Jesus’ Baptism and Temptation

Jesus’ Baptism

Matthew 3:13-17; Mark 1:9-11; Luke 3:21-22

  • v21 John then baptizes Jesus and there is a physical manifestation of the spirit descending on Jesus like a dove. The father then speaks audibly of his love and pleasure over his son.
  • John 1:33 tells us that John did not know Jesus was the Christ until the Spirit descended on him
  • Tevilah is water immersion and represents a change in status in regards to purification, restoration, and qualification for full religious participation in the life of the community, ensuring that the cleansed person will not impose uncleanness (death and decay) on property or its owners.
  • Mikvah used for ritual immersion to purify yourself for temple activity
  • Tevilah became most necessary when coming in contact with a corpse. A cleansing was necessary to take part in temple rituals
  • Baptism like Tevilah is a proclamation that we have been freed from death and will no longer bring decay into this world but life and light.
  • See story of Nammann 2 Kings 5:10
  • After the Babylonian captivity Jews began to baptize those who converted to Judaism.
  • Jesus baptism also identifies with the Jews who came up out of Egypt (Matthew 2:13–23 ; Exodus 13)
  • Jesus baptism also identifes with Jews who spent 40 years in the desert (Luke 4; Deuteronomy 8:2 )
  • Jesus baptims also identifies with Jews who came through the waters of the red sea (Luke 3; Exodus 14).
  • Jesus did not need baptism for cleansing of his own sin, because he was sinless. Jesus was baptized to identify with sinners and the penalty of sin he would bear for us.
  • Jesus baptism was also his declaration that he would not bring death and decay into the world but eternal life.
  • Jesus baptism was also in preparation for the coming kingdom. A kingdom that will have no place for sin, death and decay.

Jesus’ Temptation

Matthew 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13

  • Luke 4:1-2 Jesus is lead by the spirit to be tempted by the devil.
  • This is an interesting paradox. The spirit leads us out of temptation, so this is a very unique and unusual situation.
  • Outside of the cross this is the most dramatic point in the gospels. All of human history hinges on the 40 day period.
  • The drama of Jesus temptation is that it is a replay of Adam in the Garden of Eden. Jesus is referred to as the second Adam. Adam had all the benefits and luxuries of the Garden of Eden, he also had a companion. Yet, he still folded under the pressure of the temptation.
  • Satan gives us a refresher on the first Adam v6 “I will give You all this domain and its glory; for it has been handed over to me, and I give it to whomever I wish.
  • Jesus was NOT only tempted in 3 instances. v2 He was tempted for 40 days.
  • Jesus was victorious in the wilderness in contrast to the failures of Adam in the garden of Eden and Israel in the wilderness.
  • All three—Jesus, Adam, and Israel—were referred to as “God’s son”(Ex. 4:22-23; Hos. 11:1; Lk. 3:23, 38). 2.
  • Jesus answered the temptation by being armed with the “sword of the Spirit” (Eph.6:17)
  • The three temptations represent the three categories of temptations that all people face (1 Jn. 2:16):
  • the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the boastful pride of life—sensuality, greed, and pride.
  • Adam was not able to overcome temptation in the perfect environment. Jesus was able to overcome with no food, no spouse and no garden.

“16For all that is in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—
is not of the Father but is of the world.” (1 Jn. 2:16)

John 2:16
  • Lust of flesh: (physical indulgence) pleasure without reference to the will of God—“sensuality”
  • Lust of eyes: possessions without reference to the will of God—“greed”
  • Pride of life: position without reference to the will of God—“pride”
  • Sensuality, greed, and pride were the three sins that Adam and Eve were tempted with in the garden

5“God knows that in the day you eat of it…you will be like God [pride]…” 6So when the woman
saw that the tree was good for food [pleasurable—lust of the flesh], that it was pleasant to the eyes
[lust of eyes]…she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate.

Genesis 3:5–6

All 3 recorded temptations Jesus responds with scripture. All from the book of Deuteronomy. This points back Israel’s time in the wilderness after the Exodus. However the Jews were full of complaint, and betrayed the Lord. Jesus responds in faithfulness to God and his word.

  • Deut 8:3 It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone.
  • Deut 6:13 It is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.’
  • Deut 6:16 You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.
  • Satan twists Psalm 91 trying to justify testing God by promoting that you can trust God to protect you when you purposefully put yourself in harms way.

Psalm 91:11,12

“For He will give His angels charge concerning you, To guard you in all your ways. They will bear you up in their hands, That you do not strike your foot against a stone.”

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