rev. 1:11, 17; 2:8; 22:13)
5. Ruler of the kings of the earth (Rev. 1:5), similar to King of kings (Rev. 19:16)
6. He who loved us and washed us and made us kings and priests (Rev. 1:5-6)
7. He is coming with clouds (Rev. 1:7; 3:11) – One who intervenes in history; He is not silent

In Revelation 1:10-18 there are 17 descriptions of Jesus

1. Loud voice, as of a trumpet (Rev. 1:10) similar to a faithful witness
2. His voice as the sound of many waters (Rev. 1:15)
3. I am the Alpha (Rev. 1:11; 22:13)
4. I am the Omega (Rev. 1:11; 22:13)
5. I am the First (Rev. 1:11, 17; 2:8; 22:13)
6. I am the Last (Rev. 1:11, 17; 2:8; 22:13)
7. In the midst of the seven lampstands (Rev. 1:13; 2:1)
8. Son of Man (Rev. 1:13) Dan. 7:13-14
9. Garment to the feet (high priest) and girded about the chest with a golden band (Rev. 1:13)
10. His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow (Rev. 1:14)
11. His eyes like a flame of fire (Rev. 1:14; 2:18)
12. His feet were like fine brass, as if refined in a furnace (Rev. 1:15; 2:18)
13. He had in His right hand seven stars (Rev. 1:16, 20; 2:1; 3:1)
14. Out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword (Rev. 1:16; 2:12)
15. His countenance was like the sun shining in its strength (Rev. 1:16)
16. I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. (Rev. 1:18; 2:8)
17. Has keys of the kingdom: I have the keys of Hades and of Death (Rev. 1:18; 3:7)

In Revelation 2-3 there are 18 descriptions of Jesus

1. Who holds the 7 stars in His right hand (Rev. 2:1; 3:1)
2. Who walks in the midst of the 7 golden lampstands (Rev. 2:1)
3. The First (Rev. 2:8)
4. The Last (Rev. 2:8)
5. Who was dead and came to life (Rev. 2:8)
6. He who has the sharp two-edged sword (Rev. 2:12, 16; also Rev. 1:16; 19:15, 21)
7. Eyes like a flame of fire (Rev. 2:18)
8. Feet like fine brass (Rev. 2:18)
9. Has the seven Spirits of God (Rev. 3:1)
10. He who has the key of David (Rev. 3:7)
11. The Faithful Witness (Rev. 3:14)
12. The Beginning of the creation of God (Rev. 3:14)