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Controversy, the Called and the Message of the Kingdom: Handout

Readings: John 5; Mattew 12; Mark 3; Luke 6; Matthew 5-7

Jesus returns to Jerusalem (second Passover) – April AD 28
Healed lame man causing Sabbath controversy John 5:2-9
Leaders sought to kill Jesus (Jerusalem) John 5:10-18
Jesus proclaiming equality with God (Jerusalem) John 5:19-47
Jesus returns to Galilee – May
Picking grain causing Sabbath controversy (Galilee) Matthew 12:1-8, Mark 2:23-28, Luke 6:1-5 – August
Healed withered hand causing Sabbath controversy Matthew 12:9-14, Mark 3:1-6, Luke 6:6-1
Spent night in prayer (mountain near the sea) Luke 6:12
Ordained the 12 apostles Matthew 5:1, Mark 3:13-19, Luke 6:13-16 – August
Sermon on the Mount (Galilean mountain) Matthew 5:2-7:27, Luke 6:20-49

A. Historical significance of the Sabbath.

586BC – The siege of Jerusalem by the Babylonians Ezekiel 20:23-24

B. Sabbath Controversies

Sabbath Controversy #1 John 5:2-9. The man at the pool of Bethesda

  • controversial issue 1: Jesus heals a man on the sabbath (can’t heal on the sabbath).
  • controversial issue 2: The healed man picks up his mat and walks as instructed by Jesus. (can’t carry things “work” on the sabbath).

Jesus explains his relationship with the father to the religious leaders.

Read John 5:17-30

  • v17 Jesus declares he is God by declaring God is his Father and that he works with his father.
  • v19 Jesus clarifies the authority structure of the Trinity.
  • v22 All judgement has been given to Jesus. His evaluation of our lives will be what is true when we stand before him.
  • v27-29 Jesus has the authority to resurrect and judge everyone at the sound of his voice.
  • Jesus point is that he works with his father and has the authority to define and interpret the sabbath.

Sabbath Controversy #2 Matthew 12:1-8 Jesus picks grain with his disciples

  • controversial issue: Picking grain and rubbing it their hands (threshing wheat)
  • Deuteronomy 23:24-25 It was lawful to walk through a field and have your fill of wheat, grain or grapes. But you couldn’t harvest it or take any with you.
  • Jesus refers to 1 Samuel 21. David eats the show bread, why didn’t scripture condemn him?
  • David was being rejecting by Israel’s evil leadership and when death was on the line he ate the bread consecrated to the priests.
  • Jesus is now being rejected by Israel’s evil leadership and they want to condemn him for picking and threshing grain heads.
  • Human need is more important than ceremonial laws. Especially if and death is on the line.
  • If the ceremonial laws crush the people, then what is the point? Don’t use the sabbath to crush and condemn people.
  • Condemnation destroys lives. Jesus wants mercy. Matthew 12:7-8

Sabbath Controversy #3 Matthew 12:9-14 Jesus heals the withered hand

  • controversial issue: Jesus heals a man on the sabbath (can’t heal on the sabbath).
  • The religious leaders ask Jesus if it is lawful to heal on the sabbath.
  • Jesus uses an analogy of a man with a sheep. Does he leave the sheep in the pit until the sabbath is over?

Sabbath controversy conclusion

  • Jesus desires mercy for people. He wants those that have power and authority to be merciful and not crush people to show off power. Workplace, home, children, marriages.
  • IE: Creating and abiding the rules in the family dynamic. Rules are meant to protect and create safe boundaries for those we love. This is to create safe boundries to walk in and understand the power of our freedoms. If we use the rules as the source of power to crush our children or our spouse with this authority, then rules have lost their initial purpose and serve as a structure of abuse and poor leadership. Authority comes from relationship not restrictions. Isaiah 42:1-3

C. Jesus calls the 12 Apostles

Luke 6:12 It was at this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God.

The next day Jesus is going to:

  • Chose the 12 apostles
  • Preach the his most important sermon
  • Perform a significant miracle (heals centurion slave).

The Twelve were the first officially authorized representatives of Jesus. Jesus was commissioned to act for God, so the apostles were to act for Jesus. John 20:21

  • Summoned those whom he wanted Mark 3:13
  • To be with him Matthew 22:37-38, 2 Corinthians 5:18-20
  • To preach the gospel (to know the word and proclaim it) Preach what? What is the kingdom?
  • To cast out demons/miracles. Mark. 16:17-18

D. Jesus teaches his disciples kingdom lifestyle

Jesus reveals the true intention of the Law and the way of the Kingdom

  • John the Baptist preached Jesus new covenant Ministry Isaiah 40:3
  • The sermon on the mount to teaches his disciples what and how to preach. Matthew 5:19

The 8 beatitudes

1.Blessed are the poor in spirit, 2.Blessed are those who mourn. 3.Blessed are the meek, 4.Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, 5.Blessed are the merciful, 6.Blessed are the pure in heart, 7.Blessed are the peacemakers, 8.Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness

To the degree we participate with the 8 beatitudes we become salt and light. Matthew 5:13

  • Jesus is teaching his disciples to do the second part of their calling which is to preach the gospel. Matthew 5:19
  • Jesus uses the rest of the sermon to give us practical instances in which we can grow in the beatitudes.
  • Most of the New Testament is a collection of the principles and instruction found in the sermon on the mount. the Book of James

The six negatives to reject are in Matthew 5
1.Anger (5:21-26) slander, light criticism, whispering and murder 2. Immorality (5:27-30) 3.Disregarding the sanctity of marriage (5:31-32) 4.Not keeping our commitments (5:33-37) 5.Retaliating (5:38-42) self defense, enemies etc 6.Being passive in our love to our enemies (5:43-47).

The Five positives are to embrace in Matthew 6
1. Serve/charitable deeds (6:1-4, 19-21) 2.Give (6:1-4, 19-21) 3.Prayer (6:5-13) 4.Bless our adversaries (fullness of forgiveness, 6:14-15; 5:44) 5.Fasting (6:16-18).

Sermon conclusion
Have a singular eye/Do not worry/How to identify false doctrines and believers

Studies in the life of Christ Part 6 readings. Luke 7, Matthew 13

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